• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Philosopher comparison chart

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THINKER Burke Marx MLK Malcolm X De Gouges WollstoneCraft Mill CLASSIFICATION Conservative Socialist Radical Radical Liberal Liberal Liberal HISTORICAL TIME PERIOD 18th century 19th century 20th century 20th century 18th century 18th century 19th century HISTORICAL CONTEXT -French Revolution -End of enlightenment - Books: "reflections on the revolution in Fr" -England -Industrial Revolution -Rise of factories -Decline of agrarian economy -Class divisions between owners of factories (bourgeoisie) and wage earners (proletariat) -American civil rights movement -letter from Birmingham jail - reasons for why this happened in 1950s: 1. migration of blacks country --> city 2. WWII against racism 3. TV showed the reality of the situation Same as MLK Besides his work is called -The ballet or the bullet - her book: Declaration the Rights of Women and Citizens -reasons for why it happened now: -Spirit of the age econ dev. Indust rev. (rise of factories) no sexual division of labor -right after fr. ...read more.

Middle

-christ notion of universal love -non-violent resistance -all Christians, black and white are capable of universal love - -separatist (races have to be separate) -emphasizes that blacks can do civil rights movement themselves -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -idea of women being mentally weak comes from socialization, not from actual truth -ppl have natural rights -discusses issue of authenticity -all human beings are rational but we are also fallible (386) PURPOSE OF STATE -keep order -restrain and suppress individual passion because people are irrational -basis of government not based on abstract ideas, metaphysical rights but on experience of past (353) ...read more.

Conclusion

women -both sexes can rule -to have legitimacy, the govt must include the people -popular sovereignty--> the people decide who should rule--> monarchs, nobles + clergy are agents of tyranny -mill supports limited democracy with safeguards that prevent the majority from infringing on nights of minority (379-380) INDIVIDUAL VS. COMMUNITY -people do not have natural rights --> do not exist -natural rights are abstract ideas made by intellectuals -people cannot choose gov. -community over individual -community has a sense of history -community: favors the happiness and equality of the community over individual wealth and happiness -individual rights of women and men should be the same -women educated -individual rights of women--> some rights as men -women educated -community--> everyone should have free education where both sexes have education together -support for individual rights -harm principle --> the community can only infringe upon the individuals rights if the individual causes physical or economic harm -sanctity of the individual-no one can tell the individual what to do-but you can argue and persuade him ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Philosophy and Theology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Philosophy and Theology essays

  1. Descartes' classification of thoughts.

    Descartes has ideas in his mind of God, of himself and of corporeal things. Descartes himself could have caused the ideas of corporeal things since they represent finite substance, or modes of the substance of body, because he too, as a thinking thing, is a finite substance.

  2. Philosophy - Panpsychism vs Emergentism

    It lies on the principle by which the simplest psychological features come together to form complex minds. James puts forth the idea that panpsychism faces its own problem of emergence, of how consciousness can be created, or that it can emerge.

  1. Camus and Sartre: Principle vs. Pragmatism in Revolutionary Action

    Conceding the potential final end to their friendship Sartre begins his reply by stating "[o]ur friendship was not easy, but I will miss it" (131). Sartre then weighs in with a personal characterization of Camus, saying he will speak bluntly because, "the mixture of dreary complacency and vulnerability that typifies [Camus] always discouraged people from telling [him] unvarnished truths" (132).

  2. Religion and Resistance in the Nazi Regime

    a statement made by the Lutherans to the other churches: Through God's intercession, our beloved German Fatherland has experienced a mighty exaltation. In this turning point in history we hear, as faithful evangelical Christians, the call of God to a closing of ranks and a return, the call also for a single German Evangelical Church....

  1. Universalism of Human Rights

    These institutions represent the shift that is happening, they are working towards global equality, and they are potentially the organisations that can implement this. The views they represent through their charters and declarations are potentially valid for all people, this is at least the intention behind them.

  2. Women in Plato's Republic - The Women of an Ideal State

    the same sort to live with them and share their guardianship, seeing that they are adequate for the task and akin to men in nature."23 It would have been entirely possible for Plato to simply include females in the 'community of wives and children,' without granting them the position of

  1. Plato's Republic vs. Locke's 'A letter concerning toleration'

    Locke is adamant on the fact that every church is as much a church as any other church, as long as it extends toleration to other churches. (Locke, 33) In this way, Locke seeks to replace religious warfare with peaceful toleration.

  2. Is the Dispossessed a Utopia?

    future can be projected for them other than a larger or purer version of what they already have' (Davis 2005:34). Often in utopias, a visitor's doubts are all quickly overcome, which seems to promise a disturbingly final resolution of all remaining conflict, questioning, and unhappiness.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work