• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Biography of Thomas Wentworth

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Tim Culbertson HIST 326: Irish History I 10/14/2003 Thomas Wentworth & The Lord Deputyship of Ireland Among the major political figures of Ireland's history during the seventeenth century, Thomas Wentworth holds an unusual position in light of his achievements and the attitudes of those he ruled. The Lord Deputy in Ireland starting in 1631, Wentworth traveled to Ireland to stabilize the deeply divided territory and to set her productivity to England's benefit. Of the goals he attempted, among them the stabilization of Ireland's economy, the reform of its military, the regeneration of its commerce, and the reorganization of its religion, few, if any, failed under his driven leadership. However, his methods have been argued as ruthless and tyrannical, earning him intense dislike among the people of Ireland and among political circles at home in England. While Wentworth may have succeeded at bringing the Crown's bidding into reality in Ireland, his methods intensified an underpinning disorder within Ireland and between Ireland and England.1 Wentworth first appears as a significant political figure at the Parliament of 1628, vocally and slyly siding with the popular cause against the Crown.2 Charles and his Court undoubtedly noticed the vigor and savvy in Wentworth as their adversary in parliament. Thus, in promoting him to viscountcy and then appointing him President of the Council of the North, the Crown both gained an apt ally and removed a growing thorn in its side. ...read more.

Middle

He first thought to increase Ireland's production of flax, hemp, and linen and increase the duties paid on these exports, developing a trade which would generate revenue for the island, provide further opportunities of employment, and serve as a source of these products for England. The second half of his dealings in the textile industry, however, brings back to light his dedication to not only make Ireland pay for itself, but additionally to provide a profit to England. By severely limiting the production of wool in Ireland, Wentworth opened up a monopoly in which England not only gained revenue as the exclusive supplier of textiles, but also gained monetarily through increased customs.11 These changes, though in many ways beneficial to Ireland's economic stability, won him few supporters, least of all among the New English planters upon whose livelihoods and profits he was encroaching. Seeking further income for the state, Wentworth, with Charles' blessing, called a parliament in 1634 for the purpose of obtaining from Ireland's inhabitants a subsidy. In its proceedings, this parliament was ingeniously contrived by Wentworth. The major factions within the voters consisted of the Old English and the New English. To the Old English, the Lord Deputy presented a choice between granting of subsidies and the establishment of recusancy fines. Further sweetening his deal, Wentworth dangled in front of their eyes the offer of statutory force for the Graces which the Catholics so desperately craved.12 On ...read more.

Conclusion

By now the name Wentworth had become closely tied with oppressive reforms, a Catholic army defending a Protestant state, and increased costs tied to an unpopular war.21 Thus, early in this new parliament, several flimsy charges of high treason were waged against Wentworth. While these charges were easily refuted, so great was Wentworth's unpopularity that on April 13 the House of Commons passed a bill of attainder calling for his execution. The bill passed through both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Fearing the consequences of terminating this bill, Charles too added his signature, sentencing Wentworth to death on May 12. In the history of Ireland, Wentworth played a difficult role. A loyal officer of the king, his goals were always his master's. This attitude of obedience, however, was often blind in its methods. While Wentworth's intentions for the people of Ireland were, oftentimes, for their own good, his methods were heavy-handed, arbitrary, and absolutist. His position as the king's servant sweetened his job none. The jobs he was tasked with were unenviable to say the least and the unpopularity resulting from his obedient and dedicated service of these jobs must have been obvious to the Crown from the beginning. The agendas set in motion by Wentworth could have worked towards Ireland's benefit, had their methods been less extreme and more benevolent. His successes, however, exacerbated the disunion between England and Ireland and within Ireland itself, a factor which contributed to England's plunge into civil war shortly after Wentworth's death. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1800-1899 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1800-1899 essays

  1. What were the causes and consequences of the Kulturkampf between Catholics and the German ...

    and this development, according to Farr, 'did most to provoke Bismarck into instituting...the Kulturkampf'9. However, as Evans points out, one should not highlight the establishment of the Centre Party as the only cause of the Kulturkampf as other political groups (such as anti clerical liberals and Protestant Conservatives)

  2. Why did the 'constitutional, gradualist route' of Gladstone's Liberal ministries fail to achieve his ...

    Gladstone's first act was the Irish Church Act of 1869, designed if not to eliminate but to soothe the resentment held by Catholic's towards the Irish Church. It was hoped that this would reduce social unrest provoked by religious discrimination.

  1. An In-depth comparison of two major Confederate Commanders: Robert. E. Lee and Braxton Bragg, ...

    However day two would fare better for the Confederate forces. Bragg divided his forces and gave half to Longstreet to command and half to Polk. The battle progressed without error until Rosecrans made a fatal one. Rosecrans was trying to strengthen his defences on his right while he sent Thomas to his left.

  2. The great famine was an ecological accident that became a human tradegy. Yhis was ...

    Walter Raleigh in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.5 Ireland boasted the perfect growing conditions for the plant which thrived in mild and damp conditions. It was an easy crop to grow, extremely nutritious and in time it was thought to have provided over 50% of the Irish population with an adequate and healthy diet.

  1. The Myth and Purpose of Modernity

    For example, in discussing the Ten Commandments with the same missionary Moshweshwe said "We did not know the God you announce to us, and we have no idea of the Sabbath; but in all the rest of your law we find nothing new" (51).

  2. 'The Victorian prison was a more 'civilized' method of punishment than hanging'

    It also doubled as a debtor's prison. Newgate was notorious for its overcrowded and unhealthy environment. There was a lack of good air or water and it was subject to frequent outbreaks of gaol fever due to the filthy and unsanitary conditions.

  1. Frederick Douglass Vs. Hamilton. Though abolitionists David Walker and Frederick Douglass both identify ...

    he describes as Jefferson?s ?writings for the world, and public labours for the United States of America,? but also for its author, who he describes as ?one of the greatest characters that ever lived among the whites? (Walker 237). Walker has a kind of reverence for Jefferson and his work

  2. Irish Nationalism. This paper will attempt to show that the Gaelic Irish revival ...

    this agreement also severed Northern Ireland from the rest of the island and preserved it in the United Kingdom. With the establishment of the Free State came a bloody civil war between two groups of Irish nationalists, whom disagreed over the continued association with Great Britain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work