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Primary Source Analysis of a document from the New York Daily Tribune, written on February 13, 1865, titled "Negroes of Savannah".

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Introduction

Jerry Tran History 213 Primary Source Analysis The source of the document was clipping from the New York Daily Tribune, written on February 13, 1865, titled "Negroes of Savannah". The document was a couple of minutes of an interview between the colored ministers and church officers with the Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, and Major General Sherman. The meeting took place on January 12, 1865-8 P.M. at the city of Savannah, GA, Headquarters of Major General Sherman. Among the colored ministers and church officers that had attended the interview were of African descent and originated from bondage. Some of them were released from their bondage and received their freedom by purchasing it or by the will of their masters. There were twenty members of the colored people and an appointed representative, Garrison Frazier, to "express their common sentiments upon the matters of inquiry"; some of which were various issues being addressed by Stanton and Sherman for the duration of the interview. The source addresses the African sentiment towards various issues apparently in South and the rest of the country. The South was clearly being the aggressor and the issue of slavery was increasingly becoming important to the war. ...read more.

Middle

The fifth issue was questioning the intelligence of African Americans and their ability to "maintain themselves under the Government of the United States." Of course Frazier replied without question, and stated that "there is sufficient intelligence" to attain their goals. The next issue being addressed was the how their lifestyles should be lived, whether amongst the white people or through segregated colonies of their own. Frazier's own personal preference would be to live in segregated colonies because of the "prejudice against us" in the South would be take many years for the Southerners to accept the freedmen in the south. This idea was not the expression of the majority, which Frazier clearly states as his own words. He does not seem to be a racist amongst the issue of prejudice, but he knew that the Whites or Southern Whites at that would not succumb so easily to embrace African Americans as an equal nor as a human being. The next issue addressed Frazier's position with causes and objects of the war and their understandings. Frazier spoke of the "South is the aggressor", rebelling against the newly elected President Abraham Lincoln, "without knowing what he would do." ...read more.

Conclusion

Frazier speaking for all, "we have confidence in Gen. Sherman," to help protect the interests of colored people saying "could not be under better hands." But his opinion is only formed from the basis of recent and short acquaintances with Gen. Sherman, which seems to exemplify the idea that the sentiments are subject to change if Sherman's idea decides to change. Overall, the document had seemed to be in a neutral point of view, because the ideas and sentiments expressed by Frazier was neither racially expressed nor was it in any way favoring that of "colored people." The statements made by Frazier were merely his opinions and thoughts upon the matter war, self-sufficiency, slavery, and freedom. Never once were racial remarks used, all answers were replied in an ordained and proper manner which seemingly was without anger nor malice towards the questions being addressed. Throughout the conversation, Stanton and Sherman had addressed Frazier accordingly, which they seemed to treat each other as an equal neither expressing any idea of inferiority on the part of Frazier and his assembly of black ministers. ...read more.

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