• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold War Primary Source assignment: To what extent was dtente a result of the events leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis, in October 1962?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

P08254387 Mark Hardcastle Dr Kenneth Morrison Cold War Primary Source assignment: To what extent was d�tente a result of the events leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis, in October 1962 Introduction: On the 17th of April 1961 the United States conducted an invasion upon Cuba by US trained Cuban exiles and despite the skirmish ultimately becoming a failure, it lay the foundation for the Cold War's most major flash point; the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962. It was the opportunity for the Soviet Union to stage nuclear warheads within striking distance of the United States, in response to the United States placing Jupiter IRBM's in Europe, Italy as well as in Turkey. Whilst there are many contributing factors towards d�tente, most of which are intertwined in one way or another, the Cuban missile crisis and the potential mutually assured destruction (MAD) that could have followed, is considered by some as the Key factor for the the super powers agreeing terms of mutual acceptance and relatively peaceful coexistence, D�tente. Through out this assignment I shall be assessing the impact the Cuban Missile Crisis and the events that culminated in the Cuban Missile crisis had on D�tente and the significant reduction in international tension between the superpowers throughout the 1960's. D�tente: D�tente is the easing of strained relations, politically and in terms of military force. Political Background: Prior to the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962, Cuba was still one the focal points of Cold war anxiety. Off the back of the Cuban revolution where Fidel Castro and his 26th of July Movement other throw Bastista, the US backed Cuban dictator. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore the constant and high brow political pressure imposed upon both the United States and the Soviet Union to remove the missiles and or (for the United States) not to use them. In retrospect it is known that Kennedy was completely against any form of military invasion or assault, despite the recommendation from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, The US militaries leaders, who collectively agreed that an invasion upon Cuba was the best course of action. Speaking against this course of action, Kennedy stated: 'They, no more than we, can let these things go without doing something. They can't, after all their statements, permit us to take out their missiles, kill a lot of Russians and then do nothing. If they do not take action in Cuba, they certainly will in Cuba.' (Thirteen days: A memoir of the Cuban missile crisis) It was also believed at this juncture by some of the Joint Chiefs that the amount of warheads in possession of either nation could sway the balance, a notion, that Robert McNamara openly disagreed with, due to the fact the US already had 5,000 Warheads, whilst the USSR had 300. Blight, J And D, Welch- Intelligence and the Cuban missile crisis (1998) suggest that supporting the warheads in Cuba, there was also 42,000 Soviet soldiers: 'At least 42,000 soldiers along with machinery supported the warheads in Cuba.' Despite this, the strategic Air Command (SAC) as well as a mass of military units were placed on high alert to invade Cuba at short to no notice at all. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Getting MAD: Nuclear mutually assured destruction: Its origin and it's practices. D,Henry, 2000, p.18) Conclusion: In conclusion, I believe the influence the Cuban missile crisis had upon reforming policy and behaviour between the Super powers in the cold war is the first and foremost the reason for how we ever saw a period of d�tente. In kennedy's inaugural address, in 1963 Kennedy spoke out against Nuclear weapons and their uses: 'President Kennedy told Americans in June 1963, "For, in the final analysis, our most basic common link is that we all inhabit this small planet. We all breathe the same air. We all cherish our children's future. And we are all mortal.' It's reasonable to suggest that to attain a period of D�tente, first there needed to be a period of anxiety. Richard A Faulk argues that in fact, too much nannying of the arms race and weapons control was in fact what ended D�tente: 'SALT II and the nato double-track decision served to help bring an end to the d�tente period.' 'The basic principles of D�tente, its basic fundamentals, the interest in war-prevention and a balanced, controlled amnesty.' (Richard A Faulk - The New d�tente- rethinking east-west relations 1989, p.66) With out a period of aniexty, tension and potential war, the fundamentals required to force through an agreed period of d�tente are not there, therefore, without the Cuban missile crisis and one of the super powers hands being forced, it's arguable that the practice test ban and subsequent policy changes required that ushered in the period D�tente wouldn't have happened and if they did, most probably not in the medium term future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1950-1999 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1950-1999 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    A look at the Origin, Stigma/Discrimination and Government Involvement with AIDS in the United ...

    4 star(s)

    risk of sexual transmission of HIV from women to men."27 Preventing AIDS from spreading around the citizens was one of South Africa's top properties'. Instead of placing the blame on innocent people, African governments were more concerned in stopping this killer.

  2. To what extent were ideological differences the cause of the Cold War from 1941 ...

    Truman saw a straightforward choice between two alternatives; communism and democracy. Wherever communist forces were attempting to overthrow a democratically elected government the USA would take action. In practice Truman was prepared to support any government providing it was anti-communist.

  1. Cuban Missle Crisis

    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a severely embarrassing event for the young Kennedy Administration, and was the beginning of what would be a running rivalry between Kennedy and Castro. Not even a year later, in February of 1962, Kennedy enacted an economic embargo upon Cuba, an embargo that is still in effect to this day.

  2. How Successful was Soviet Foreign Policy under Khrushchev and Brezhnev

    The decision to rescue Afghanistan by quashing the insurgents who disagreed with the new socialist government's reform of traditional life in Czechoslovakia in 1979 outraged Islam and reinforced the 'anti-hegemonist' case from China. The US made the decision to withdraw from talks regarding SALT II and to boycott the Moscow Olympic Games.

  1. Explain the origins of the Cold War.

    The Soviets were unable to close the three air routes into Berlin without shooting down the Western Allies planes, which they were unwilling to do, as it would have provoked the Americans into an all out military attack. So for the next eleven months allied planes dropped several million tonnes

  2. What factors helped bring an end to the Cold War?

    The downfall of the cold war started when Ronald Reagan came into office in 1981. Reagan had two main points to develop. He wanted to cut taxes and increase military spending. He felt that the United States of America should take a confrontational approach towards Russia.

  1. To what extent was the United States responsible for the collapse of the Grand ...

    Therefore, if the Marshall Plan did increase postwar tensions this was only because of the actions already taken by the Soviet Union; without communist domination of east Europe, a plan to revive shattered economies in former warzones would not have had the degenerative effect on international relations which it evidently did have.

  2. Critically evaluate the revisionist position that it was the expansion of US power that ...

    This is because the traditionalist analysis was constructed during McCarthyism and the red scare, which explains a lack of critique of US policies and actions within their thesis. For example Schelesinger Jr asserted that the cold war was the ?brave and essential response of free men to communist aggression?[12], which highly reflects the administrations views as that time.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work