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Do Judges Make New Law in Hard Cases?

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  • Essay length: 5573 words
  • Submitted: 19/06/2006
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University Degree English Legal System

The first 200 words of this essay...

DO JUDGES MAKE NEW LAW IN HARD CASES?

JOSEPH BUCCHERI

I. INTRODUCTION. 1

II. HERBERT LIONEL ADOLPHUS HART (1907-1992). 2

A. HART'S SLANT ON POSITIVISM. 2

B. HART'S VIEW OF JUDICIAL DECISION MAKING. 3

C. PLAIN CASES - THE MOTOR CAR AN AUTHORATIVE EXAMPLE. 3

D. APPLYING THE AUTHORATIVE EXAMPLE - THE ROLLER SKATE. 4

E. INDETERMINACY - MEN ARE NOT GODS. 4

F. INDETERMINACY OF AIM - THE ELECTRIC CAR. 5

G. DELEGATION - SETTING A RATE. 6

H. REASONABLENESS - THE DUTY OF CARE. 6

I. PRECEDENT - INDETERMINACY OF A COMPLEX KIND. 7

III. RONALD DWORKIN. 8

A. EXPANDED TEXT. 8

B. HOW ARE PRINCIPLES APPLIED? 9

C. STRAW MAN. 9

1. Discretion. 10

D. WHEN CAN A JUDGE MAKE NEW LAW IN DWORKINS MODEL? 12

E. CRITICS OF DWORKIN 13

1. Stanley Fish. 13

2. John Gardner 14

IV. CONCLUSION - IS HART'S JUDGE CREATING NEW LAW? 15

V. BIBLIOGRAPHY. 18

I. INTRODUCTION.

How do judges arrive at the decisions they make when adjudicating cases? This question has been the

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