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El Romanticismo en El Matadero, de Esteban Echeverra

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  • Essay length: 3771 words
  • Submitted: 07/04/2008
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University Degree Classical Studies

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El matadero es un cuento escrito por el escritor argentino Esteban Echeverría. En él se retrata de una manera metafórica la situación política de Argentina durante la dictadura de Juan Manuel de Rosas. El escritor argentino describe lo acontecido en un matadero de Buenos Aires utilizando este suceso realista para compararlo alegóricamente con el periodo histórico que comprende desde 1829 a 1852, es decir, la dictadura de Rosas. Según el crítico Sergio Waisman, el texto de Echeverría es una "alegoría fundacional, representando a la Buenos Aires real por metonimia"1. Es decir, el escritor argentino utiliza una parte específica de la ciudad para describir alegóricamente el ambiente general de la ciudad. Con este telón de fondo, Echeverría nos retrata las dos secciones en que se dividía el país: los federales, a favor de Rosas, y los unitarios, en contra de la dictadura. Este planteamiento de la trama confiere a la obra una originalidad argumental y estilística que, unida a la naturaleza genérica del texto (relato corto), llevan a casi todos los críticos a catalogar El matadero como la obra fundadora del género (cuento hispanoamericano). Por ejemplo, Andrés Avellaneda alude a su "rara heterodoxia estilística y temática" para catalogar el relato

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