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University Degree: 1800-1899

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 3
  1. Marked by a teacher

    One of the most controversial issues of British Economic History is the living standards during the industrial revolution. ''Pessimists'' against ''optimists'' oppose their ideas about whether the standards of living during the industrial revolution impro

    4 star(s)

    For example, could an increase of 20% in real wages,offset a loss of 20% in political rights?In other words,was the significance of real wages in the early 19th and late 18th century the same with nowadays? Real wages One of the most typical and predicted ways to estimate the standards of living, is the evaluation of real wages. Williamson argued strongly that real wages increased especially after 1820 for the workers, as a compensation for the harsh conditions that experienced during the their transition from rural to urban areas.

    • Word count: 2216
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why did British agriculture decline after 1870?

    4 star(s)

    Such an approach would only be taken if the increased productivity would justify this higher expenditure. For this to be the case the inputs required had to be cheap and their applications produce a remarkable rise in yield as well as the prices for produce remaining high. In the first half of the nineteenth century there are indications that this was the case: Limits on an intensification of British agriculture were no longer present.2 British agriculture was undoubtedly in a strong position by 1870 yet in the two decades which followed this a marked decline in agriculture can be seen.

    • Word count: 2243
  3. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent did the idea of a separate sphere(TM) of life for women become eroded in the period 1870-1914?

    4 star(s)

    It is only then that definitive factors, such as marriage legislation and employment, can be properly contextualised and understood, and the underlying concept appropriately analysed. The most obvious factor behind 'separate spheres' is difference. Having cross referenced a number of historical texts, there are two texts in particular that stand out, and unsurprisingly they contradict each other. In Ruth Adam's 'A Woman's Place 1910-1975', she interprets this difference in terms of men and women's roles. We can infer from her text that there was no such thing as two different worlds as there was only one world and that was 'a man's world'5.

    • Word count: 2529

Conclusion analysis

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How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "Critically examine the concept of embourgeisement and assess the extent to which this has take place in modern Britain."

    "I totally agree with Lockwood and Fiona Devine' view that embourgeoisement had not taken place. According to Marxist perspectives of social stratification, there are two major social groups: a ruling class and a subject class. The power of the ruling class comes from its ownership and control of the means of production. The ruling class exploits and oppresses the subject class. The middle class, although they have high wages, they are wage maker. I think that the middle class are still working class, because they do not own the mean of production and I said in last paragraph which the "middle class" is an ideological illusion. The theories of "embourgeoisement"are aimed at concealing the actual proletarianization of the so-called "middle class". The influent workers and "middle class" are becoming heterogeneous, although they have largely different. The process of "embourgeoisement" or proletarianization will make working class more powerful and solidarity. In conclusion, the "embourgeoisement" is taking place rather than taken place."

  • To What Extent Was Bismarck Responsible For The Unification Of Germany In1871

    "Bismarck is undoubtedly a very significant factor in the Unification of Germany in 1871. This is shown by his skill in manipulating incidents such as the wars against France and Austria. However it would be incorrect to say that Bismarck was solely responsible for the unification of Germany because there were other factors that also aided unification, for example the Zollverein. Also Bismarck made no efforts to stop some of the deep rooted divisions which prevented unification such as the In conclusion Despite Bismarck's important role in German unification there were other factors, apart from those created by Bismarck, that were equally important."

  • Discuss the development and popularity of the seaside holiday during the course of the 19th century.

    "To conclude the seaside holiday began at the beginning of the 19th century and were mainly enjoyed by royalty and the aristocracy. Later the middle classes joined in and with the introduction of holiday days from work and low train fares towards the end of the 19th century the working classes started to enjoy the seaside holiday."

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