• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Did post-1945 bringing about social equality and justice?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 3: Did 'post-1945 welfare capitalism... bring about equality and social justice'? Welfare capitalism was the start to a very wide improvement of many welfare services like education, housing, health and employment. Each of these aspects contributed to the fair treatment of the nation's citizens, specifically those who had previously been underprivileged. This meant that the disabled, the sick and the unemployed were granted special benefits in order to bridge the gap between inequality in wealth and social status. As a result, welfare capitalism brought about equality and social just after World War Two. Welfare capitalism was not a new concept, but it particularly began flourishing in the 1930s. This was when the Wall Street Crash had lead to a worldwide depression and many countries were failing to climb out their damaged economies. In America, many traditionalists were adamant in allowing the economy to self-correct. Yet, as the depression worsened, John Keynes, a British economist, suggested that the states should intervene in its economies and markets. The main cause of the depression was over-production and under-consumption, but state intervention would increase consumption for its market, reducing the excessive production. This would be done be creating full employment through social security or welfare systems and by taxation. ...read more.

Middle

Only in the early 1970s did countries like Italy, Germany, Netherlands and Norway decided to thoroughly cover all risks of welfare. Despite this, an incredibly little portion of welfare was given to unemployment benefits. By 1973, unemployment levels accelerated without slowing down and funds were pulled out for pensions and healthcare. As a consequence, taxes and public service fees increased and there was a narrowing of those eligible to receive funds. The majority of people in the core states, particularly the elites, believed those in poverty to be 'undeserving' of the funds. However, welfare capitalism was designed to prevent the elite, who usually have similar political views and are of the same social class, from having too much influence over the economy. This implies that other less fortunate classes were able to obtain similar opportunities to the elite classes. This promotes equality, which is the right to be treated equally and social justice, which entitles the same rights and services as another to all citizens. Therefore, the poor and underprivileged receive opportunities in housing, health and education. The increased access to education raises the chances of employment amongst the poor. Yet, inequality climbed (except in the USA) ...read more.

Conclusion

In certain countries though, welfare capitalism only seemed to increase the inequality in wealth and incomes. However, welfare capitalism has more positive outcomes than disadvantages for multiple reasons. For one it improves healthcare and housing to uplift alleviation and living standards. Education for the underprivileged also gives them the opportunity to become employed and increase their income, which could help raise them into a wealthier social class. Since welfare capitalism specifically looked after the labour force, which comprised of the majority of the population from full employment, it assisted most of the nation. Therefore, in general, welfare capitalism brought about social justice and equality. 1416 words Reference List Armstrong, P., Glyn, A., &Harrison, J. Capitalism since World War II, London, 1984, p. 194-195 Brandes, S. Welfare Capitalism, Chicago, 2004, para 6. Retrieved from http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1332.html Dalton, Economic Systems and Society, Harmondsworth, 1987, p. 144-145, 151, 153 Galbraith, J.K. The New Industrial State, New York, 1967, p. 22 Gough, I. The Political Economy of the Welfare State, London, 1979, p. 42, 44-45, 47 Heyns, A. Social Justice and Human Rights, South Africa, 2007, p.2 Hobsbawn, E. Age of Extremes, London, 1994, p. 282-285 Lorimer, D. 'Welfare' Capitalism And Neo-Liberal Globalisayion, 15 March 2000, para. 14-15. Retrieved from http://www.greenleft.org.au/2000/397/24143 Ponting, C. The Primlico History of the Twentieth Century, London, 1999, p. 144-145, 147-150 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1920-1949 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1920-1949 essays

  1. Why and when was Germany divided? 1945

    First he talks of the division process in 1949 explaining how the fact west became known West Berlin and East Berlin became known as the soviet sector meant that "true division was now crystal clear". However he then puts forward another argument saying that the fact that in 1961 the

  2. To What Extent was Cavour dedicated to the unification of Italy

    Cavour "tried to make the king think that Garibaldi was using the royal name for a purpose which has nothing whatever to do with the monarchy19". Collier argues, "Cavour's actions in 1860 were not of a man with a desire to unify Italy20" - instead he was more interested in taking control over the actions of the protagonists.

  1. To what extent did the Tsarist and Soviet governments control and influence music in ...

    manuscript score.��35 This was clearly a grudging concession by the composer, who despised anti-Semitism in all its forms:36 "He was not a Jew, but he sympathized with the Jewish people," to quote Kirill Kondrashin who conducted the symphony's premi�re.37 In fact it is a very plausible contention that it was

  2. Why did the Labour Party win the General Election of 1945?

    socialism from the electorate, and that the Labour Party was the attractive and electable face of it. Henry Pelling and Steven Fielding have taken a different approach to the 1945 election. Pelling and Fielding focus more on anti-Conservative sentiment, rather than the popularity of socialism and the Labour Party.

  1. Why did the Wall Street Crash and subsequent Depression occur?

    Furthermore a huge contributing factor to the American Crash was the Gov. policy of "laissez faire." There was little or no Gov. supervision of the banks and no regulation was enforced. The Coolidge policy, that carried on to that of Hoover's Presidency that the only business of America was business,

  2. History of Post WWII Cleveland Indians

    They had been on the front lines, making it happen. They had helped the country prevail. Now it was their turn to run things, and they had earned their right."8 By the beginning of the 1946 season, hope was restored to the fans when thirty-two year old Bill Veeck purchased

  1. To what extent did the Second World War herald a period of social change ...

    This is because it seemed that only those who enrolled in the Women's Land Army were those who profited and benefitted from the war. Furthermore, there was an inequality where women land workers were concerned because this is seen by the way that they did not achieve equal pay.

  2. Within the context 1814 1939, to what extent could the Wall Street Crash ...

    also had to bear the costs of an occupation which was to remain till the indemnity was paid.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work