• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Khrushchev removed from power in 1964?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Khrushchev removed from power in 1964? In 1964, Khrushchev was forced out of parliament by his colleagues. This happened because he lost the confidence of powerful interests in Communism. In my opinion, I think this happened due to 5 reasons. I will explain my theory below. Firstly, and arguably most importantly, the Cuban missile crisis. In 1962, Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba. Nikita Khrushchev agreed to buy the sugar from Cuba; in fact this was the same sugar America was refusing to buy. But, this was in return for a big favour; Russia could base their nuclear missiles on Cuban soil. Castro agreed. Khrushchev was picking a blatant fight with Kennedy, just for the purpose of winning. He wanted Russia to have a diplomatic success. He thought he could win it because Kennedy was "inexperienced" and "young". Also Kennedy was proven to be inept. This was proven in the "Bay of Pigs" affair in 1961. In the Bay of Pigs affair, the left-wing Castro took over all of the sugar plantations, which irritated the Americans. ...read more.

Middle

In his power struggle, he took the side of the hard-line Stalinists, in favour of traditional heavy industries. This made him popular among colleagues. However, when he had complete control of Russia, he changed his views and took the side of "cotton-dress industrialisation", this meant more emphasis on consumer goods. There was an overthrowing attempt but it fell through. Khrushchev was very devious but he got his own way and there was more emphasis on consumer goods in industry. His main reform was in 1958 when he introduced 105 regional economic councils "the sovnarkhozy". Every sovnarkhoz had to manage the affairs of its region. The sovnarkhozy was just something for Khrushchev to use to hide behind the "metal-eaters". The sovnarkhoz was discarded after Khrushchev's downfall. There were low wages in industry, no overtime but there was no unemployment. This led to over manning in factories. Fourthly, and again most importantly, the Virgin Lands project. When Khrushchev took over, Russia was finding it hard to feed itself, due to a large population increase. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lastly, Was Khrushchev's personality and style to blame for his downfall? Below, I will make a table of his personality positives and negatives. + - Energetic Dynamic Gregarious Good humoured Uncouth Hot tempered Impulsive Foul mouthed Undignified Embarrassing As you can see, the negatives weigh out the positives, his colleagues got particularly tired of him by 1964. I will demonstrate a couple of examples of Khrushchev's behaviour. In 1962, Khrushchev was invited to an art exhibition by Bilyutin. He went into the gallery and inspected the paintings, while inspecting he swore unpleasantly about the work he was looking at and he said, "a donkey could do better with its tail" and "it looks like horse manure". In 1960, Khrushchev attended the UN general assembly in New York. When Prime Minister Macmillan of the UK was speaking, Khrushchev did not agree with him and he took his shoe off and banged it on the table in front of all the leaders. This was very degrading for Russia. All of these reasons played a part in the downfall of Nikita Khrushchev. His colleagues forced him into retirement. He left as leader of the Communist party in late 1964. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lee Bettis 10n Dr White ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1950-1999 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1950-1999 essays

  1. U.S. - Soviet relations.

    The Atlantic Charter represented the embodiment of Roosevelt's quest for moral justification of American involvement. Presented to the world after the president and Prime Minister Churchill met off the coast of Newfoundland in the summer of 1941, the Charter set forth the common goals that would guide America over the next few years.

  2. Communism in China

    although they also believe that he made serious mistakes later in his life. Many think Mao was "seventy-percent right and thirty-percent wrong," and his "contributions are primary and his mistakes secondary." Some, including members of the Communist Party of China, hold Mao responsible for pulling China away from its biggest

  1. Explain the success and failures of Mao in China

    it was overall a success to Mao, as it had successfully allowed Mao to remerge as the leader of China after the disaster of the great Leap Forward, but at the cost of many lives, and nearly another civil war, as well as long term economic chaos.

  2. On Khrushchev and Khrushchevism.

    As a general conclusion of all the chapters, Khrushchev shaped the period following him even the successors tried to leave the leader in oblivion. All the authors agree that he came to the power by the Stalinist methods of coalition policies and was ousted by the same policies.

  1. Fidel Castro led the overthrow of the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959 to ...

    States he had moved the majority of the work force into the trenches. The troop mobilization was creating serious consequences for the country's economy; work on many government construction programs had been held up by the absence of workers on military duty.

  2. How and why did Castro in Cuba come to power? For what purpose and ...

    Ambushes were more common as Batista's men entered deeper into the territory and lost contact with supply lines. A decisive battle forced Batista's men to retreat after a demoralizing sequence of battles. Castro immediately thereafter started a counteroffensive which was hoped to drive through to the capital - Havana.

  1. How can we best explain the failure of Kennedy administration in the Bay of ...

    Fidel Castro, leader of the guerrilla opposition, did not have to win an armed battle, since Fulgencio Batista and many of his followers fled the country at the end of 1958. Castro was a popular, and as Smith writes, "Increasing numbers of Americans...were looking for a 'good revolution' to embrace

  2. A study into how much John F. Kennedy was responsible for the ...

    the president but anyone who was involved with the planning on Cuba. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Former Kennedy special assistant turned historian recalls the influence Bissell had ?we all listened transfixed?in this meeting and other meetings which followed?fascinated by the workings of this superbly clear, organized and articulate intelligence, while

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work