• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Khrushchev removed from power in 1964?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Khrushchev removed from power in 1964? In 1964, Khrushchev was forced out of parliament by his colleagues. This happened because he lost the confidence of powerful interests in Communism. In my opinion, I think this happened due to 5 reasons. I will explain my theory below. Firstly, and arguably most importantly, the Cuban missile crisis. In 1962, Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba. Nikita Khrushchev agreed to buy the sugar from Cuba; in fact this was the same sugar America was refusing to buy. But, this was in return for a big favour; Russia could base their nuclear missiles on Cuban soil. Castro agreed. Khrushchev was picking a blatant fight with Kennedy, just for the purpose of winning. He wanted Russia to have a diplomatic success. He thought he could win it because Kennedy was "inexperienced" and "young". Also Kennedy was proven to be inept. This was proven in the "Bay of Pigs" affair in 1961. In the Bay of Pigs affair, the left-wing Castro took over all of the sugar plantations, which irritated the Americans. ...read more.

Middle

In his power struggle, he took the side of the hard-line Stalinists, in favour of traditional heavy industries. This made him popular among colleagues. However, when he had complete control of Russia, he changed his views and took the side of "cotton-dress industrialisation", this meant more emphasis on consumer goods. There was an overthrowing attempt but it fell through. Khrushchev was very devious but he got his own way and there was more emphasis on consumer goods in industry. His main reform was in 1958 when he introduced 105 regional economic councils "the sovnarkhozy". Every sovnarkhoz had to manage the affairs of its region. The sovnarkhozy was just something for Khrushchev to use to hide behind the "metal-eaters". The sovnarkhoz was discarded after Khrushchev's downfall. There were low wages in industry, no overtime but there was no unemployment. This led to over manning in factories. Fourthly, and again most importantly, the Virgin Lands project. When Khrushchev took over, Russia was finding it hard to feed itself, due to a large population increase. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lastly, Was Khrushchev's personality and style to blame for his downfall? Below, I will make a table of his personality positives and negatives. + - Energetic Dynamic Gregarious Good humoured Uncouth Hot tempered Impulsive Foul mouthed Undignified Embarrassing As you can see, the negatives weigh out the positives, his colleagues got particularly tired of him by 1964. I will demonstrate a couple of examples of Khrushchev's behaviour. In 1962, Khrushchev was invited to an art exhibition by Bilyutin. He went into the gallery and inspected the paintings, while inspecting he swore unpleasantly about the work he was looking at and he said, "a donkey could do better with its tail" and "it looks like horse manure". In 1960, Khrushchev attended the UN general assembly in New York. When Prime Minister Macmillan of the UK was speaking, Khrushchev did not agree with him and he took his shoe off and banged it on the table in front of all the leaders. This was very degrading for Russia. All of these reasons played a part in the downfall of Nikita Khrushchev. His colleagues forced him into retirement. He left as leader of the Communist party in late 1964. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lee Bettis 10n Dr White ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1950-1999 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1950-1999 essays

  1. U.S. - Soviet relations.

    The Atlantic Charter represented the embodiment of Roosevelt's quest for moral justification of American involvement. Presented to the world after the president and Prime Minister Churchill met off the coast of Newfoundland in the summer of 1941, the Charter set forth the common goals that would guide America over the next few years.

  2. Explain the success and failures of Mao in China

    The government thought that the peasants should be brought under control, through collectivisation therefore China's agricultural land was split up into 10000 communes with each commune made up of 75000 brigades, with each brigade contained around 200 households. Everything was divided by the government; this included the sale and distributions

  1. Communism in China

    It was not until the 1980's that censuses were done to show how many had died. Each census came back with different data ranging from 15-50 million people dead. The common figure given is around 25 million (Fitzgerald, 92; Meisner, 113).

  2. How Successful was Soviet Foreign Policy under Khrushchev and Brezhnev

    The decision to rescue Afghanistan by quashing the insurgents who disagreed with the new socialist government's reform of traditional life in Czechoslovakia in 1979 outraged Islam and reinforced the 'anti-hegemonist' case from China. The US made the decision to withdraw from talks regarding SALT II and to boycott the Moscow Olympic Games.

  1. How can we best explain the failure of Kennedy administration in the Bay of ...

    He was also, unconcerned by the claims of American businessmen for compensation for property which he had nationalized. There was no compensation for their loss in Cuban courts. When Eisenhower cut the amount of sugar that America would purchase from Cuba, he little realized that he was persuading Castro to

  2. Does Deterrence work?

    and the Horn of Africa (1970-90). Internal conflicts include Cuba (1959-90), Iraq (1958-78) and Libya (1969-80). Michael Walzer argues from a consequentialist point if view that deterrence is right. His theory maintains that, since human well-being is the basis of judging an action, moral judgements will be based on the prospect of bringing about a greater good or lesser evil.

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world has every come to nuclear ...

    On October 5, Director of Central Intelligence John McCone predicted that there was a possibility that the Soviet military buildup "would end up with an established offensive capability in Cuba including MRBMs" (US Government website). Special Assistant for National Security Affairs McGeorge Bundy disagreed, stating that the Soviet Union wouldn't make such an audacious challenge.

  2. "Nuclear weapons cause more problems than they offer solutions." Discuss.

    following a set of actions - effectively a stand off or a stalemate between the actors. The concept of deterrence can be seen easily in public statements, for example, Churchill told Parliament on Britains hydrogen bomb was, "the deterrent upon the Soviet union by putting her....on an equality or near

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work