• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐THE IMPEACHMENT OF ANDREW JOHNSON AND THE RECONSTRUCTION The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction (OUTLINE) 1. Introduction 2. Thesis Statement: The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was a political motion by Congress because many of the members of Congress disagreed with Johnson?s Reconstruction policies. 3. Andrew Johnson?s Reconstruction Policy and the Problems with it 4. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson 1. Reasons for Impeachment and reasons against the Impeachment 2. The four attempts of Impeachment 1. Conclusion 2. Annotated Bibliography THE IMPEACHMENT OF ANDREW JOHNSON AND THE RECONSTRUCTION On April 15, 1865, after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Lincoln?s Vice President Andrew Johnson was sworn into office. This Civil War had just barely ended not too long ago and now Andrew Johnson as the new President was left with the aftermath of the war specifically the reconstruction of the southern states who were greatly impacted by the war. The policies of Reconstruction in Andrew Johnson were criticized by his opponents in Congress this disproval of Johnson and his policies eventually led the Congress to impeach him making Andrew Johnson the first president to be impeached. The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was a political motion by Congress because many of the members of Congress disagreed with Johnson?s Reconstruction policies and Johnson neglected Congress when he implemented his policies on reconstruction. ...read more.

Middle

It proposed to let the armies disperse with all of their equipment. It also guaranteed a general amnesty such as the state governments would be recognized by the President, the people would get there political and property rights back, except for slaves, and no citizen ?would be molested by reason of the late war, so long as they lived in peace and obeyed the laws.?[10] The most famous person associated with this theory was General Sherman, but both Sherman and Johnson both agreed that Reconstruction using this theory was not possible. Another theory that was proposed by Thaddeus Stevens is known as the ?conquered provinces? theory. This theory stemmed from the idea that the Constitution had no application to the events of 1861-65 and ?the acts of the Southern states had so shattered the Constitution that they could no longer claim any rights under it.?[11] Stevens argued that the war was not a rebellion, but that the war was a direct attacked on the North and thus the states should be treated as conquered provinces. He argued that the lives and property of the people of the South were at the mercy of the North who could do whatever they wanted to do.[12] Through this theory the Southern social system would be remodeled and as territories the government of the states would be supervised by Congress and would have to apply for readmission to the Union as news states. ...read more.

Conclusion

of the Senate, and having the evil effect of placing in the hands of the President unlimited power over all the officers of the Government. This I understand to be the substance of the eleventh article. It contains many allegations which I regard in the nature of the inducement, but it includes within it the charge of the willful violation of law more specifically set out in the second, third, seventh, and eighth articles, and I shall therefore vote for it.[18] From these words we can understand that the impeachment of Andrew Johnson was not only a political move but that Congress believed that he had violated the eleventh article of the Constitution. In conclusion impeachment of Andrew Johnson was and political move by congress because Johnson chose to ignore Congress and assumed full responsibility for the reconstruction. There are five main theories of reconstruction that were presented and what resulted for the policy of reconstruction was a combination of them both. There were many problems with Johnson?s policy of reconstruction that caused tension between Congress and the President. This tension grew when Johnson decided to ignore Congress, the Tenor of Office Act, and violate the eleventh article of the Constitution. These tensions eventually led to the impeachment of Andrew Johnson four times with the fourth getting Johnson impeached. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1800-1899 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1800-1899 essays

  1. Historical Investigation -- How did the Southern States succession from the Union enable the ...

    Upon the Middle South States succession, the numbers of both the House and Senate dropped again, but not in the uniform matter alluded to by the number of senators and representatives allotted to each succeeding state. ? In many of the Border States, pro-union representatives and senators still presented themselves to Congress on behalf of their state.

  2. Causes of the civil war. The American civil war was a war that was ...

    slaves; a ban on slave trade would lead to a huge fall back on the Southern economy. Slavery and Control of the Government The southern politicians attempted to maintain slavery by controlling the federal government. During almost half of the nineteenth century, the Southern people remained at advantage due to

  1. An In-depth comparison of two major Confederate Commanders: Robert. E. Lee and Braxton Bragg, ...

    However shortly into the first day he was replaced by General Maede. Lee first faced Brig. Gen Buford who was shortly reinforced by two more corps of Union infantry. However two Confederate corps assaulted Buford position and sent them into a hasty retreat.

  2. US History. The Womens Rights Movement Through the Civil War.

    At the national convention, Stone delivered such a dynamic plea that innumerable audience members, including Susan B. Anthony were drawn to her cause.8 4Kerr, Andrea Moore. Lucy Stone Speaking Out for Equality. New Jersey: (Ruters University Press, 1992), 1. 5Duncan, Joyce.

  1. Liberal Divisions and the 1870 Education Act

    In his statement reopening the discussions on the bill, Gladstone also added a proposal that did not appear in Forster's memo. He firmly pledged that the local boards should not contribute to the voluntary schools whatsoever, but that instead those schools should be allowed to draw from the Exchequer rather

  2. Civil War Reconstruction

    Congress tries to pass the Wade-Davis Bill in 1864 that requires Lincoln's policy to attain 50 percent of voters to take oath instead of the the original 10. President Lincoln pocket-vetoed the bill saying he does not want to commit to just one plan to reconstruct the south.

  1. What interpretations can be made as to the extent of brigandage and also the ...

    In such an intense climate of social inequality where the peasant has no share in the same land he helps sustain, the Brigand lifestyle actually becomes an appealing option. The historian David Hilton Wheeler provides various examples of the apparent correlation between harsh poverty and the emergence of rebellious groups.

  2. The hierarchical society that was present in the American South was deeply rooted in ...

    In the antebellum south there were a dramatic number of whites to blacks, which was a big element in keeping the slaves under control and gave them good reason not to attack or rebel against their owners. Blacks, ?struggled to find their niche? [10]in their lives, whites where always suspicious of their every move.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work