• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the constitutional monarchy fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Mandip Hare LVI 12th December 2003 Why did the constitutional monarchy fail? A constitutional monarchy is a system of Government in which a king or queen stood as head of state, but his power was limited by real power lying in a legislature an independent court system. The constitution of 1791 established a constitutional monarchy. Under this Louis XVI could only temporally veto legislation passed by the assembly. Voting was restricted only to the upper and idle classes of society. This new constitutional monarchy was not a success due to a number of interlinking factors. The king, war, nobles and church all played a significant role. The fall of the constitutional monarchy can be said to be caused by the events 1789. In 1788 Louis XVI agreed to call a meeting of the Estates-General as France faced a financial crisis. He was hesitant in doing so but felt he had no choice but to do so, as he could not continue any longer borrowing money as the kingdom was already heavily in debt due to government spending. The meeting took place at Versailles as planned in may 1789. ...read more.

Middle

From the very beginning he was hesitant in calling an Estates General meeting. Could the Constitutional monarchy every have worked with a reluctant monarch? The church was also another reason that the constitutional monarchy fell. The Civil Constitution Of The Clergy was issued in February 1790, this document transformed priests into paid agents of the state. Revolutionary France asserted it's right over Rome to appoint its own Bishops and priests. This action angered Pope Pius VI who called the revolution Godless. The ancien regime church had many privileges and owned most of the land, which was exempt from taxes. In 1790 monasteries and convents were closed. All members of the clergy had to take oath that ensured they would be loyal to the king. 109 clergy members agreed to the revolution, two out of 44 bishops agreed. The pope encouraged people to disagree with the revolution. This resulted to the Massacre of refractory priests. In this all those who disagreed were killed. The revolution became known as one with a protestant plot. In places across the country, violence broke out between supporters of the revolution and defenders of the church. ...read more.

Conclusion

The failure was inevitable form the beginning due to the king's reluctance. 1789 showed that the idea of royal absolutism was replaced by the idea of enlightenment and natural sovereignty. This was shown in the titles of French kings. The king could be sacked at any given time. The revolution was republican from the beginning. It was logic that the king would go. The third approach is the empirical approach. It is the approach taken by British historians based on documented evidence. They say it was not inevitable as there was no sign of republicanism in 1789. They also base their view upon evidence. Once Louis gave his absolute powers he became very popular and was trusted. Marie Antoinette on the other hand was not. To conclude it is clear that a number of factors some inevitable and others not as much so played a part in the failure of the constitutional monarchy. I believe the failure was inevitable as Louis was reluctant. It would have possible for a constitutional monarchy to succeed if the Monarch was unwilling himself to make I succeed. Louis, although his meanings were good, simply did not have the character to adapt to the reforms taking place. Why did the Constitutional Monarchy fail? Mandip Hare 1 12th December 2003 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1600-1699 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1600-1699 essays

  1. Why was there a revolution in France ?

    fact that the people wanted the poor conditions and the poverty in which they lived to be alleviated. The peasants wanted an end to the fuedal system which existed and the townsfolk also wanted reform of cutoms duties, the salt tax, tithe and seigneurialism, also there was the fear of the harvest failing.

  2. Would you agree that the future of the Bourbon monarchy was doomed from the ...

    Louis XVIII had been living outside France for 20 years up to this point after he was put into exile and had been surrounded by fellow �migr�s all waiting for the time when they could claim what was rightfully theirs.

  1. Assess the reasons that contributed to the downfall of the French Monarchy in August ...

    were told to take, and then go back on his decision upon the Pope's rejection of the idea. I don't think that Louis was quite capable of making decisions for himself, and rather relied on other to help him. When he did make decisions for himself, they were usually of a foolish, childish nature.

  2. Attack on the Bastille - Newspaper Style

    The besiegers easily broke into the arsenal and into the first courtyard, cut the drawbridge down, and then quickly got through the wooden door behind it. They boldly demanded that the bridges be lowered, but they were refused. The Marquis de Launay said he would surrender if his troops were allowed to leave peacefully, but he was simply laughed at.

  1. Why, in spite of its apparent strength, was the monarchy so rapidly overthrown in ...

    This also provided an opportunity for Islamic fundamentalists to attack the Shah's anti-Islamic reforms. Various opposition groups emerged as a result beginning in the late 1960's including the Freedom Movement and Marxist organizations that launched a campaign of terror against the Shah.

  2. Throughout the history of the United States of America, four American presidents have been ...

    In addition, while growing up, Booth occasionally engaged acts of cruelty to animals, another feature of an antisocial behavior. While still in his teens he took up acting, but was received with unsatisfactory reviews. For Booth, who had always been told that he was special, this reception did not sit

  1. Why, and with what consequences did Charles I fail to defeat the Covenanters in ...

    was 'ill organised and largely apathetic'.[6] It is fair to say that Charles's Army lacked the same intense motivation as the Scots did and many English Protestants actually sympathised with the Covenanters cause. It is clear that Charles's Army was inexperienced, under trained and inferior to the one put together by the Covenanters.

  2. Salem, Spectral Evidence and Recovered Memory Syndrome

    Thus, even if a group of accusers claimed to see the shape of the accused and assigned to that specter various claims of bedevilment, Cotton Mather argued that, as much as the spectral evidence should be believed, other forms of verification were required. Increase Mather, Cotton?s father, went even further.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work