• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare Aristotle and Locke on private property. How are their views similar? different?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare Aristotle and Locke on private property. How are their views similar? different? John Locke and Aristotle agree that the issue of private property is one of numerous intricacies. However, the philosophers draw dissimilar conclusions on how the earth's land should be divided amongst people. While John Locke believed in a more individualistic approach to property ownership, Aristotle believed more firmly in a communal approach. Moreover, the two philosophers disagree on many other issues regarding property ownership, including acquirement, maintenance, and divine intervention. However there are indeed some issues regarding property rights where the two thinkers converge, particularly the issue of equity. To understand the dichotomy between John Locke and Aristotle it is best to first comprehend their respective views on property rights individually and thusly compare and contrast their thoughts. Aristotle's view on the issue of private property can be best understood in relation to the overall characterization of his thoughts. Aristotle believed that the individual was most important when discussing society as a whole. More specifically, Aristotle believed that the individual is dependant on society and vice-versa. Aristotle believed that happiness in life was achieved through public participation in society, mainly politics. ...read more.

Middle

naturally produces, and beasts it feeds, belong to mankind in common, as they are produced by the spontaneous hand of nature; and no body has originally a private dominion, exclusive of the rest of mankind, in any of them, as they are thus in their natural state: yet being given for the use of men." This relationship between man and the Earth allows private property theories to protect from environmental degradation. Locke believes that humans need to conquer nature in order to best serve mankind as a whole. Indeed he believes God intended for man to use nature to their benefit. However, Locke does decree that humans should also take great care of the Earth, as it is a divine gift. Additionally, he believes that humans should utilize Earth in an individualistic manner. This ideal also can be interpreted as supporting a more privatized, liberal approach to organized society. In this respect Locke believes that an ideal society tolerates all religious practices and an ideal government preserves its citizen's souls. Locke articulates this precisely when he states that "if there is a conflict between religion and government, one should obey the should and accept the punishment." ...read more.

Conclusion

Indeed Locke believes that the creation of currency was highly detrimental to the equating of the proper state of life for mankind. Alike to Aristotle he believes that money brings out the malevolence within humans, and that the social creation of money has hurt mankind. Specifically, Locke believes that many conflicts arise due to money, as man develops the ability to purchase another man's labor aided in the vast expansion of property ownership for the individual. This is because in purchasing labor, one man can now tend to more land that he alone could. Thusly some men are forced to work for other men rather than subsisting off of their own land, and in this respect Locke believes the "Sufficiency Proviso" is violated. Locke and Aristotle find a consensus in that money accumulation and property ownership should not be limitless. However, Locke also tries to justify the ability for all of mankind to subsist despite vast inequities of wealth. This is because private property ownership is highly productive - both in terms of production and environmental protection as people have an investment to protect. Therefore Locke appears to change his philosophy from an idealistic liberal prospective to that of a utilitarian. In doing so Locke first approaches a more Aristotelian view, but then digresses. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Philosophy and Theology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Philosophy and Theology essays

  1. Outline your interpretation of Camus' views on absurdity. Do you agree with him?

    While it may be argued that this has no bearing on whether or not the individual found meaning in their own life, I take it as granted that if someone voluntarily devotes their life to a certain cause it is because they find meaning and value in it.

  2. Famine purposes a great problem to humanity. Singer explains how famine in east Bengal ...

    So unless if this type of security is enforced, we would continue to waste aid money and lose donors. Therefore, Singer should have mentioned this critical problem with aid funds because someone could argue they do not wish to donate because of misspent aid money.

  1. Personal Identity: Locke and Hume

    While there is a stability of perceptions over the short term, and some loose association of experiences, there is no overarching continuity of "I" in reality. Hume agrees that we extend over time in actions, we begin a job and finish it some time later, and that our desires also extend in some sort of continuity over time.

  2. Descartes and Aristotle

    Further, according to Matthews, Aristotle would have probably found it natural to believe that to be alive was to be conscious as there did not even seem to be a word in his language for consciousness, and so Aristotelians made no distinction between the two concepts.

  1. Describe and assess Locke, Berkeley and Hume's empiricist approach to knowledge and the conclusions ...

    that actually exists in the world, such as our ideas of mermaids and unicorns. How do we tell just from the examination of our ideas, which ones of them ought to be considered as real, and which are only the results of our imaginations?

  2. In his writing, Aristotle claims that without friendship it is merely impossible for one ...

    There are give and takes in friendships. According to Aristotle, it is consisted of equal exchanges, regardless if it is utility, pleasantness, or goodness. But he does go on to say that there are relationships that naturally exist between two people of unequal standing.

  1. "An acceptance of the practice of abortion is incompatible with Christian belief in the ...

    : "Taken at its most basic, fertilisation brings about the emergence of a new combination of genes and the start of a new unit of biology. Everything that happens after this point is merely a process of development. The very fact that this being is a new member of the

  2. Post-Atheism: from Apophatic Theology to "Minimal Religion"

    Conversely, man feels alienated from God and, just as Camus portrayed him in his novel by the same name (L'Etranger), a stranger in relation to both God and world. This is not just the otherness of God in relation to humans, this is the divinity of otherness itself.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work