• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare William Makepeace Thackeray's 'The Due of the Dead' and Sir Henry Newbolt's 'Vitai Lampada' in terms of their effectiveness of form, structure, language and context.

Extracts from this document...


Q. Compare William Makepeace Thackeray's 'The Due of the Dead' and Sir Henry Newbolt's 'Vitai Lampada' in terms of their effectiveness of form, structure, language and context. As pre-First World War literary pieces, Thackeray's 'The Due of the Dead' and Newbolt's 'Vitai Lampada' share similar thematic threads, for example in the allusions to the ideals of honour and obligation, evident in the reference to 'gallant, patient hearts' and the personification of 'Honour' as 'a name' , in a contextual establishment where the majority of the upper class - to whom the poetic form of communication appealed most specifically to - lived behind an intricately fabricated fa´┐Żade of religious morality. Moreover, both poems also exhibit an emphasis on structure and rhythm, and while Newbolt opts for the effective poetic form of 8-line stanzas in a tight, regular structure, Thackeray utilises an ordered 4-line stanza structure with 8-syllable lines to maintain a constant rhythmic pace. There is also a prominence of rhyme with both poets employing the ABAB rhyme scheme, and the rhythmic structure explicit most especially in 'The Due of the Dead' provides an emphasis on the last words of each line, thereby complementing the poem's aural quality. ...read more.


dimension, and Newbolt's implications can quickly be dismissed as a propagandist viewpoint; however the poignant and persuasive nature of the poet's message to its target audience must not be underestimated. The use of language and literary techniques in both poems is vital in assessing their effectiveness. In 'The Due of the Dead', Thackeray addresses the reader directly in the quotation, 'Think you, it is enough, good friend...and there an end?', in order to impose upon them the significance of his subject matter. There is also a pause created before the response to the aforementioned question by the transition to a new stanza, and this acts to allow the reader to dwell more on the implication of the question before its answer is delivered on unequivocal terms - 'No'. The poet goes further to create an atmosphere of tragedy and pathos by the presentation of the damage caused by the soldier's death in a list form - 'Parents made childless, babes bereft/Desolate widows, sisters' - with the use of alliteration focusing attention especially on the damage dealt upon beings of utmost innocence. ...read more.


Both poems also employ the use of personification, particularly in their portrayal of England: Thackeray's 'England' is the communion of readers to which his poem is targeted, whereas Newbolt connects England to the cricket game, attributing it with the associated sense of security that is distant in the 'dust and smoke' of war - 'England's far'. In both cases the personification promotes the reader's sense of pride and patriotism, however while Thackeray manipulates this into an appeal to our sense of duty to the relatives and loved ones of England's 'slain soldiers', Newbolt injects accentuation into a paradoxical situation where, albeit the contrast between the safety of England and the horror of war is clearly evident, there is an mordant dimension of parallel in the transference of the 'torch in flame' - representative both of duty and pride - 'to the host behind'. In conclusion, therefore, while William Makepeace Thackeray's 'The Due of the Dead' and Sir Henry Newbolt's 'Vitai Lampada' express differing notions, both poems share a great deal of typicality with respect to context, in the presentations of their respective thesis. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Wilfred Owen section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Wilfred Owen essays

  1. Manus and Owen: two contrasting fortunes. How do their attitudes and fortunes change?

    to which he replies "So". Though the purpose of Owen and Yolland's trip to Baile Beag was to help anglicize place names, both find they no longer want to do so.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Presentations of the Individuals in Conflict with Society in ...

    Although he doesn't present anarchy within the society, Siegfried Sassoon also disagrees with the society he is surrounded by. During his time in the war, he chose to rebel against its actions and motifs. He strictly stands by his beliefs and does not let people attempt to change his views in order to cooperate with the norm.

  1. Compare the presentation of changing and contrasting attitudes throughout the First World War through ...

    Stephen's attitude was one of escaping from the harsh reality of his life. In some strange way he felt cheated by life and Isabelle and when she had left he lived his life in a limbo not existing for any particular purpose.

  2. The poem "Futility" by Wilfred Owen deals with the speaker's desperation after the experience ...

    the demand to "Move him" (I,1), building up a kind of wave of emotion by changing from a 3- to a 4- beat verse, speeding up pace by adding stronger stresses. When the "sun" doesn't react, he does himself, trying to rouse his companion to life again by recalling the past.

  1. Three poems by Wilfred Owen.

    A metaphor opens the third stanza, "like a cold gust" that would send a chill down ones spine. The "little word" is the order to ready for battle. There is no excitement at this stage, perhaps a resignation to the forthcoming battle.

  2. How important is landscape in some of the literature you have studied on the ...

    'Near Vermand' is another Ivor Gurney poem that uses landscape imagery. In the second line of the poem, the reader talks about' time to watch the stars'. This shows how the landscape was important to escape from the brutality of the war.

  1. The management issues that Robert Owen was dealing with at Lanark

    their children to obtain money, and many were sent out to work. Robert Owen also had sophisticated opinions on the ways in which education should be provided, he believed that education should consist of more the reading, writing and arithmetic (3R's), he also thought that education played an important part

  2. How does Bennett deal with the theme of imprisonment in two or more of ...

    his bad ways, that he could start afresh in a new place and change. But no matter where he goes he always seems to end up working around children. He always seems to be reminded of his past wherever he goes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work