• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Philosopher comparison chart

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THINKER Burke Marx MLK Malcolm X De Gouges WollstoneCraft Mill CLASSIFICATION Conservative Socialist Radical Radical Liberal Liberal Liberal HISTORICAL TIME PERIOD 18th century 19th century 20th century 20th century 18th century 18th century 19th century HISTORICAL CONTEXT -French Revolution -End of enlightenment - Books: "reflections on the revolution in Fr" -England -Industrial Revolution -Rise of factories -Decline of agrarian economy -Class divisions between owners of factories (bourgeoisie) and wage earners (proletariat) -American civil rights movement -letter from Birmingham jail - reasons for why this happened in 1950s: 1. migration of blacks country --> city 2. WWII against racism 3. TV showed the reality of the situation Same as MLK Besides his work is called -The ballet or the bullet - her book: Declaration the Rights of Women and Citizens -reasons for why it happened now: -Spirit of the age econ dev. Indust rev. (rise of factories) no sexual division of labor -right after fr. ...read more.

Middle

-christ notion of universal love -non-violent resistance -all Christians, black and white are capable of universal love - -separatist (races have to be separate) -emphasizes that blacks can do civil rights movement themselves -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -idea of women being mentally weak comes from socialization, not from actual truth -ppl have natural rights -discusses issue of authenticity -all human beings are rational but we are also fallible (386) PURPOSE OF STATE -keep order -restrain and suppress individual passion because people are irrational -basis of government not based on abstract ideas, metaphysical rights but on experience of past (353) ...read more.

Conclusion

women -both sexes can rule -to have legitimacy, the govt must include the people -popular sovereignty--> the people decide who should rule--> monarchs, nobles + clergy are agents of tyranny -mill supports limited democracy with safeguards that prevent the majority from infringing on nights of minority (379-380) INDIVIDUAL VS. COMMUNITY -people do not have natural rights --> do not exist -natural rights are abstract ideas made by intellectuals -people cannot choose gov. -community over individual -community has a sense of history -community: favors the happiness and equality of the community over individual wealth and happiness -individual rights of women and men should be the same -women educated -individual rights of women--> some rights as men -women educated -community--> everyone should have free education where both sexes have education together -support for individual rights -harm principle --> the community can only infringe upon the individuals rights if the individual causes physical or economic harm -sanctity of the individual-no one can tell the individual what to do-but you can argue and persuade him ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Philosophy and Theology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Philosophy and Theology essays

  1. Descartes' classification of thoughts.

    Ideas may, for example, represent 1) infinite substance (God), 2) finite substance (mind, body), 3) attributes, or 4) modes. These ideas, though having equal formal reality, have different objective realities. Objective reality refers to the ranking of ideas according to the amount of reality the ideas represent.

  2. Philosophy - Panpsychism vs Emergentism

    The issue of causal closure of the physical is another argument that proves to be problematic for panpsychists. The physical world seems to be complete in the causal sense; every event has a purely physical determining cause. If mental properties were to be included in the fundamental entities of the

  1. Camus and Sartre: Principle vs. Pragmatism in Revolutionary Action

    Both Sartre and Jeanson believed that Camus' metaphysical rebellion was simply not enough; that it yielded no clear results for its practitioner other than a perpetually "pointless confrontation with [the absurd]" (95). Evaluation In light of the historic political events surrounding Camus and Sartre, as well their exchanges in Les

  2. Religion and Resistance in the Nazi Regime

    However, he eventually fell to pressures from the state, which led to the concession of the church's principles, and a condoning of the Reich as a means of appeasement.13 Within a short time, the Protestants officially relented in a declaration, the last sentence of which was: "The assembled church leaders

  1. Universalism of Human Rights

    human rights as it goes beyond the scope of universal basic needs. The Universal Declaration, however, does take some differences of culture into account. The articles are vaguely stated; they indicate what should be enforced but not how to enforce it.

  2. Women in Plato's Republic - The Women of an Ideal State

    Initially, it would be acceptable for a reader of Book V to be overwhelmed by Plato's apparent generosity toward females, stating their necessity in the kallipolis as guardians. To Plato, it was clear that conventional marriage and women in her traditional role as guardian of the private household was intimately

  1. Plato's Republic vs. Locke's 'A letter concerning toleration'

    Plato In The Republic, religion poses a challenge for politics in the form of misguidance from the just way of life and the goal of the perfect city.

  2. Is the Dispossessed a Utopia?

    However, this leads to the vast majority of literary utopias being static states, devoid of processes tending to upset them or change their design. Davis argues that even the so-called "dynamic" utopias of such late nineteenth-century or early twentieth-century utopian writers as Bellamy, Gilman, and Wells are unconvincing, because 'no

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work