• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Britain industrialise earlier than Germany?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Why did Britain industrialise earlier than Germany? The Industrial Revolution was a period in the late 18th and early 19th centuries when major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions. The inception of the Industrial Revolution marked a major turning point in human society; almost every aspect of daily life was eventually influenced in some way by this process. Essentially, it is the transition between a primarily handicraft, agrarian economy to one predominately composed of industrial productivity. Great Britain was the first nation to industrialise, beginning in the early 18th century and Germany?s industrialisation came about a century later. At the time of the first industrial growth, Britain was long established and possessed a huge empire whilst Germany was a region of separate states. Once these states were unified however, Germany was able to model its factories after those of Britain, thus, saving a substantial amount of wealth and effort. The result was a later, though rapid and successful, industrialisation of Germany. Why Great Britain industrialised first and Germany somewhat later can be attributed to various factors. These will be explored in this essay. In what could be considered a pre-requisite to Great Britain?s Industrial Revolution, the Agricultural Revolution beginning in the 17th century was a huge driving force behind the first industrialisation. ...read more.

Middle

A crucial factor for the development of any nation in any respect is its political stability. Great Britain was well established and unified. Britain?s highly stable politics, growing empire and decent social structure enabled them to be interested in new feats such as industry, empire building, and technological innovations. This stability also resulted in a greater receptiveness to change, compared with other European countries. The togetherness of Britain is crucial to the question as to why she industrialised before Germany and indeed, before any other nation. (Moore, 1966, 28-30) In contrast to Great Britain, Germany was very disunited and had fundamental problems with its wide array of kingdoms and dukedoms. The term ?Germany? referred to a region of multiple territories, each of which spoke the German language and of these, only Prussia and Austria were substantial economic units. Such division was perhaps the paramount set back for German economic (and in many other respects) progress. Being disunited, the little states competed with each other economically rather than in one unified output. The nation of Germany was not until created 1871, a great time after long established and prosperous Great Britain began her industrialisation. Once a unified nation, Germany?s industrialisation could now begin to grow and compared to Britain, very quickly thrive. ...read more.

Conclusion

This imitation?s success was limited. In 1871, the nation of Germany was created and thereafter major industries were founded that led to the fully fledged industrialisation of Germany, therefore, unreservedly proving that unification was the key to Germany?s industrialisation. Said reason, in addition to the numerous advantages that Britain possessed and disadvantages that Germany possessed, explains the timing of both nations? industrialisation utterly. Following Britain?s successful industrialisation, Belgium, France and then Germany followed suit, reproducing the processes that Britain pioneered and reaping the many socioeconomic benefits that being an industrial nation instigates. Today, the developed world enjoys great wealth and social living conditions having gone through the industrialisation process. To the developing world, Western Europe?s agricultural and Industrial Revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries serves as a model. ERIH. (n.d.). Industrial History Germany. Retrieved from European Route of Industrial Heritage: www.erih.net/industrial-history/germany ERIH. (n.d.). Industrial History | Great Britain. Retrieved from European Route of Industrial Heritage: http://www.erih.net/industrial-history/great-britain.html Gildea, R. (2003). Barricades and Borders, Europe 1800 - 1914. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 3-7. Hudson, P. (1992). The Industrial Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 91-94, 120. Moore, B. (1966). Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World. Boston: Beacon Press. pp. 28-30. Overton, M. (2005). Agricultural Revolution in England 1500 - 1850. Retrieved from BBC History: www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/agricultural_revolution_01.shtml Veblen, T. (2006 edition) Imperial Germany and the Industrial Revolution. New York: Comiso Inc. Publishing ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1800-1899 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1800-1899 essays

  1. What was the significance of the Paris Commune of 1871?

    The presence of numerous meetings in 1869 hints at the imminent creation of the Commune.

  2. What was the significance of higher education for women

    They were no more capable of functioning in the outside world than men were capable of bearing children (1998, p.73). Harrison talks about feminine human nature, referring to frailty, passivity, "submissiveness, silence and desexualised affection" (1990, p.158). And these so-called 'facts' were reinforced by scientific orthodoxy, with Darwinian ideology hypothesising

  1. Comparing economic change in Britain and China from 1760 to 1914

    In conformity with Fairbank's (1980) description: the corruption was omnipresent. Although this kind of behaviors was illegal, still a huge number of bureaucrats would like to take a risk because the territory in China was extremely wide and the inspective system was not efficient.

  2. Industrial revolution implies dramatic changes in production techniques , but recent evidence suggests that ...

    Managers' power on the other hand was limited in the organization of production. All the above show that technology influenced the production since it provided new machinery. Nevertheless , it is not right to see the development of this sector just as a consequence of the introduction of new technologies.

  1. 'It has been claimed that Britains financial institutions were too oriented towards overseas investment ...

    Nevertheless,this short finance must not be underestimated. Through this kind of finance,banks facilitated the trade and gave the opportunity to industries to pay back their suppliers when they would have sold their goods. However,British banks did not play the same role that investment banks played in Germany and which deliberately invested in long term projects.

  2. The revolutions would not have occurred without the economic crises that hit Europe in ...

    Once prices stabilise and they recover their strength, having had time to consider their recent trauma, they react to the initial price shock. This all fits in with the events of the 1848 revolution. A propagation of food price increases can be seen in the industrial sector, affecting both business

  1. Compare and contrast the European-indigenous encounter in Australia with that of New Zealand. In ...

    This distinguishes the two encounters from other British arenas of imperialism, such as India and Africa, where subordination to imperial power was achieved without the objective of colonisation.[20] Though they were forced further into the remote areas of New Zealand, the Maori tribes proved reasonably successful in casting aside rivalries

  2. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction

    Both the ?Southern? theory and the ?conquered provinces theory? were thought to be too radical and were thus rejected. The presidential theory claimed that the states had never left the Union and that when restoration was complete they would be states just like they were before the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work