• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The root of the Mass is the Last Supper, a Passover meal.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jesus Rodriguez Diocese of Florida Most Rev. Fr. Bernie LT 602 Liturgy: The Mass/Para-liturgies/weddings/funerals June 14, 2012 Fr. Pat Gaffney THE LITURGY OF THE MASS The Mass is the most beautiful act of worship of Almighty God and a precious treasure of our Catholic Church. To fully appreciate the Mass, one has to understand its historical development. The root of the Mass is the Last Supper, a Passover meal. Here our Lord and the apostles read the Sacred Scriptures, and then for the first time our Lord Jesus Christ took bread and wine, pronounce the words of consecration, and gave His Body and Blood to them. The action of this first Mass must be understood in the whole context of our Lord's passion, death and resurrection. Since that time, the Church has offered the Mass, which participates in the ever-present, ever-lasting reality of the Last Supper and the passion, death and resurrection. Granted, the Mass has evolved over time, but the essential elements and structure have not. Three of the best references describing the Mass of the early Church are the Didache(teaching of the twelve apostles), St Justin the Martyr's First Apology, and St Hippolytus' Apostolic Tradition. These references attest to the living tradition of the Mass. The form of the Mass we have today was promulgated by Pope Paul VI in 1969. The Order of the Mass comprises four major parts: The Introductory Rites, the liturgy of the Word, the Liturgy of the Eucharist, and the Concluding Rite. The Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist "are so closely connected with each other that they form one single act of worship". Moreover, "the church has always venerated the divine Scriptures as she venerated the Body of the Lord, in so far as she never ceases, particularly in the Sacred Liturgy, to partake of the Bread of Life and to offer it to the faithful from the one table of the Word of God and the Body of Christ". ...read more.

Middle

Moreover, the earlier version of the Creed which is know as the Apostles Creed was also used in the Mass. The Petitions, General Intercessions, or Prayer of the Faithful have also been used since the early days of the Church. St. Paul in his First Letter to St. Timothy said, "I urge that supplications prayers, intercessions and thanksgivings be made for all men, for kings and all who are in higfh positions"(Timothy 2:1-2). The offering of petitions followed a three part structure: a call to prayer, the petitions and the priest concluding prayer. St. Justin said that the petitions should remember the needs of the Church: the intentions of the Bishop and clergy; peace in the world; a good harvest; the country and city; the sick; poor and needy; the dead; the forgiveness of sins; and a holy death. Later, the petitions were dropped from the Order of the Mass; however, the Vatican Council II directed that the Prayer of the Faithful be restored to the Mass. Resources: ---The Mass Explained, Thomas A McHanon, 1978 ---Second Vatican Council: Constitution on Sacred Liturgy, 1963 ---The Didache.com ---The Didache in Modern Research: An Overview; Draper, Jonathan A. 1996 ---Stt. Justin, Martyr(100-165), rosarychurch.net ---St Hippolytus Apostolic Tradition: The Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus of Rome; Translation by Bernard Botte, 1984 ---The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation, Promulgatede by Pope Paul VI, Nov. 18, 1965 ---General Instruction of the Roman Missal, Mar. 17, 2003 ---Catechism of the Catholic Church, promulgated by Pope John Paul II, 1997 ---The Mass of Paul VI, Pope Paul VI, 1969 ---Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910 ---Liturgical Catachism, Fr. DJ Wollaston, 2009 ---www.catholicliturgy.com Jesus Rodriguez Part 2 Diocese of Florida Most Reverent Fr. Bernie LT 602 Liturgy: The Mass/para-liturgies/Weddings/Funerals June 14, 2012 Fr. Pat Gaffney THE LITURGY OF THE MASS After the Liturgy of the Word, the Mass proceeds with the Liturgy of the Eucharist. Here the focus of action is on the altar, as the Liturgy of the Word was on the ambo. ...read more.

