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University Degree: Jurisprudence

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  1. Free essay
  2. The Role of Government and campaigners in Protecting and Promoting Human Rights in IRAQ

    So the war against terrorism is never going to be justified with no proof found. This essay will explain how the war in IRAQ has affected the Role of government in protecting the Iraqi human rights and the scale of campaigners who are operating separately in promoting and protecting as well the abused human rights that the Iraqi people are suffering form. Around the world governments has been the protector of human rights for their citizens. They implement rules and laws that explain the consequences of abusing these rights. The government must be able to protect the right to live freely (as long as it does not affect others).

    • Word count: 1076
  3. Perhaps the most pertinent issue regarding the justification of torture is the ongoing and vibrant debate surrounding the 'tic

    For example, ASIO has Abu Bakar Bashir under surveillance, and legally arrests him just after broadcasting that there is an imminent attack (i.e. within hours) in the Melbourne CBD and that thousands of civilians will die. Would it be justified to use torture to extract the information necessary to prevent the attack and save the civilian lives? Hypothetical cases similar to this where time is of the essence are used as examples of where torture could be justified as the lesser of two evils, and as a trade off of rights.

    • Word count: 8237
  4. HOW FAR IS THE IDEA OF UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS AN ILLUSION?

    This paradox existing between the growing importance of Human Rights and their constant breaches is made even more surprising by the fact that Human Rights became in the century's finale a pervasive global cause, culminating in the most unusual of modern wars, the NATO intervention in Kosovo[1] and the American expeditions in the Middle East (Afghanistan and Iraq). As never before, the foreign political stage is seemingly dominated by claims for basic political, individual and even social and economical rights (with the growth of an anti-globalization movement).

    • Word count: 1627
  5. Are human rights and multiculturalism compatable

    Here it is argued that while diverse cultures may live very different and often conflicting lives, this does not stop the compatibility of basic human rights which everybody whatever world group they belong deserves to have just for the mere reason they are human. On the other hand, it can be argued that the concept of western bias within Human rights leads to a possible incompatibility of rights and diverse cultures. The individualistic approach of western morals found in human rights, means that the rights are somewhat conflicting to the eastern culture of collective and community rights.

    • Word count: 2431
  6. Are Utilitarians able to take into account Rights

    Rights as understood by the utilitarians would be the separateness of a person's protection being sacrificed for another's utility e.g. stealing someone's car-parking space for ease of convenience. Certain rights can be held to be deontological (Kant is touched on later). By this I mean that certain3 actions are morally permitted or forbidden through moral norms like for example lying would be wrong by deontological standards even if it produces happiness or utility. There are just certain kinds of acts too morally wrong to commit because they are not consistent with the status of a person as a free rational being.

    • Word count: 1759
  7. Land Law

    Registration aided this. The system of tenure is no longer in use but concept of a 'slice of time' from the Sovereign still applies. Registration principally means that a national body records the title in the land. This means that potential investigators in the land can obtain all relevant information regarding a property gaining 'a full picture as possible.' The Registry then has a responsibility to any person who buys the land to inform them of interests in the land by other parties.

    • Word count: 2155
  8. HistoryIn what ways were the lives of Africans changed by the policy of Apartheid during the 1950's, 1960's and 1970's?

    Then in 1950 the government realised that this was not thorough enough and so the "Immorality Act" was passed, which stopped any sexual intercourse with whites and other different races. To further this, other laws were introduced as previous laws attempted were not achieved successfully, as it was impossible to check up on everyone. In 1951 the "Population Registration Act" was enforced to separate each racial group, by colour of their skin; white, native or coloured using a racial register.

    • Word count: 701
  9. In 1834, the Whig government passed the Poor Law Amendment Act, which significantly changed the nature of poor relief in Britain. Broadly speaking, the Royal Commission was the main influence on the terms of this act

    The commission recommended the establishment of the central Poor Law Board to co-ordinate relief on a national scale. In 1831, there were over 15,000 parishes, very few of which had amalgamated into Poor Law unions; some were using outdoor relief, others the Speenhamland system, and Indoor relief was also employed. Senior and Chadwick believed that a centrally controlled system would be more cost-efficient through the use of economies of scale, and that the level of provision would also be standardised; leading to an overall drop in conditions inside workhouses and therefore a drop in overall expenditure.

