• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐THE IMPEACHMENT OF ANDREW JOHNSON AND THE RECONSTRUCTION The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction (OUTLINE) 1. Introduction 2. Thesis Statement: The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was a political motion by Congress because many of the members of Congress disagreed with Johnson?s Reconstruction policies. 3. Andrew Johnson?s Reconstruction Policy and the Problems with it 4. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson 1. Reasons for Impeachment and reasons against the Impeachment 2. The four attempts of Impeachment 1. Conclusion 2. Annotated Bibliography THE IMPEACHMENT OF ANDREW JOHNSON AND THE RECONSTRUCTION On April 15, 1865, after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Lincoln?s Vice President Andrew Johnson was sworn into office. This Civil War had just barely ended not too long ago and now Andrew Johnson as the new President was left with the aftermath of the war specifically the reconstruction of the southern states who were greatly impacted by the war. The policies of Reconstruction in Andrew Johnson were criticized by his opponents in Congress this disproval of Johnson and his policies eventually led the Congress to impeach him making Andrew Johnson the first president to be impeached. The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was a political motion by Congress because many of the members of Congress disagreed with Johnson?s Reconstruction policies and Johnson neglected Congress when he implemented his policies on reconstruction. ...read more.


It proposed to let the armies disperse with all of their equipment. It also guaranteed a general amnesty such as the state governments would be recognized by the President, the people would get there political and property rights back, except for slaves, and no citizen ?would be molested by reason of the late war, so long as they lived in peace and obeyed the laws.?[10] The most famous person associated with this theory was General Sherman, but both Sherman and Johnson both agreed that Reconstruction using this theory was not possible. Another theory that was proposed by Thaddeus Stevens is known as the ?conquered provinces? theory. This theory stemmed from the idea that the Constitution had no application to the events of 1861-65 and ?the acts of the Southern states had so shattered the Constitution that they could no longer claim any rights under it.?[11] Stevens argued that the war was not a rebellion, but that the war was a direct attacked on the North and thus the states should be treated as conquered provinces. He argued that the lives and property of the people of the South were at the mercy of the North who could do whatever they wanted to do.[12] Through this theory the Southern social system would be remodeled and as territories the government of the states would be supervised by Congress and would have to apply for readmission to the Union as news states. ...read more.


of the Senate, and having the evil effect of placing in the hands of the President unlimited power over all the officers of the Government. This I understand to be the substance of the eleventh article. It contains many allegations which I regard in the nature of the inducement, but it includes within it the charge of the willful violation of law more specifically set out in the second, third, seventh, and eighth articles, and I shall therefore vote for it.[18] From these words we can understand that the impeachment of Andrew Johnson was not only a political move but that Congress believed that he had violated the eleventh article of the Constitution. In conclusion impeachment of Andrew Johnson was and political move by congress because Johnson chose to ignore Congress and assumed full responsibility for the reconstruction. There are five main theories of reconstruction that were presented and what resulted for the policy of reconstruction was a combination of them both. There were many problems with Johnson?s policy of reconstruction that caused tension between Congress and the President. This tension grew when Johnson decided to ignore Congress, the Tenor of Office Act, and violate the eleventh article of the Constitution. These tensions eventually led to the impeachment of Andrew Johnson four times with the fourth getting Johnson impeached. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1800-1899 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1800-1899 essays

  1. Account for the union of Italy

    Four days later they announced the overthrow of temporal power of the Pope and declared a republic. The Pope appealed to France Naples and Austria to free the most holy city of Rome, some 20,000 French troops soon after a heroic siege by the rebels took Rome and destroyed the roman republic.

  2. Historical Investigation -- How did the Southern States succession from the Union enable the ...

    Upon the Middle South States succession, the numbers of both the House and Senate dropped again, but not in the uniform matter alluded to by the number of senators and representatives allotted to each succeeding state. ? In many of the Border States, pro-union representatives and senators still presented themselves to Congress on behalf of their state.

  1. Causes of the civil war. The American civil war was a war that was ...

    The south was still devoted to the agricultural way of life, cotton plantation to be precise, and had a low population growth. The industrial North on the other hand had a high population growth and was also experiencing a high influx of immigrants from Europe.

  2. An In-depth comparison of two major Confederate Commanders: Robert. E. Lee and Braxton Bragg, ...

    Indeed considering the odds that had been faced and overcome, it was perhaps in terms of glory the greatest of them all.'i In an article published in the Harper's Weekly newspaper, on May 23 1863 by the Harper Brothers, they discuss Lee's use of tactics at Chancellorsville.

  1. US History. The Womens Rights Movement Through the Civil War.

    7 One can see the liberal-minded life these two were about to share together, and their hopes to soon change a woman's marital rights. Along with there statement they listed off protests against the laws which give the husband: Custody of the wife's person, exclusive control and guardianship of their

  2. Liberal Divisions and the 1870 Education Act

    Dale, a prominent member of the National Education League. The government withdrew the proposal but a clause was allowed to stand empowering the School Boards to use rates in order to reduce or pay the fees of individual necessitous children attending all the public elementary schools within its area.

  1. The hierarchical society that was present in the American South was deeply rooted in ...

    The practice of Afro-Christianity, oracles, folk medicine and African traditions became the order of the day for antebellum slaves. These new common beliefs included witches, spirits which ironically where a combination of both African and European cultures that they experienced.

  2. It didnt happen here. Why didnt socialism prosper in the USA in the period ...

    The closeness of many top businessmen to politicians meant that the police and even the state militia were sometimes used to end industrial disputes in the owner's favour. The 1892 Homestead Strike [64], organised by The Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers [65] in which 16 people were killed

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work