• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Philosopher comparison chart

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THINKER Burke Marx MLK Malcolm X De Gouges WollstoneCraft Mill CLASSIFICATION Conservative Socialist Radical Radical Liberal Liberal Liberal HISTORICAL TIME PERIOD 18th century 19th century 20th century 20th century 18th century 18th century 19th century HISTORICAL CONTEXT -French Revolution -End of enlightenment - Books: "reflections on the revolution in Fr" -England -Industrial Revolution -Rise of factories -Decline of agrarian economy -Class divisions between owners of factories (bourgeoisie) and wage earners (proletariat) -American civil rights movement -letter from Birmingham jail - reasons for why this happened in 1950s: 1. migration of blacks country --> city 2. WWII against racism 3. TV showed the reality of the situation Same as MLK Besides his work is called -The ballet or the bullet - her book: Declaration the Rights of Women and Citizens -reasons for why it happened now: -Spirit of the age econ dev. Indust rev. (rise of factories) no sexual division of labor -right after fr. ...read more.

Middle

-christ notion of universal love -non-violent resistance -all Christians, black and white are capable of universal love - -separatist (races have to be separate) -emphasizes that blacks can do civil rights movement themselves -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -idea of women being mentally weak comes from socialization, not from actual truth -ppl have natural rights -discusses issue of authenticity -all human beings are rational but we are also fallible (386) PURPOSE OF STATE -keep order -restrain and suppress individual passion because people are irrational -basis of government not based on abstract ideas, metaphysical rights but on experience of past (353) ...read more.

Conclusion

women -both sexes can rule -to have legitimacy, the govt must include the people -popular sovereignty--> the people decide who should rule--> monarchs, nobles + clergy are agents of tyranny -mill supports limited democracy with safeguards that prevent the majority from infringing on nights of minority (379-380) INDIVIDUAL VS. COMMUNITY -people do not have natural rights --> do not exist -natural rights are abstract ideas made by intellectuals -people cannot choose gov. -community over individual -community has a sense of history -community: favors the happiness and equality of the community over individual wealth and happiness -individual rights of women and men should be the same -women educated -individual rights of women--> some rights as men -women educated -community--> everyone should have free education where both sexes have education together -support for individual rights -harm principle --> the community can only infringe upon the individuals rights if the individual causes physical or economic harm -sanctity of the individual-no one can tell the individual what to do-but you can argue and persuade him ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Philosophy and Theology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Philosophy and Theology essays

  1. Descartes' classification of thoughts.

    As an infinite substance, the idea of God has the most objective reality of any idea, and thus has far more objective reality than he has formal reality. If Descartes' idea of God is an effect, it has the most objective or representational reality of any idea.

  2. Camus and Sartre: Principle vs. Pragmatism in Revolutionary Action

    Sartre's response to Camus, however, would prove more vicious and direct than the one issued by Jeanson. In the same August 1952 issue of Les temps modernes that printed Camus' response to Jeanson, Sartre issued his response to Camus in a pieced titled "Reply to Albert Camus" (R�ponse � Albert Camus).

  1. Religion and Resistance in the Nazi Regime

    an effort to deal more efficiently with all of these different groups, Hitler suggested that the Protestant churches elect or appoint a national bishop of sorts who would sit in the religious affairs department of the national government. This idea was met with ecstatic approval, as can be seen in

  2. Women in Plato's Republic - The Women of an Ideal State

    would spread until eventually they became the basis of the population.22 It is not necessarily this, as Plato's idea, that was as revolutionary as the promotion of women to the same level of guardians as their male counter-parts. "Then women of this sort must be chosen along with men of

  1. The Role of Women in the Church.

    This does not seem well attested. Old Testament Authority Structures The Patriarchs, Judges, Kings, Priests and Prophets were almost all male, and the rule of women was a sign of God's judgement (Isaiah 3:12). There are a handful of exceptions. Among the Judges there was Deborah.

  2. Plato's Republic vs. Locke's 'A letter concerning toleration'

    (Locke 33) Locke gives as an example a reading from Matthew, which states that 'wheresoever two or three are gathered together in his Name, he will be in the midst of them.' (Locke, 29). Since a church cannot coerce anyone into being pious or sincere, then it must be a voluntary organization.

  1. Universalism of Human Rights

    Both the UN and EU have documents to determine and protect human rights worldwide7. However, these organisations could easily be perceived as western institutions trying to impose their ideals upon the rest of the world. In some sense, although these organisations are expanding continuously, they misrepresent the idea of an

  2. Is the Dispossessed a Utopia?

    In addition, any portrayal of a good society will more than likely vary from author to author, being a matter not just of personal taste, but of the issues which appear to be important to different social groups, either in the same society or in different historical circumstances.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work