• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The death penalty is an effective punishment for the worst crimes and should be reintroduced in the United Kingdom. Discuss

Extracts from this document...


?The death penalty is an effective punishment for the worst crimes and should be reintroduced in the United Kingdom?. Discuss. The death penalty is the ?sentence of execution for murder and some other capital crimes?[1], with certain countries such as Sudan going a step further and employing the death penalty upon people convicted of homosexuality[2]?. This paper will argue for the death penalty to be reinstated in the United Kingdom (UK). The methods of execution are widespread and include beheading, the electric chair, gas chambers, hanging, the lethal injection and shooting, with the ?lethal injection proving to be the most popular?.[3] It is a topic that sparks a wide array of emotions in many people. Many are vociferously opposed to such a concept, citing moral and practical reasons, whilst many feel although it is appropriate and effective for adult perpetrators of the worst crimes. ?67% of Americans supported the death penalty for convicted murderers in 2001?,[4] increasing to ?71% in 2002 before dropping back to 67% in 2003,'[5] implying a stable acceptance of the utilization of the death penalty. Similarly in the UK, 59% of the populous agree that the death penalty is sometimes appropriate.[6] Since 1965, the position of the UK is that ?no person shall suffer death for murder?[7]. The death penalty was officially abolished in 1969[8] for murder in Great Britain with Northern Ireland following soon after in 1973[9]. More recently in 1998 the death penalty was abolished for all crimes, treason included.[10] This paper will be split into three sections; the ...read more.


Since the death penalty was abolished, ‘official crime figures show the UK also has a worse rate for all types of violence than the U.S,’[27] which employs the death penalty. When taking into account the rise in population vs. the increased crime rate, the rates for unlawful killings in the UK have more than doubled since the abolition of the death penalty,[28] strongly suggesting the existence of a positive correlation between employment of the death penalty and deterrence of crime. Secondly, it certainly also ‘deters’ the individual criminal from re-offending. There is no possibility of a re-offence if said criminal is not alive to offend. Even if such a criminal were to serve multiple life sentences and never get out, there is still the danger that he may pose to members of staff within the prison, as well as other inmates. In short, the death penalty is both logically and mathematically proven to be a significant deterrent to crime. Money is a finite resource, that shouldn’t be squandered without reason. Especially now that the UK is in recession,[29] the prison system has limited resources to deal with these criminals.[30] ‘Each new prison place costs £170,000 to build and maintain, and the cost per prisoner per year is £41,000;’[31] an alarming statistic considering that maintaining a prisoner for a year is almost double the GDP per capita in the UK.[32] Are perpetrators of the worst crimes really worth double what the average hardworking British taxpayer is? ...read more.


397-417. [24] Hashem Dezhbakhsh, Paul H. Rubin, Joanna M. Shepherd of Emory University [25] Hashem Dezhbakhsh, Paul H. Rubin, Joanna M. Shepherd, ?Does Capital Punishment have a Deterrent Effect? New Evidence from Post-moratorium Panel Data?, page 32 [26] Hashem Dezhbakhsh, Paul H. Rubin, Joanna M. Shepherd, ?Does Capital Punishment have a Deterrent Effect? New Evidence from Post-moratorium Panel Data?, page 32 [27] James Slack, 'The most violent country in Europe: Britain is also worse than South Africa and U.S. ' (DailyMail.co.uk 2009) <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1196941/The-violent-country-Europe-Britain-worse-South-Africa-U-S.html > accessed 21st April 2012 [28] 'Recorded crime datasets' (Gov.uk 2012) <http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/science-research/research-statistics/crime/crime-statistics-internet/ > accessed 21st April 2012 [29] 'UK economy in double-dip recession' (BBC.co.uk 2012) <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-17836624 > accessed 25th April 2012 [30] 'Two-thirds of prisons overcrowded' (Guardian.co.uk e.g. 2005) <http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2009/aug/25/prison-reform-trust-jails-overcrowded> accessed 25th April 2012 [31] Juliet Lyon, director of the Prison Reform Trust [32] 'Economy ::United Kingdom' (CIA.gov 2012) <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uk.html> accessed 26th April 2012 [33] 'Death Penalty Cost' (AmnestyUSA.org 2008) <http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/death-penalty/us-death-penalty-facts/death-penalty-cost> accessed 30th April 2012 ($35,900 (2011 est.), (equal to 22,084.28 GBP, exchange rate accurate on 30th april 2012)) [34] Tracy L. Snell, 'Capital Punishment, 2010 - Statistical Tables' (USDOJ.gov 2011) <http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=2236 > accessed 29th April 2012 [35] Nick Ramsey, 'The price of a 9mm bullet' (MSN.com 2011) <http://thelastword.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2011/01/11/5815544-the-price-of-a-9mm-bullet?lite> accessed 29th April 2012 (average cost of a 9mm bullet is $0.22) [36] Baze v Rees, 553 US 35 (2008) [37] Mario Canseco, 'Most Britons Support Reinstating the Death Penalty for Murder' (Angus-Reid.com 2011) <http://www.angus-reid.com/polls/43992/most-britons-support-reinstating-the-death-penalty-for-murder/ > accessed 11th April 2012 [38] Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, '' (UNCHR 1 May 1998) <http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,IRBC,,SDN,456d621e2,3ae6ac5984,0.html> accessed 10th April 2012 [39] Adam Smith (1723-1790) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Jurisprudence section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Jurisprudence essays

  1. Universal conceptions of human rights should supersede culturally relative conceptions. Discuss. Assess the effectiveness ...

    Human rights are very important. No human being should be forced to suffer unnecessary treatment that will serve to inflict any form of harm, danger or that which reduces persons right to life. In the end, for the international community to become effective in the matter of human rights, it has to have the cooperation of national governments.

  2. Libertarian Welfare Rights. An Inquiry into the Coherence of Some Common Libertarian Commitments

    "Eradicating Systemic Poverty: Brief for a Global Resources Dividend," Journal of Human Development. 2 (1): 59-77. Also see: Author. Reference with-held. viii This can be weakened a bit to take into account the fact that states do not always succeed in exercising a monopoly on coercive force within their borders, but I set the relevant qualifications aside here.

  1. Marriage in the 21 century

    This still remains the legal definition in English law and presents one of the major problems of the contemporary view and the legal regulation of marriage in that it only presents a heterosexual view on marriage and bars non heterosexual i.e homosexual people from marrying even though the modern view

  2. The things which differentiate women from each other are more significant than what unites ...

    They take the view that the concept of equality is a social construct, not a legal one, although like all feminists they believe it is one created according to male thought and is in need of reconstruction. Postmodernism rejects the view that there needs to be a single theory that

  1. Judicial Review

    In this case the Local Licensing Authority would appear to be a public body whose decisions are reviewable by the courts because they derive their power from Statute; the Local Public Houses and Restaurants Act 2005. Therefore Rachael would be advised to make a claim for JR.

  2. An Introduction to the Law of Intellectual Property

    of PA, 1987. Examination Process Typically, an application for a patent is examined before a patent is issued or granted for an invention. That is to say, the application is reviewed by the Registrar for patentability and compliance with application requirements. Where the Registrar is satisfied that the applicant has complied with the


    The human rights groups were concerned with the abuse of labor rights of workers. Labor unions were also concerned about labor rights but were probably more concerned about jobs for their members in the United States. The movement of production from the United States to East Asia resulted in the


    Furthermore, this section also defies the provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment, which is entitles all persons within the US (including non-citizens) to the due process and the equal protection of the laws (ACLU). Critics like David Cole of Georgetown University Law Center, regard the Ashcroft detentions as unconstitutional.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work