• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Describe the jurisdiction of the High Court and the County Court in civil cases including an explanation of the track system

Extracts from this document...


'Describe the jurisdiction of the High Court and the County Court in civil cases including an explanation of the track system.' There are four main civil courts in the English Legal System, which hold civil jurisdiction; the County Court, High Court, Court of Appeal and The House of Lords. There are also smaller civil courts with some jurisdiction such as the Magistrate's Court and then there is the European Court of Justice setting precedent for all our courts. The magistrate's court has a very small amount of civil jurisdiction. They are responsible for granting licences to pubs, betting shops and other outlets. They also have jurisdiction over some domestic matters such as adoption and some other matrimonial matters. ...read more.


The county court hears cases up to �50,000, for both personal injury and normal claims, since the recommendations for reforms from Lord Justice Woolf in the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990. These cases are nearly always heard in open court (anyone can attend) and utilise the three track system introduced by Woolf in the Civil Procedure Act 1997 to improve the efficiency of the civil justice system. These are the Small Claims procedure, Fast Track and Multi Track systems. The Small Claims procedure is designed to be relatively cheap, simple and fast. Claims under �5000 (�1000 for personal injury) are heard using the Small Claims procedure and the claimant and defendant are encouraged to represent themselves to lower costs. ...read more.


These divisions are The Queen's Bench Division, Chancery Division and Family Division. The Queens Bench Division is headed by Lord Chief Justice and the vast majority of cases that come before this court are concerned with all forms of tort law and breach of contract. The Queen's Bench Division also conducts judicial Review cases. The Chancery Division deals with company law matters, conveyancing, land law matters, copyright actions and breach of patent, probate and taxation cases. The final division is the Family Division whose jurisdiction is primarily to hear divorce and matrimonial cases. Also it hears social welfare cases (child welfare, financial orders for the division of family property, payment of maintenance and others.) Other minor issues concerning the court include adoption, custody and the access of children. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree English Legal System section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree English Legal System essays

  1. This essay will critically evaluate the development of English law relating to the ability ...

    CPR r.44.4(2) states that "where standard costs (which represent the normal measure of costs) have been ordered, the court will 'only allow costs which are proportionate to the matters in issue.' The aim of this was for the Court to disallow legal representatives charging the Earth for extremely minor matters

  2. Where judges do not follow precedent (or where they distinguish binding cases on dubious ...

    but declined to overrule the decision in Dowling even though four members of the House thought it had been mistaken. The House's power to depart from one of its previous decisions should only be sparingly exercised, said Lord Simon (one of the four), for the advantage of finality should not be thrown away too readily.

  1. Alternative Dispute Resolution.

    In that context, some forms of ADR are mandated by statute to avoid overloading the court system (Corley, et al, 2001, pp. 69-70). Typically this amounts to mandated binding arbitration as a preliminary step that must be taken prior to entering formal litigation.

  2. Criminal Court.

    are just deemed to have a lot of experience so therefore qualify. Civil Courts The County Courts of England and Wales, deal with cases of lesser value, importance and complexity. Indeed, claims of under �1,000 can be dealt with by the increasingly popular small claims procedure, which provides for informal arbitration.

  1. [Alternative Dispute Resolution] has been described as being 'at the heart of today's' civil ...

    Thirdly, arbitration can occur by statue i.e. Employment Protection [Consolidation] Act 1978, allowed disputes to do with employment to be resolved by A.C.A.S. [Advisory Conciliation Arbitration Service]. Other types of A.D.R's. include mediation, conciliation and negotiation. Mediation is the least formal of the other A.D.R's. Conciliation is half-way between mediation and negotiation and negotiation is when one party negotiates directly with the other party.

  2. Whether to sueIn civil cases, it is up to the potential claimant (formerly called ...

    Bolton v Stone [1951] 1 All ER 1078, HL A woman standing on the road outside her house was struck by a cricket ball hit over the fence from a nearby cricket ground. She sued the officers of the club both in negligence and in nuisance, though on the facts she failed on both.

  1. Free essay

    Evaluation of the English Court System

    The defence, in my opinion delivered a strong and convincing argument, so much so that I thought the judge would find in their favour. The witnesses were cross-examined and a number of discrepancies in witness statements were found, including that if the pothole was in fact actionable at the time,

  2. Can Arbitration be combined with other forms of dispute resolution?

    The introduction of 'no win - no fee' actions and the willingness of people to complain has meant more and more people are willing to seek a remedy to their complaint through the court system. A report by Comptroller and Auditor General, 3 May 2001, stated that provisions for settling

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work