• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Reasons for and against the view that morality is independent of religion.

Extracts from this document...


Reasons for and against the view that morality is independent of religion Cupitt's starting point for ethics today begins with what he considers to be the cultural condition of our time and that is the rejection of the old 'realist' notion of God. * With the advent of non-realism notions of absolute truths have been rejected to be replaced by a solely human understanding of the world and God. * In terms of ethics this means there is no longer any God giving us a moral code and as such no moral absolutes independent of human experience. * Morality is now decided by humans with the context of different human communities. Cupitt argues that the traditional Christian view of God is repressive. Such a God has set out 'in the heavens' what is considered to be right and wrong behaviour in the world. For Cupitt, an objective God implies submission (or lack of freedom). Cupitt believes society has now embraced non-realism as such he believes it is no longer bound to follow realist forms of religious belief and ethics. ...read more.


Socrates asked. "Do gods love holiness and morality because they are holy, or is morality holy because the gods love it?" Put simply: if an existing god says something is good because he sees that something objectively is good, then the goodness of that thing is intrinsic in that thing; the good is independent of the god. In other words, if the god recognises that murder is wrong, then the wrongful act of killing is wrong even if the god doesn't see that. Morality or immorality in any action is not dependent on the god; god's will is determined by what he sees, not the other way round. God no more invented morality than Newton invented gravity. Imagine you're God. Make a world where circles have corners and two and two make five. If there are laws of physics that put finite conditions on God, then maybe there are moral restraints and restrictions on his alleged omnipotence and supposedly infinite power. Christian moralists can't accept this. It says that there are things that God simply cannot do. ...read more.


Philosophers call this natural process the "Social Contract". Selfish immorality is taking without giving back to the contract. Morality in society depends on equality in the contract - democratic public access. This can be achieved only through human rights education and legal procedural reform. We mustn't judge human action from pulpits or confessionals but through the courtroom, public votes and a non-secret media society. The best moralists are human rights activists. Many people do not yet get involved in social interaction and having a very poor part of the social contract. Many are blinkered by religions into thinking that their misery is a punishment from a god who will give everyone his final judgement after the last trump. Such believers forget to judge for themselves; they have no sense of government by the people for the people; they are governed by blind dogma. Their sense of morality is what someone else tells them to do. But morality isn't not killing, it's knowing why you shouldn't kill, and that requires real personal wisdom. Top of the school education syllabus agenda shouldn't be RE but social interaction skills. Morality can survive: for that to happen, we as humanists and humanitarians need to relearn how to negotiate the social contract. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Philosophy and Theology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Philosophy and Theology essays

  1. 'Dr. Faustus is a morality play without a moral.' Discuss.Let us first deal with ...

    Faustus' final soliloquy makes it clear that the play is more concerned with one man's tragedy than offering a moral to the masses, O Faustus Now hast thou but one bare hour to live And then thou must be damned perpetually.

  2. Outline the view that there are no rights and wrongs in sexual ethics:To what ...

    The physical union both expresses the other unions and also brings them about. We express ourselves with our bodies and the act of intercourse expresses our unity. 'The total physical self- giving would be a lie if it were not the sign and fruit of a total personal self giving...

  1. Outline the reasons why it may be claimed that religion and morality are linked. ...

    If things are holy because they're approved then religion and morality are linked, but the idea that God could have simply picked a law and made it holy is posed. If God has told us that killing was right, would we believe it?

  2. Post-Atheism: from Apophatic Theology to "Minimal Religion"

    . The concept of atheism consists in the fact that in our immediate experience of objective reality, we do not encounter an object such as God . . . This proposition as such is incontestable, and with regard to it faith is essentially concordant with non-faith."

  1. Looking at the Babylon's Society during Hummurabi's regime by analyzing the Code of Hammurabi.

    specifies mina of silver payable to relatives. Compensation for damages are expressed in mina of gold or silver (S59) (S114) (S116) (S156) (S198) (S201) (S203) (S207) (S208) (S212) (S214) (S241) (S251) (S252) as gift (S139). Another monetary unit is shekel. In all the codes where shekel are mentioned (S17)

  2. Examine the reasons for the view that morality is linked to religion. What reasons ...

    His fourth way, "...Therefore there must also be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection, and this we call God."1 This is basically saying that because people are good, true, noble etc, then there must be someone who is to everyone

  1. Consider in depth the different forms of religious language and evaluate how far they ...

    impossible to compare anything to God as that would imply human qualities and limit God. Aquinas then worked out two types of analogy: Analogy of Proportion and Analogy of Attribution. Analogy of Proportion involves qualities being attributed to God in proportion.

  2. The Two-Part Morality of Machiavellian Politics

    The unnecessary cruelty to those close to him turned friends into enemies, and support into hate. This hate was his death, both literally and figuratively. Aligned with Berlin, Cassirer also describes Machiavellian politics as a game; Cassirer makes the claim that Machiavelli views politics as a game of chess, a game played to win.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work