• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Heads of a Plan document is a key primary source in determining why Britain founded the NSW colony. What does this document tell us about the rationale to establish a European settlement in Australia?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HIST150 ASSIGNMENT 1 ESSAY QUESTION: The Heads of a Plan document is a key primary source in determining why Britain founded the NSW colony. What does this document tell us about the rational to establish a European settlement in Australia? 8.4.2011 CONTENT 1. ESSAY QUESTION 2 2. INTRODUCTION 2 3. POINTS TO DISCUSS 3 4. ANNOTATED SOURCES 4 4.1 Primary sources 4 4.2 Secondary Sources 5 5. BIBLIOGRAPHY 7 5.1 Primary sources 7 5.2 Secondary sources 7 1. ESSAY QUESTION The Heads of a Plan document is a key primary source in determining why Britain founded the NSW colony. What does this document tell us about the rational to establish a European settlement in Australia? 2. INTRODUCTION The 'Heads of a Plan' is an undated and anonymous document supposedly written in the year 1786. It was attached to a letter in which Lord Sydney who was Home Secretary in the government of William Pitt informs the Treasury of the government's decision to establish a penal settlement at Botany Bay. The 'Heads of a Plan' briefly outlines the reasons for establishing the convict colony in Australia and even though it seems as if it would be straightforward, there have always been debates about what this document really tells. ...read more.

Middle

Asiatic productions). Critique on Blainey's theory. Stress out the importance of focusing on the 'Heads of a Plan' document in its entirety. Argue that there certainly were potential added benefits, but based on the documents, Botany Bay was established as a penal colony to send convicts to. 4. ANNOTATED SOURCES 4.1 Primary sources * Lord Sydney, 'Governor Phillip's Instructions' in Historical Records of Australia, Series I, Vol. 1, Sydney, 1914 in National Archives of Australia, http://www.foundingdocs.gov.au/resources/transcripts/nsw2_doc_1787.pdf, accessed 07 April 2011. The Governor Phillip's Instructions are a primary source from the year 1787. It lists instructions which should be followed by Governor Phillip when travelling to Australia and establishing a colony there. Remarkably, among other instructions, Governor Phillip was told to send home samples of the flax plant for further evaluation as it 'ultimately may become an article of export'.1 Moreover, the securing of Norfolk Island in order to prevent it from being occupied by any other European power is mentioned, what raises the question of the real purpose of the colony and demands investigation.2 * Matra, James Maria, 'Proposal for establishing a Settlement in New South Wales', in Historical Records of New Zealand, ed. Robert McNab, Wellington, 1908, pp. 36-45 in New Zealand Electronic Text Centre http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-McN01Hist-t1-b2-d1.html, accessed 07 April 2011. ...read more.

Conclusion

but also he offers a direct analysis of a number of articles written by scholars as Blainey, Martin or Frost, who all supported the theory of additional reasons for the establishment. Especially of my interest are his arguments against Blainey's thesis and his conviction that 'The documents on which the traditional explanation is based do not support the explanation of the Botany Bay decision that Blainey proffered in the Tyranny of Distance.'8, as well as his claims of Blainey's theory being 'imaginative'.9 * Gillen, Mollie, 'The Botany Bay Decision 1786: Convicts not Empire' in English Historical Review, Vol. 97, 1982, pp. 740-766. This secondary source gives a detailed overview over the historical events and locations concerning the establishment of the convict colony as well as the different so called flax theories10 connected to it. Mollie Gillen notes that there were numerous rejections of the Botany Bay proposal11, but on the other hand people involved were likewise aware of some of the benefits of the location.12 Interestingly, she summarizes that in the end there was no other option to deal with Britain's convict crisis remained13 and she concludes that the mentioning of flax and timber supplies in the 'Heads of a Plan' rationalised the plan to colonize Botany Bay, as the promise of gold did for Das Voltas Bay14, making the article of high interest for my purposes. 5. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1700-1799 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1700-1799 essays

  1. The Diary of Joseph Plumb Martin. Many historians regard the diary of Joseph ...

    Historians attempt to examine primary sources and first-hand accounts of historical events in order to create a more vivid picture of what had actually happened. Personal accounts such as letters, diaries, and journals serve as pieces to a puzzle, representing an individual and their own unique experience of the event.

  2. Depictions of the Boston Massacre 1770. Though the newspaper article and the engraving had ...

    they then intended to make Use of other Weapons than Canes, Clubs and Bludgeons.10 The article inflames anti-British sentiment from the introduction, as it describes Great Britain and the British troops as a destructive and oppressive force, which aims to dominate the colonies and "quell a Spirit of Liberty" developing within them.

  1. Free essay

    How did European Powers in America employ concepts of natural law to justify their ...

    Hugo Grotius uses the 'theatre seat' concept, in which land which seems unoccupied, and has no markers signifying that it may belong to somebody is open to conquest by anyone, leading to his ideal of mare liberum, or freedom of the seas.

  2. Australian History: Settlement of Australia

    Historians agree that the British government decided to colonise NSW in seventeen eighty-eight, however, they disagree about why this transpired. There are three main interpretations of the decision made in seventeen eighty-eight. The first is what is known as the Convict Dumping Motive .

  1. With reference to any major uprising against political authority, assess the relative importance of ...

    The Bolsheviks' coup in October had given them unofficial control of Russia. Lenin believed in the Constituent Assembly and called an election in 1918, however the results (see appendix A) left them with approximately a quarter of the seats. Lenin's belief in the Assembly should not mean he is confused

  2. The topic that colonial governor of Connecticut Thomas Fitch (1700-1774) wrote about in 1764

    It is hard to tell 100%, if Fitch is directing this document more towards other powerful people in the colonies, or the people who would be very furious if the tax were to go into effect. However, both would have great interest in reading the document because it is not

  1. Why was Britain the centre of innovation in the process of industrialisation?

    into farming and although in the mid-eighteenth century agriculture no longer dominated the British economy, as it did in most other countries, it can be seen as the indispensable foundation for industry, for there was no other regular source of the nation's food,(see fig.1).

  2. To what extent did Britain benefit from her Empire in the Eighteenth century? ...

    It also seems undeniable that the empire also forced a greater toleration of Catholics. The 1774 retention of Quebec and its huge Catholic population meant that Parliament had no choice but to give toleration and land rights to the Catholic Church and civil liberties to its followers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work