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The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.

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  • Essay length: 4282 words
  • Submitted: 22/12/2003
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University Degree English Legal System

The first 200 words of this essay...

INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INSTITUTIONS

MO7914

COURSEWORK

PART 2 (QUESTION 3)

NAME: JACQUELINE YEE-BING LEE

STUDENT NUMBER: 01228801

NUMBER OF WORDS: 3,364

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. It began work in 1946, and its seat is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands) and it replaced the Permanent Court of International Justice which had functioned in the Peace Palace since 1922. It operates under its statute which is largely similar to that of its predecessor, which is an important part of the Charter of the United Nations. Thus, all members of the United Nations are automatically parties to the Statute. However, in certain circumstances, States which are not members of the United Nations may appear before the court, and may even become parties to its statute.

The court is composed of fifteen judges1 to hold nine-year terms of office by the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council2 sitting independently of each other. It may not include more than one judge of any nationality. Elections are held every three years for one third of the seats, and retiring

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