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Looking at the Babylon's Society during Hummurabi's regime by analyzing the Code of Hammurabi.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To: Professor E. L. Chan Fm: Lee Sun wah Hermony (student number 020012) Contact telephone number (81028818) CLASS: General Western History TOPIC Looking at the Babylon's Society during Hummurabi's regime by analyzing the Code of Hammurabi CONTENTS TOPIC 1 Looking at the Babylon's Society during Hummurabi's regime by analyzing the Code of Hammurabi 1 Introduction 3 Background 3 Research Problem: 3 Objective: 3 Methodology: 3 Approach: 3 Remarks/Legends: 3 B. Hammurabi & his Codes 4 C. Political Aspect 4 God 4 Offence of God 4 God be the Judge 4 God be the Witness 5 God be the Final Resort 5 The King 5 Offence to the King 5 King being Ultimate Beneficiary 5 King being Setter of Standards 6 The Elders 6 D. Economical Aspect 6 Introduction 6 Gold Standard 6 Agriculture Industries 7 Agricultural 7 Role of Ox 7 Types of corps 7 Herd Raising 8 Commerce 8 Unit 8 Money 8 Occupation 9 Trading 10 Banking 11 Forms of contract 11 E. Sociological Aspect 11 Social Structure 11 Social Class 12 F. Appendix: The Code of Humurrabi 14 Introduction Background Hammurabi is amongst the famous rulers in the Ancient Babylon. The discovery of the Hammurabi Code and the legal principle it has on the western legal system is vital in many respect. In fact, scrutinizing the code in details reveals a lot of legal principles tablete I the code is still widely adopted in many cotinential legal systems. The Code is now recognized the oldest proved legal piece. The introduction of the Code in the Ancient Babylon brings stability and rapid growth in those days. The author is interested to look at the society of the Ancient Babylon as revealed in the code. Research Problem: 1. how did the ancient society look like? Objective: 1. To understand the society of Ancient Babylon by studying the code of Hammurabi. Areas of focus are: a. ...read more.

Middle

59. If any man, without the knowledge of the owner of a garden, fell a tree in a garden he shall pay half a mina in money. 60. If any one give over a field to a gardener, for him to plant it as a garden, if he work at it, and care for it for four years, in the fifth year the owner and the gardener shall divide it, the owner taking his part in charge. 61. If the gardener has not completed the planting of the field, leaving one part unused, this shall be assigned to him as his. 62. If he do not plant the field that was given over to him as a garden, if it be arable land (for corn or sesame) the gardener shall pay the owner the produce of the field for the years that he let it lie fallow, according to the product of neighboring fields, put the field in arable condition and return it to its owner. 63. If he transform waste land into arable fields and return it to its owner, the latter shall pay him for one year ten gur for ten gan. 64. If any one hand over his garden to a gardener to work, the gardener shall pay to its owner two-thirds of the produce of the garden, for so long as he has it in possession, and the other third shall he keep. 65. If the gardener do not work in the garden and the product fall off, the gardener shall pay in proportion to other neighboring gardens. 100. ... interest for the money, as much as he has received, he shall give a note therefor, and on the day, when they settle, pay to the merchant. 101. If there are no mercantile arrangements in the place whither he went, he shall leave the entire amount of money which he received with the broker to give to the merchant. ...read more.

Conclusion

If any one hire a day laborer, he shall pay him from the New Year until the fifth month (April to August, when days are long and the work hard) six gerahs in money per day; from the sixth month to the end of the year he shall give him five gerahs per day. 274. If any one hire a skilled artizan, he shall pay as wages of the ... five gerahs, as wages of the potter five gerahs, of a tailor five gerahs, of ... gerahs, ... of a ropemaker four gerahs, of ... gerahs, of a mason ... gerahs per day. 275. If any one hire a ferryboat, he shall pay three gerahs in money per day. 276. If he hire a freight-boat, he shall pay two and one-half gerahs per day. 277. If any one hire a ship of sixty gur, he shall pay one-sixth of a shekel in money as its hire per day. 278. If any one buy a male or female slave, and before a month has elapsed the benu-disease be developed, he shall return the slave to the seller, and receive the money which he had paid. 279. If any one buy a male or female slave, and a third party claim it, the seller is liable for the claim. 280. If while in a foreign country a man buy a male or female slave belonging to another of his own country; if when he return home the owner of the male or female slave recognize it: if the male or female slave be a native of the country, he shall give them back without any money 281. If they are from another country, the buyer shall declare the amount of money paid therefor to the merchant, and keep the male or female slave. 282. If a slave say to his master: "You are not my master," if they convict him his master shall cut off his ear. Hermony Lee ? 3 ? 12/17/2002 021214-the code2 ...read more.

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