• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Philosopher comparison chart

Extracts from this document...


THINKER Burke Marx MLK Malcolm X De Gouges WollstoneCraft Mill CLASSIFICATION Conservative Socialist Radical Radical Liberal Liberal Liberal HISTORICAL TIME PERIOD 18th century 19th century 20th century 20th century 18th century 18th century 19th century HISTORICAL CONTEXT -French Revolution -End of enlightenment - Books: "reflections on the revolution in Fr" -England -Industrial Revolution -Rise of factories -Decline of agrarian economy -Class divisions between owners of factories (bourgeoisie) and wage earners (proletariat) -American civil rights movement -letter from Birmingham jail - reasons for why this happened in 1950s: 1. migration of blacks country --> city 2. WWII against racism 3. TV showed the reality of the situation Same as MLK Besides his work is called -The ballet or the bullet - her book: Declaration the Rights of Women and Citizens -reasons for why it happened now: -Spirit of the age econ dev. Indust rev. (rise of factories) no sexual division of labor -right after fr. ...read more.


-christ notion of universal love -non-violent resistance -all Christians, black and white are capable of universal love - -separatist (races have to be separate) -emphasizes that blacks can do civil rights movement themselves -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -idea of women being mentally weak comes from socialization, not from actual truth -ppl have natural rights -discusses issue of authenticity -all human beings are rational but we are also fallible (386) PURPOSE OF STATE -keep order -restrain and suppress individual passion because people are irrational -basis of government not based on abstract ideas, metaphysical rights but on experience of past (353) ...read more.


women -both sexes can rule -to have legitimacy, the govt must include the people -popular sovereignty--> the people decide who should rule--> monarchs, nobles + clergy are agents of tyranny -mill supports limited democracy with safeguards that prevent the majority from infringing on nights of minority (379-380) INDIVIDUAL VS. COMMUNITY -people do not have natural rights --> do not exist -natural rights are abstract ideas made by intellectuals -people cannot choose gov. -community over individual -community has a sense of history -community: favors the happiness and equality of the community over individual wealth and happiness -individual rights of women and men should be the same -women educated -individual rights of women--> some rights as men -women educated -community--> everyone should have free education where both sexes have education together -support for individual rights -harm principle --> the community can only infringe upon the individuals rights if the individual causes physical or economic harm -sanctity of the individual-no one can tell the individual what to do-but you can argue and persuade him ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Philosophy and Theology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Philosophy and Theology essays

  1. Existentialism - a philosophical movement that developed during the 19th and 20th centuries

    Vladimir and Estragon returned to the same place each day to wait for Godot and encounter the same basic people each day. Godot's messenger does not recognize Vladimir and Estragon from day to day. This suggests that the people we meet today are not the same as they were yesterday and will not be the same tomorrow.

  2. Universalism of Human Rights

    The main problem that universalism is faces with is the cultural perspective that is almost innate in all human beings. Almost all human beings wish to belong to a culture and they are deeply supportive of their culture even though it may support human rights violations.

  1. Has anyone proved to your satisfaction that induction is rational or that it is ...

    Goodman argues that our ordinary inductive practices can lead us to draw inconsistent conclusions from the very same observational evidence. If induction does licence inconsistent conclusions in this way, then it can hardly be a good form of argument and can be seen to be irrational.

  2. Women in Plato's Republic - The Women of an Ideal State

    London, England: Macmillan, 1901. pg 34 12 Plato. Republic (Grube/Reeve Translation). Indianapolis, United States of America: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 1992. (454d) 13 Forde, Steven. "Gender and Justice in Plato" American Political Science Review. 92.3 (September 1997) Online. 18 October 2004. <http://www.jstor.org.proxy.lib.uwo.ca> pg 670 14 White, Nicholas P.

  1. Plato's Republic vs. Locke's 'A letter concerning toleration'

    Locke is adamant that everybody has individual rights that are protected by the government from the coercion of church sects. The churches are viewed as various clubs that one could join voluntarily.

  2. Is the Dispossessed a Utopia?

    In addition, any portrayal of a good society will more than likely vary from author to author, being a matter not just of personal taste, but of the issues which appear to be important to different social groups, either in the same society or in different historical circumstances.

  1. Egalitarianism accentuates inequality

    welfare whilst giving greater weight to the worst off- might advance the argument of sufficiency: instead of worrying about fairness per se, society should provide for everyoneâs needs. Equality is of secondary importance.

  2. Essay on MLK's Letter from Birmingham Jail for Philosophy Class

    King appeals to the emotional connection the vast majority of Americans felt towards the Bible and its stories, and increases respect for King's cause. King also manages to give the audience a feeling of the grandeur of injustice by indirectly comparing himself to Jesus and his apostles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work