• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Philosopher comparison chart

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THINKER Burke Marx MLK Malcolm X De Gouges WollstoneCraft Mill CLASSIFICATION Conservative Socialist Radical Radical Liberal Liberal Liberal HISTORICAL TIME PERIOD 18th century 19th century 20th century 20th century 18th century 18th century 19th century HISTORICAL CONTEXT -French Revolution -End of enlightenment - Books: "reflections on the revolution in Fr" -England -Industrial Revolution -Rise of factories -Decline of agrarian economy -Class divisions between owners of factories (bourgeoisie) and wage earners (proletariat) -American civil rights movement -letter from Birmingham jail - reasons for why this happened in 1950s: 1. migration of blacks country --> city 2. WWII against racism 3. TV showed the reality of the situation Same as MLK Besides his work is called -The ballet or the bullet - her book: Declaration the Rights of Women and Citizens -reasons for why it happened now: -Spirit of the age econ dev. Indust rev. (rise of factories) no sexual division of labor -right after fr. ...read more.

Middle

-christ notion of universal love -non-violent resistance -all Christians, black and white are capable of universal love - -separatist (races have to be separate) -emphasizes that blacks can do civil rights movement themselves -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -All humans, whether men or women are rational -Reject ideas of previous thinkers that women are weak by nature (intellectually) -there is an inequality physically, but not mentally -idea of women being mentally weak comes from socialization, not from actual truth -ppl have natural rights -discusses issue of authenticity -all human beings are rational but we are also fallible (386) PURPOSE OF STATE -keep order -restrain and suppress individual passion because people are irrational -basis of government not based on abstract ideas, metaphysical rights but on experience of past (353) ...read more.

Conclusion

women -both sexes can rule -to have legitimacy, the govt must include the people -popular sovereignty--> the people decide who should rule--> monarchs, nobles + clergy are agents of tyranny -mill supports limited democracy with safeguards that prevent the majority from infringing on nights of minority (379-380) INDIVIDUAL VS. COMMUNITY -people do not have natural rights --> do not exist -natural rights are abstract ideas made by intellectuals -people cannot choose gov. -community over individual -community has a sense of history -community: favors the happiness and equality of the community over individual wealth and happiness -individual rights of women and men should be the same -women educated -individual rights of women--> some rights as men -women educated -community--> everyone should have free education where both sexes have education together -support for individual rights -harm principle --> the community can only infringe upon the individuals rights if the individual causes physical or economic harm -sanctity of the individual-no one can tell the individual what to do-but you can argue and persuade him ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Philosophy and Theology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Philosophy and Theology essays

  1. Descartes' classification of thoughts.

    The idea from the senses (adventitious) would make Descartes believe that the sun is very small. His innate idea of the sun, however, which, Descartes derived from mathematical considerations, would make him believe that the sun is much larger than the earth.

  2. Philosophy - Panpsychism vs Emergentism

    men packed together thinking of their own word, this would result in the formation of a consciousness shared by them - a feeling of unity, of belonging to a group. Panpsychists such as Whitehead accept that there is mental emergence, calling it the very principle of process and reality (Hartshorne 1972:162.).

  1. Camus and Sartre: Principle vs. Pragmatism in Revolutionary Action

    Sartre believed that human freedom existed as "a project that lights our way and gives its meaning" to our historically situated existence; he thought Camus' absolute moralism operated outside of this structure and represented and estrangement to the realities of existential life (65).

  2. Religion and Resistance in the Nazi Regime

    who were able to foresee the consequences of supporting Hitler led to a rethinking of the situation; however, it was too late to do anything about the warnings. Sensing a reticence on the part of the Lutheran Landeskirchen, the national body of Lutherans, Hitler sent Ludwig Mueller, Reich Bishop, to speak to them.

  1. Universalism of Human Rights

    human rights as it goes beyond the scope of universal basic needs. The Universal Declaration, however, does take some differences of culture into account. The articles are vaguely stated; they indicate what should be enforced but not how to enforce it.

  2. Women in Plato's Republic - The Women of an Ideal State

    or in the best interests of any single class or section, but rather the greatest

  1. Plato's Republic vs. Locke's 'A letter concerning toleration'

    The example that Locke illustrates is one of churches as private clubs, where people can join at will and choose what 'club' they want to be a part of. (Locke, 40) The part of the magistrate, then, is to protect the people from injury in life and estate.

  2. Is the Dispossessed a Utopia?

    However, this leads to the vast majority of literary utopias being static states, devoid of processes tending to upset them or change their design. Davis argues that even the so-called "dynamic" utopias of such late nineteenth-century or early twentieth-century utopian writers as Bellamy, Gilman, and Wells are unconvincing, because 'no

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work