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Compare the poems by Shakespeare and Donne. Show how, though written in the same era and both connecting love the two parts have different styles through which to express their ideas.

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Introduction

Compare the poems by Shakespeare and Donne. Show how, though written in the same era and both connecting love the two parts have different styles through which to express their ideas. Both these poems were written in the late 16th to early 17th centuries. This is shown by the language used and the things they write about in their poems. They are also both romantic and loving poems. John Donne's poem 'The Sun Rising' is a poem written by a man who is talking to a woman he is lying in bed with. The whole poem is a conceit in that the man is talking to the sun. Despite the fact that it is a love poem the first verse starts off in an angry tone. The man is angry with the sun for waking him up as he wants to stay in bed with the woman. Donne uses argumentative language and aggressive lines and the use of staccato, onomatopoeic words show that the man is angry. 'Busie old foole, unruly sunne, Why dost thou thus,' However, this is mock anger as he is showing off to the girl he is in bed with and wants to compliment her and try to amuse her. ...read more.

Middle

'Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,' The onomatopoeic words rough and shake are used to make the wind sound aggressive. Shakespeare used the word 'darling' as a loving word to describe the summer which, at the time the sonnet was written would have been in May. Shakespeare then starts to complain and list all the bad things about summer so as to compliment the patron even more. He complains about the sun by saying sometimes it is too hot and sometimes it doesn't shine enough or gets cloudy. It is written using personification, as in Donne's poem, by speaking of the sun as if it is a real person. 'Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd' The alliteration and repetition used in the next line slows the reader down and so gives the impression of time passing which compliments what Shakespeare is saying that every thing fair will eventually change for the worse. 'And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, of natures changing course, untrimm'd;' The second verse of 'The sunne rising' starts with Donne still talking to the sun but rhetorically asking it why it thinks it is so powerful and impressive, because he can hide its ...read more.

Conclusion

'Princes do but play us; compared to this, All honours mimique; All wealth alchimie.' Next Donne turns his attention to the sun and shows sympathy for it. Donne appears to be worried that it is too old to still be rotating round the world every day (They still thought that the sun went round the earth)and the use of repetition of the letter 's' makes the reader slow down to indicate the sun's age. 'Thine age asks ease, and since thy duties bee To warm the world that's done in warming us.' Donne offers the sun an alternative of instead of going round the whole earth he only needs to shine on them because the whole world is in the bed. The poem ends by saying that the woman is everything to him and 'This bed thy centre is, these walls thy sphere.' The main themes of both these poems are love and flattery however this is displayed in different ways. In Donne's poem the flattery is obvious yet subtle at the same time and it is written from a man to a woman. Shakespeare's flattery however, is more obvious and it is a poet writing about a young man. Donne's poem is very heartfelt as, unlike Shakespeare, he did not have to write flatteringly, he really meant it. ...read more.

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