• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the first Industrial Revolution take place in Britainand what were its main consequences?

Extracts from this document...


Political Economy Assignment 1: The Industrial Revolution Samantha Arthington Why did the first Industrial Revolution take place in Britain and what were its main consequences? The first Industrial Revolution took place between 1750 and 1830. During this period industrialization began in Britain in which many industries, such as cotton, iron, machinery, and transportation industries developed. The Industrial Revolution can be said to be, in terms of the national economy, a key turning point in history. This is due to the reasons the Industrial Revolution took place and its main consequences. One explanation of why the Industrial Revolution took place is that Britain was a unique area in which to create an industry, with an established stance within the country; politically and economically. Due to this, Britain became one of the main countries to import and export goods. Capitalists saw Britain's natural and agricultural advantages. This is why the Industrial Revolution began in Britain rather than any other European country, or any other country around the world. Another reason is due to capitalist greed. The ruling classes wanted efficiency and speed and through the inventions of machinery, items can be made quicker and be more advanced than man could do it. Britain was the only country at the time that had all these accurate combinations of factors that was necessary as a basis for an Industrial Revolution to take place. ...read more.


new labour code was introduced which improved conditions for the labour forces as well as reducing the amount of working hours within one day from 12-16 hours per day, to 8 hours. This change is still apparent today. In Britain at the time, especially in the north of England, most people lived in rural areas. So, the bourgeoisie moved to more urban areas and built farms, mills, and houses creating jobs. The workers then had to move to urban areas for work, where they were given employment and a home. Whilst the workers thought this was a beneficial agreement, the bourgeoisie had social control over their workers, and so they had no choice but to carry on working with nowhere else to go. This can be considered as a consequence to the Industrial Revolution in the social context as it caused a larger gap between the upper class bourgeoisie and the lower classes, as the rich became wealthier from property ownership, whilst the lower classes became at the mercy of the upper class, relying on them for wages, for housing and for work. On the other hand, this could be considered as a positive consequence of the Industrial Revolution as it created societies in urban areas, and allowed a sense of community of the lower working class to be created. ...read more.


Also, due to the coal used for machinery and in mines, a lot of pollution was caused which affected the atmosphere as well as workers' lungs, which also caused sickness. Factory workers were given harsh punishments for mistakes, were given very low wages and were under constant exploitation from their employers and of the upper classes. So, whilst these negative consequences had major affects at the time, these affects were only short-term concerning citizens at the time. This shows that it has to be considered whether economic progression is worth the hardship caused, and to contemplate which is more important, people's lives or the nations' and worlds' development. In my opinion, progression is more important as it has improved people's way of life, and turned people away from old ideals and lifestyles for what can be thought to be a better way of living. In conclusion, during the Industrial Revolution, Britain became a rich, powerful country from simply being a small island of the world. This allowed Britain to be known as a place that created machinery, improved transportation, and improved the economy as well as transporting goods around the world. Whilst this historical time had many negative affects on the people at the time, such as bad working conditions, the positive consequences have changed the world in terms of progression and development and have collectively improved the life chances and improved the general quality of life of everyone. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1700-1799 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1700-1799 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    What were the consequences of the agricultural revolution for the rural poor? And how ...

    4 star(s)

    forced Parliamentary enclosure, whilst enclosure amongst small farmers as a matter of consent and mutual benefit had been going on for some time. Of equal significance is the impact of new technology and ways of thinking which turned an essentially organic and backward peasant economy into a progressive and successful industry.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The Industrial Revolution.

    3 star(s)

    Not only is the personal development of individuals discouraged by the bourgeoisie but the actual factory work itself is downright boring and non stimulating for the mind whatsoever.16 Engels states that "the factory worker is condemned to allow his physical

  1. With reference to the years 1830-1930, why did it take so long for Britain ...

    This amount of opposition to reform was perhaps the most challenging obstacle in the road to democracy because it was the most permanent, as opposition to reform was prevalent in British society. Throughout history, politicians introduced short-term solutions to problems, which were only relevant for the duration of their time in office.

  2. Was the French revolution a Bourgeoisie revolution?

    Between 1726 and 1791, 90% of the farmers-General of Taxes often considered the supreme example of Bourgeois men of wealth were noble.6 Revisionists believe that the Bourgeoisie aimed to enter into the nobility. A lot of evidence can support this theory.

  1. Is the term 'Industrial Revolution' an accurate description of the economic changes taking place ...

    Here Deane and Cole estimated the output as a weighted average of outputs in different sectors of the economy. Those were estimated by various proxies, for example did they use population as a proxy for the output in the agricultural sector.

  2. Were The Causes Of The French Revolution Mainly Short Term?

    It called for the abolition of legal hierarchy and of privilege of birth because it hindered upward social mobility when many in the bourgeoisie aspired to one day become nobility. Furthermore there was a wish to abolish manorial dues and to restore the old system of economic regulation which blocked the expansion of capitalism.

  1. The Industrial Revolution

    According to Richards and Hunt (1950), the more people there were, the stronger the need to supply them with manufactured goods. Montagna (2010) accounts for the key whys and wherefores of such an enlargement of population. Firstly, there was an increase in life expectancy and in the number of births as well.

  2. Why did the Industrial Revolution Occur in Britain First?

    As a result, less labor was needed for farming, which meant that a greater percentage of the population could now labor in industry.1 The production of more food led to a decline in food prices, which meant that people could eat more, and it ultimately led to a decline in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work