Conclusion

After the distribution of Holy Communion and the purification of the vessels, the priest offers the Closing Prayer. The Mass concludes with The Concluding Rite--the concluding prayer, the blessing, and the dismissal. In all, our Catholic Church has a beautiful and precious treasure in The Mass. None of us must ever take the Mass for granted or become lukewarm towards it. Moreover, priest should offer the Mass reverently and joyfull. The second Vatican Council reminded the laity in particular of their role: "The Church, therefore, earnestly desires that Christ's faithfull, when present at this mytery of faith, should not be there as strangers or silent spectators. On the contrary, through a good understanding of the rites and prayers, they should take part in the sacred action, concious of what they are doing, with devotion and full collaboration. They should be instructed by God's Word, and be nourished at the table of the Lord's Body. They should give thanks to God. Offering the Immaculate Victim, not only through the hands of the priest but also together with him, they should learn to offer themselves. Through Christ, the Mediator, they should be drawn day by day into ever more perfect union with God and each other, so that finally God may be all in all". Resourses: ---The Mass Explained, Thomas A. McHanon; 1978 ---Second Vatican Council: Constitution on Sacred Liturgy; 1963 ---The Didache.com ---The Didache in Modern Research: An Overview; Draper, Jonathan A. 1996 ---St. Justin, Martyr(100-165), rosarychurch.net ---St. Hippolytus Apostolic Tradition: The Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus of Rome; Translation by Bernard Botte, 1984 ---The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation, promulgated by Pope Paul VI, Nov. 18, 1965. ---General Instruction of the Roman Missal, March 17, 2003 ---Catachism of the Catholic Church, promulgated by Pope John Paul II, Sept. 1997. ---The Mass of Pope Paul VI, 1969. ---Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910 ---Liturgical Catechism, Fr. DJ Wollaston, 2009 ---www.Catholicliturgy.com ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Christianity essays

  1. The Theme of Suffering in the Gospel of Mark.

    The story seems to move more quickly than the other gospels. Jesus moves about rapidly from place to place unlike in the books of Matthew and John. There is little wasted motion and rarely any redundancy. It is also noticeable that there is a repeated theme of the suffering disciple

  2. The Catholic Church in Lebanon - A.W.

    headquarters in West Beruit. Two months of bombing ended when U.S. and European troops were deployed to protect Palestinian and Muslim civilians. Still the violence in West Beirut continued: president-elect Bashir Gemayel was assassinated, the Christian militia massacred Palestinian refugees, fighting erupted between Christian and Druze militias, hostages were taken

  1. Woman and Ordination. In this paper we will look at three women and their ...

    They saw the oppression and felt they were too being oppressed[11] The Source of authority that is mainly used in this article is world issues and research at how a person looks at the events of the world and realizes what his or her calling is.

  2. Although there is no passage in the Bible which explicitly states the absolute dominance ...

    Moral scrutiny was gradually becoming the norm and combined with the vilification of womanhood it lead to horrific outcomes. One of the most influential philosophers of the time, Thomas Aquinas, openly states in his work Summa Theologica that ?The female is a misbegotten male."

  1. Critically assess the claim that the response of the Early Church to Gnosticism provided ...

    James Lindsay (1903) supports this as he states that ?He is the Demiurge, and so not that God sent a Redeemer into the world. And the Redeemer, so sent, was not a real incarnation of the Divine, but One whom they viewed after a Docetic fashion.? For this reason then they also separated

  2. Without the City: Pachomius

    Egypt had been under Roman domination and Christians, throughout the third and the beginning of the fourth century, were persecuted for their religious practice. Rome in 300 CE brought forth Diocletian?s government reconstruction where he introduced four emperors, rather than one, in hopes this would assist with ensuring ?an orderly

  1. An Examination of the Biblical Flood Story

    boat on a mountain as the water recedes, the sacrifice on the mountain, followed by a blessing from the gods. Bibliography Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, s.v. "biblical literature." Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2012. Dalley, S. 1991 Myths from Mesopotamia Oxford ________________ [1] YHWH, also rendered as Jehovah, is

  2. In the minds of Roman Catholics living in the North America, regardless of abortion ...

    Killing the foetus, is killing the relationship between the creator and the unborn. After the legal precedent that was set in the Roe v. Wade case, there were frequent violent protests against abortion clinics. These violent protests ranged from bombs, murders, shootings, arsons and as well as vandalism of property.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work