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University Degree: Criminal law

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 34
  1. The need for reform of the old common law on shameless indecency became increasingly urgent in the 1980s and 1990s.

    exposure, which the court regarded as a crime against public morals.[6] Upon Lord Justice-Clerk?s analysis of this case, it was found that the crime was dependant on the public quality of the conduct, namely exposure to the public at large even where the locus was technically a private place.[7] The later decision in McLaughlan v Boyd[8] brought confusion to the law on shameless indecency as it provided an ulterior distinction to the law compared to what was held in McKenzie v Whyte.[9] The main question in the appeal was whether the common law crime of lewd, indecent and libidinous practices

    • Word count: 2225
  2. Mens Rea of Assault. The issue in this case is whether Matthews admitted actions, which were carried out as a joke, would constitute as a relevant defence to the charge of assault held against him

    Advise Matthew on the likely outcome of the case against him. You should not make reference to the law on assault, but focus on the mental element of crime which we have already covered in class. The issue in this case is whether Matthew?s admitted actions, which were carried out as a joke, would constitute as a relevant defence to the charge of assault held against him. The general rule is that before a person can be convicted of a criminal offence it must be shown that the alleged offender committed an act or omission proscribed by the criminal law at the time that the alleged crime or offence was committed.

    • Word count: 1997

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Critically assess the impact of the way in which media and politicians represented the murder of James Bulger by Venables and Thompson on youth justice policy and practise over the last ten years.

    "In conclusion I feel that the impact of the way the media and politicians represented the James Bulger case had a huge impact on youth justice policy over the last 10 years. The case shocked the country and called for change so that this would never happen again, the media by portraying youth society as it did had major influence on public feeling and on what should be done. Politicians have the power to impliment new policy such as the youth justice acts and so on. Together media and politicians had the most impact on the representation of the james bulger murder. I am in no way lessening the terrible violence that was committed by jon venables and robert thompson but i am concluded that if it hadn'' been for the media and political influence there might have been a very different outcome. Especislly the outcomes of youth justice policy and practise over the last 10 years."

  • Discuss the Strengths and the Weaknesses of conservative Criticisms of Liberal Democracy.

    "To conclude, there are some critical strengths that are found within the liberal democratic system, although due to their differences in beliefs and ideologies many more weaknesses were found. Many of these new principals were rejected by other loyal members of the Conservative Party. It was the idea behind the liberal thinking of radical change, and the break up of traditional values and ideologies. The conservatives as mentioned were much more a custom to the concept of gradual change."

  • Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of psychological (offender) profiling.

    "Conclusion Overall, although it is evident that without the co-operation of the victim in reporting crime, furnishing evidence, identifying the offender and acting as a witness in court, most crime would remain unknown and unpunished, victims had received very little recognition or attention until the last two decades. The last 2-3 decades have seen monumental measures to rectify this. However, it must be borne in mind that measures like the Victims Charter and other charters have no legal status and their role is 'perhaps best seen as a statement of interest rather than providing justifiable rights' (Fenwick, 1995). Also, the response in the UK to meeting the needs of victims has focused rather narrowly on providing support and services for the victim along with some financial compensation without endeavouring major changes in the judicial system. Thus, it is obvious that despite all the measures outlined, a lot more needs to be accomplished to strengthen the position of the victim in the Criminal Justice system in the UK."

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