    • Word count: 1440
  10. Do we need a national Bill of Rights in Australia? Discuss critically.Introduction: The Bill of Rights is a legal document intended to protect human rights. Australia is one of the few democratic

    Economic, social and cultural rights refer to the matter of human wellbeing and daily life,4whilst Legal Status embraces 'legal equality and fair trial, freedom of speech and the right to participate in public life'5. This shows that the Bill of Rights covers a range of aspects about human rights. On the other hand, constitutional law only covers a few rights such as the 'right to trial by jury, freedom of religion, acquisition of property on just terms, and electoral rights'6.

    • Word count: 1970
  11. "...widespread acceptance is that sport is of public value and it is this value that underpins the argument for legal protection." Discuss

    Whether actively participating or watching an event, there is a clear recreational function, as a form of entertainment. However, not all of these are relevant when one considers televised, as opposed to real life, sport. Watching darts on television does nothing for one's general level of fitness, though it may ultimately encourage participation. Irrefutably, televised sport serves social, cultural and recreational purposes. Not everyone can get to a stadium to see a match or watch a game, particularly at international events.

    • Word count: 4073
  12. "For Tennyson, to act is vital; there is nothing to be gained by passivity." Tennyson's poem "Godiva" tells the story of a woman named Godiva who was the wife of Lord Leofric.

    however the pure assertiveness of Godiva to ride naked on her horse for anyone to see, is a very daring and courageous act. However we see that this act is a very difficult task for Godiva, not managing to escape embarrassment, '...the barking cur made her cheek flame...' In the poem we are reminded of her lack of dress, however we are also reminded that despite the selfless act she is doing she is still an innocent woman and even when she is naked - she is clothed!

    • Word count: 992
  13. I.T. and the Law

    Most pirates copy software for their own use but some pirate copies software to sell to other people. In some European countries it is estimated that each software package that is sold is copied seven times. In other parts of the world this figure is much higher. Illegal copying of software reduces the income of software companies. Having invested money in designing and producing software these companies need to earn income from software sales to recover these costs and make a profit. Without this income software companies will go out of business and the range of new software that is developed will be reduced.

    • Word count: 3318
  14. How would you sensibly restrict a right to freedom of expression?

    This could be bad news for the suppressed gay immigrants of the population. In a healthy democracy it is vital that smaller groups are heard, and there is no way to guarantee these voices if the government can restrict free speech. As social philosopher John Stuart Mill argued in On Liberty, a struggle always takes place between the competing demands of liberty and authority, and we cannot have the latter without the former: All that makes existence valuable to anyone depends on the enforcement of restraints upon the actions of other people. Some rules of conduct, therefore, must be imposed -- by law in the first place, and by opinion on many things which are not fit subjects for the operation of law.

    • Word count: 1646
  15. Teaching objectives:1.Knowledge: (1) Enable Ss to master the sentence patterns and words learned in this unit. (2) Enable Ss to master the grammar in this unit2.Ability: Enable Ss to master the grammar .

    T: Is that your pen? S2: No, it isn't. It's your pen. (3) T: What's this in English? S3: It's a ring. T: How do you spell it? S3: R-I-N-G. (4)T: Is this your eraser? S4: Yes, it is. It's my eraser. T: Here you are. S4: Thank you. (5)T: What's this? S5: It's a key. T: What about this? S5: It's a set of keys. Step2: Play game: Guess. (12mins)(part4) T uses some pictures to asks Ss to guess the things in the pictures. Every picture have three chances. 1.(1)T asks one student to play the game in order to give an example and asks Ss to use the sentence patterns.(1min)

    • Word count: 684
  16. NIKE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

    In other words, Nike keeps its profits high by subcontracting its production to the lowest-wage countries in the world and then failing to pay its workers a fair wage. The Concerns about the condition of the factories of overseas supplies in Asia began to increase in the early 1990s. A lot of manufacturing jobs were being moved or outsourced to countries in Asia due to the recession. The main critics were human rights activists such as Global Exchange and labor unions.

    • Word count: 1189
  17. KARL MARX ONCE DISMISSED HUMAN RIGHTS AS 'BOURGEOIS RIGHTS' WHAT DID HE MEAN BY THAT AND WAS HE RIGHT?

    Nor was his further will and inclination to their liquidation. Karl Marx wanted to create of a society where every single human being will be living in peace and quiet, sharing everything is great. An erasing of bourgeoisie, and so their rights form the society, was a foundation stone for creation of a new socialistic state which will be looking "towards a future ideal society in which the freedoms it proclaims will require no guarantees". (Lukes, 1985: 62) Unfortunately, because of the human nature this theory could never be turned to practise.

