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University Degree: 1800-1899
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- Marked by Teachers essays 3
Why did nineteenth-century radicals such as Robert Owen and Alfred Russel Wallace, embrace the philosophy of spiritualism?
wrote on many social and political topics including his support for women?s suffrage, the wastefulness of militarism and his opposition to eugenics. In the late 60s and 70s, Wallace himself was experiencing financial struggles and was concerned about the financial security of his family. In this respect, it is likely that he had a sense of sympathy for other working-class people ? furthering his socialist perspective. Like Wallace, Owen was also a socialist. He argued for the subordination of machinery and devised his own ideals for a utopian society called New Harmony, composing of communities of around 500 to 3000
- Word count: 1480
Open University. What evidence is there in the extract above of the three explanations for Chartisms support that you learned about in Block2, Unit 2,
Economic circumstances were one of the main issues of Chartism. 1839 was a year of economic downturn which mainly affected the poor and working class and it often led to many riots and protests across the country. During times of economic hardship Chartist support was at its height (Rostow?s Graph of social tension, The Open University, 2013, Block2, pg. 36). Quotes from the speech: ?destitution in horrid form?, ?its insufficiency of food? and ?the toll of the death bell-over famished victim of monopoly? highlights the appalling working and living conditions which caused death, starvation and often led to crime.
- Word count: 935