• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explanation of moral absolutism ethics

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A) Explain what is meant by moral absolutism. Moral absolutism is an ethical theory which believes that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judged, and that certain actions are either right or wrong. Moral absolutists might, for example, judge slavery, war, dictatorship, the death penalty, or child abuse to be absolutely immoral regardless of the beliefs of a culture that engages in these practices. Moral absolutism adopts the theory that certain actions are moral or immoral regardless of the circumstances in which they occur. Absolutists consider that the ten commandments, found in the book of Exodus, are rules which should never be broken no matter what. For example one of the commandments found in Exodus 20:13 is "Thou shall not kill" and absolutists believe that this rule should never be broken. They would not even agree with the murder of one person, such as a terrorist, in order to save an entire nation. ...read more.

Middle

Deontology is sometimes described as "duty" or "obligation" based ethics, because deontologists believe that ethical rules "bind you to your duty". For example a teacher is bind to their duty to each their pupils and parents are behind to their duty to look after and raise their children. Deontological ethics is often contrasted with teleological ethical theories, which believe that the correctness of an action is determined by its consequences. For instance some theologists may consider lying to be acceptable in certain circumstances. A good example is stealing, theologists may feel that it is ok for the poor and needy to steal small items from shops who are making millions of pounds profit each year, this is because the poor and needy are gaining a lot yet the shop isn't losing much. However some people also say that there is a big difference between deontological ethics and moral absolutism. Deontologists who are also moral absolutists believe that some actions are wrong no matter what consequences follow them. ...read more.

Conclusion

Moral objectivism is then another ethical theory which claims that certain acts are objectively right or wrong, independent of human opinion. That is, the view that the 'moral facts' are like 'physical' facts in that what the facts are does not depend on what anyone thinks they are. In general objectivist theories tend to come in two sorts the first is a duty based theory (Deontological) - these theories claim that what determines whether an act is morally right or wrong is the kind of act it is. There are then consequentialist theories (Teleological) - these claim that what determines an act is morally right or wrong are its consequences. For example people may not lie simply because of the kind of act that is - bad and it is also going against a main moral rule. However if they were to discover that the consequence would be good such as saving a life, they may look on it differently through the consequentialist theory. In conclusion; I feel that I have discovered the many different types of moral absolutism that there is and it's real meaning. Michael Magill ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Philosophy and Theology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Philosophy and Theology essays

  1. Describe the main features of moral absolutism.

    Furthermore, a relativist would firmly believe that culture, time, space and religion all contribute to the belief of moral truths. The renowned philosopher, Plato (428-347 BC), is classified as an ethical absolutist and believed that moral absolutes such as goodness and justice existed in some other way and form, which were beyond the normal perceptions of our world.

  2. Explain what is meant by a natural law approach to ethics.

    Today the Roman Catholic Church uses the views that were adopted from Aquinas. They believe that Christian faith could be shown to be not just a matter of blind faith, but reasonable and logical, fit for intelligent people. For example the church reject the idea of abortion, as although the

  1. Knowing what ethics is and what makes up the study of ethics centers around ...

    Many use religion or use the law to give guidance as to ethical behavior. Ultimately, ethical is a relative term not easily defined. Knowing what ethics is and what makes up the study of ethics centers around understanding ethical behavior.

  2. "A critical discussion on the ethics of abortion?"

    Though according to the pro-abortionist the fetus is only a bit of tissue, until birth when it becomes a person with rights. However to determine the moral status of abortion you must distinguish what attributes are needed to be a member of the moral community, what does it means to be a person with rights?

  1. A Critical Review and Comparison of the Decalogue and the First Two Commandments.

    Moses pleads with him, asking for directions to give the exiled Israelites in order to live the way the Lord wants them to. The Commandments were given to Moses and he returns to the Jewish people camped at the base of the mountain and tells them God has spoken to him and has given him specific instructions.

  2. Why Should I be moral?

    Take young children for an example, they demand to have everything that they want and it is only the influence of parents upon them that restricts their habits. Over time we learn that this seems to be the better way to prosper in this world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work