    • Word count: 2102
  18. 'Defining Moments', Professor Joseph L. Badaracco, Jr. presents a framework in which he explains how to tackle with situations where both choices are correct.

    This was a very clear incident which included two options, one right and one wrong. The professor then goes on to giving another example of Johnson & Johnson's medicine Tylenol. Consumption of cyanide laced Tylenol had resulted in the death of six people. Berke, a senior at J & J, should have technically pulled the medicine off the racks; however officials on the other hand suggested that the medicine not be pulled off as it may give people other terrorist related ideas.

    • Word count: 1233
  19. An Introduction to the Law of Intellectual Property

    a product resulting from the features of, in particular, the lines, contours, colours, shape, texture or materials of the product itself or its ornamentation; * Copyright for material - literary and artistic material, music, films, sound recordings and broadcasts The laws which govern intellectual property in Tanzania are: 1. The Patents Act, 1987; 2. Trade and Service Marks Act, 1986; and 3. The Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act, 1999. PATENTS (The Patents Act, 1987) Definition A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem.

    • Word count: 10353
  20. The Patriot Act

    The act contains a number of provisions, some of which will expire at the end of 2005 and some of which that are non-expiring. (www.wikipedia.com) Basically, the law gives extra powers to the intelligence officers and other law enforcement personnel, both foreign and domestic. The Patriot Act provides law enforcement officers with many tools to help fight terrorism. Many of these tools have been used for decades to fight against organized crime and drug trafficking and have been reviewed and approved by US courts.

    • Word count: 2529
  21. Immigration controls in Britain are racist

    Push factors, are problems such as war, famine, disease, and perhaps natural hazard that forces individuals to leave their home. Even after earthquakes, tornadoes and hurricanes, most countries do not see these factors as a stimulus to move. Perhaps due to the level of technology, they may have trusts that they can reduce such pushes or that they will not happen again during their lifetimes. If the migration is dominated by push factors, it becomes forced migration, and the migrants are referred to as refugees.

    • Word count: 1963
  22. INDUSTRIAL CITIZENSHIP IN BRITAIN: ITS NEGLECT AND DECLINE

    This partly explains much of the subsequent lack of interest in developing the concept of industrial citizenship. This brings me the second theme of this paper. The decline of industrial citizenship in Britain during the past twenty years. This is also a paradox. Whilst industrial citizenship has been in decline in Britain, it has also been neglected by intellectuals, yet other dimensions of citizenship have arguably been extended. In the main body of the paper below I shall seek to demonstrate empirically the decline of industrial citizenship through an examination of the changes in British industrial relations legislation between 1980 and 1993.

    • Word count: 14803
  23. Martin Luther King- Civil Rights Movement

    In December 1956, bus companies agreed to allow all bus travelers equal rights regardless of race. This was King's first achievement of many in the fight for civil rights. In August in 1957 King was named as President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). The CLC organized and initiated the campaign of 'direct action'. This involved peaceful protests such as boycotts, demonstrations and marches. One of the most successful forms of protest was sit-ins. The SCLC succeeded in integrating public eating areas in 1961.

    • Word count: 1063
  24. Discuss and consider the extent to which the Land Registration Act 2002 meets the principles referred to in to in the quotation, including in your answer discussion of the extent to which pre-registration concepts persist in relation to dificult cases.

    The Act also aims to implement Electronic - Conveyancing, and to allow the state of title to be investigated with the minimum of additional enquiries and inspection [3]. This piece will focus on how the LRA 2002 has made title more secure and easily provable. The LRA 2002 increases the triggers for registration of land. The aim of this being that as many interests as possible, be entered on the register so that it shows a complete and accurate reflection of the state of title to land.

    • Word count: 2459
  25. Children's views, needs, wishes and feelings are at the heart of national legislation and international agreements and conventions. Discuss critically

    This is evident through every day situations such as school subjects and religion. School subjects are made compulsory depending upon geographic area until the age of 14 and religion is inherited. Parents determine most, if not all aspects of child's life. Such as religion, values and culture. Parents determine whom their children play with therefore determining their socialisation. Children are very rarely listened to in respect of decisions that effect their lives. Carol Bellamy states that "Giving children a voice is a cornerstone of the Convention of the Rights of the Child." Yet there is no evidence to suggest that children were involved in the construction of the UN Convention.

    • Word count: 3183

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