• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Describe the jurisdiction of the High Court and the County Court in civil cases including an explanation of the track system

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Describe the jurisdiction of the High Court and the County Court in civil cases including an explanation of the track system.' There are four main civil courts in the English Legal System, which hold civil jurisdiction; the County Court, High Court, Court of Appeal and The House of Lords. There are also smaller civil courts with some jurisdiction such as the Magistrate's Court and then there is the European Court of Justice setting precedent for all our courts. The magistrate's court has a very small amount of civil jurisdiction. They are responsible for granting licences to pubs, betting shops and other outlets. They also have jurisdiction over some domestic matters such as adoption and some other matrimonial matters. ...read more.

Middle

The county court hears cases up to �50,000, for both personal injury and normal claims, since the recommendations for reforms from Lord Justice Woolf in the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990. These cases are nearly always heard in open court (anyone can attend) and utilise the three track system introduced by Woolf in the Civil Procedure Act 1997 to improve the efficiency of the civil justice system. These are the Small Claims procedure, Fast Track and Multi Track systems. The Small Claims procedure is designed to be relatively cheap, simple and fast. Claims under �5000 (�1000 for personal injury) are heard using the Small Claims procedure and the claimant and defendant are encouraged to represent themselves to lower costs. ...read more.

Conclusion

These divisions are The Queen's Bench Division, Chancery Division and Family Division. The Queens Bench Division is headed by Lord Chief Justice and the vast majority of cases that come before this court are concerned with all forms of tort law and breach of contract. The Queen's Bench Division also conducts judicial Review cases. The Chancery Division deals with company law matters, conveyancing, land law matters, copyright actions and breach of patent, probate and taxation cases. The final division is the Family Division whose jurisdiction is primarily to hear divorce and matrimonial cases. Also it hears social welfare cases (child welfare, financial orders for the division of family property, payment of maintenance and others.) Other minor issues concerning the court include adoption, custody and the access of children. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree English Legal System section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree English Legal System essays

  1. Where judges do not follow precedent (or where they distinguish binding cases on dubious ...

    Doughty v Turner Manufacturing [1964] 1 All ER 98, CA A man P was badly burned when a workmate carelessly knocked a cement block into a bath of molten metal; there was no splash, but a minute or so later there was a violent and wholly unexpected chemical reaction.

  2. Alternative Dispute Resolution.

    Sun Tzu wrote that quite some time ago. One would think people had begun to catch on by now. Alas. The following is not actually a case that was settled short of litigation, but it does at least describe an object lesson in the value of avoiding an adversarial approach to dispute resolution.

  1. Can Arbitration be combined with other forms of dispute resolution?

    that a company has a separate identity (even within a group of companies) from that of its incorporators, to the lay individual the Court of Appeal's judgement might be seen as unfair in that the parent company should be held accountable for the actions of its subsidiaries.

  2. [Alternative Dispute Resolution] has been described as being 'at the heart of today's' civil ...

    Arbitration acts as a court substitute, so it is taking the burden away from the court do that the court has more time to deal with more serious and complicated cases. Another big advantage is that a number of international trade cases are heard in London.

  1. Free essay

    Evaluation of the English Court System

    in operation is in exclusion clauses in contract law which applies the "contra proferentem" rule). It shows how judges may "reason backwards". However, could also be said to confirm fears that the courts are in need of reform to put a stop to the "claim culture" in which we now live1.

  2. Effectiveness Of The Woolf Report Reforms.

    of case management has meant the slight movement towards an inquisitorial system. The adversarial system creates a battle between the two sides i.e. the adversaries, and naturally a battle resorts to the use of tactics. A common tactic used by lawyers is delay, this in turn costs money, in order

  1. This essay will critically evaluate the development of English law relating to the ability ...

    Zuckerman also claims the Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) 1998 have "done nothing to improve the situation." (ibid) With Legal Aid being established in 1949 by the Legal Aid and Advice Act, it is now 51 years since England has begun tackling the problems of costs in litigation.

  2. The hierarchy of civil court.

    The civil jurisdiction of the Magistrate's Court is quite related to the County Court and the High Court. They also have responsibility for dealing with civil debts such as rent for council tax, electricity and other state-charged utilities. 2. Consider any reforms that are necessary include disadvantages and advantages Many

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work