Firstly it is important to assess Charles's failure to defeat the Covenanters in the First Bishops' War of 1639. David Scott states that 'the Scot's military preparations were more than matched by the King's own ? at least on paper'. This is true to an extent as Charles and his advisers drew up an extensive war plan for the campaign against the Covenanters. The marquess of Hamilton was to launch an amphibious assault on Scotland's eastern coast, the Earl of Strafford was to raise ten thousand men in Ireland and Charles himself was to march an English Army to the
Traditionalist historians such as Edmund Morgan put forward the view that the poor quality of the settlers was the main reason for the problems suffered at Virginia. While clearly some of the problems suffered at Jamestown can be blamed on the settlers, there are also other more significant reasons for the problems faced by the colonists at the settlement such as drought. The main themes which will be assessed in this essay are malnourishment and starvation in Virginia, the quality of the governance of Jamestown and the relationship between the English colonists and the local Native American tribes of Virginia.
Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.
Do they use key words from the title or question?
Do they answer the question directly?
Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
"In conclusion, the Army was the "mainspring of the Revolution and the force that deterred more radical change". However, an ongoing bad relationship between King and Parliament influenced this. If their disagreements and arguments had not reached stalemate, perhaps the Army would not have become such a politicized force.
The Army deterred social radicals though. Groups such as the Puritans, Presbyterians, the Levellers and the Diggers all failed to gain complete control even though they did try. The Army intervened by using force and stop radical succeeding: "This was a revolution in that it involved a change of a political system by force" (Christopher Hill). This quote sums up the situation completely. The political system was changed due to the force of the New Model Army.
Finally, the English Revolution had took place and though the Monarch was restored in 1660, "there could be no question of putting it back to where it had stood before the Civil War" (R.C Richardson), due to the actions of the New Model Army sparking off and making a Revolution inevitable."
"In conclusion it can be seen that to a certain extent it is not entirely fair to assume that the future of the Bourbon Monarchy was doomed from the start. This was because despite the events that occurred during 1814-15 the economic and social aspects of France outweighed these. It is certain that the election of Louis XVIII was not a very good idea because even though he did make some changes, these did not pacify the people and due to his bad personality he was not well respected as a leader. This will have led to people questioning the future of the Bourbon Monarchy, but it will not have been definitely said that it was doomed for failure."
"In conclusion, Wilkinson states that Louis' 'success doomed him.' To an extent this is true. It supports his theory of 'Dragon's teeth' being laid as the success that Louis had in capturing land and attempting to secure his North-Eastern frontier laid the 'Dragon's teeth' and therefore turned many powers on him. Some of these new enemies did turn on him from Louis actions, however some powers turned on him through fear. Although Louis may have caused problems for which he will be accounted for later, he did make a considerable mark on European politics in the years 1661-1684.
Alex Lawson 5/2/07 1204"
Marked by a teacher
This document has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read
the full teachers notes when you download the document.
This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay
reviewing squad. Read the full review on the document page.
This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student document
reviewing squad. Read the full review under the document preview on this page.