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Federation was the beginning of Australias history as one united nation. The notion of Federation first surfaced in the 1840s and 60s.

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  • Essay length: 1356 words
  • Submitted: 02/08/2011
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University Degree 1900-1919

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Federation was the beginning of Australia's history as one united nation. The notion of Federation first surfaced in the 1840s and 60s. Federation can be defined as the unification of six colonies under a common national Parliament and thereby creating one national state1. Federation officially occurred on January 1st 1901, with six colonies joining together and creating a commonwealth which symbolised the powerful unity of shared wealth and defence system. In 1891, the federation convention first drafted the constitution of the Australian Commonwealth2. As with many other ideas throughout history Federation gave way to both opposition and support. This idea is said to have derived from a number of different reasons. These reasons include; Australia's defence and foreign policy; the issue of immigration; and economic unity to include transport, trade and tax.

One of the first key reasons put forward for federation was Australia's defence policy. During the late 1800s, Australia became especially concerned with its close position to neighbouring foreign powers; the 'threat' from Asia and imperial forces. At this time the states within Australia were all working as independent nations and each had their own defence forces. However it soon became evident that each of these

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