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University Degree: Henry V
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Henry processes are vast passion and desire to conquer France as he lays claims to certain parts of France, based on his distant roots in the French royal family and on a very technical interpretation of ancient land laws. With the support of the English noblemen and clergy the English set off to conquer France much to the disgust of the French, especially the Dauphin.
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This was a significant factor in prompting the Duke of York to challenge for the throne as it appeared he had a more legitimate claim to it than Henry VI. It would take a similar effort to that of Henry V on the part of his son to maintain the Lancastrian stranglehold over England but as Keen points out, the lengthy minority of Henry VI was essentially detrimental to the dynasty. This period was indicative of the rise in magnate power through the minority councils and also the feud between Gloucester and Beaufort over foreign policy, trends which could only weaken government and the monarchy.
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The King was an opportunist who disliked papal authority and interference in his realm. He sought the vast wealth the English church possessed and often desperately short of money, it was near-blasphemy for his subjects to pay taxes directly to Rome. In any age and any land, war is the most expensive action a monarch can undertake. 16th century Europe rarely saw a year without military conflict and thus money was incessantly sought after at any cost. Professor Scarisbrick points out that in Henry "the ancient ambition to recover at least part of a lost empire was probably still alive in the very core of the man."2 Scarisbrick suggests that the king's rivalry with
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What really motivated the decision makers in determining what plan of action to take, and what were the alternatives? This new curiosity fueled an endless amount of essays, documents and protests and eventually a response from one of the key decision makers. 'The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb' was one of these documents, and perhaps one of the more important responses to this public outcry. This must have been what pushed Henry L. Stimson during his retirement to reinforce a decision he had made two years earlier that the Atomic bomb not only saved lives, but also ended the war.2 The documents most important aspects are the responses to this idea that they created a 'myth'.
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Analyse a text that makes use of rhetoric. Comment on how language is used to persuade the target audience.
It is apparent that the speech was pre-scripted through the lack of standard spontaneity features e.g. fillers and voiced hesitations. The speech is also a lot more formal than it would have been if it had been spontaneously delivered. However, halfway through the speech King did suspend his prepared text and begin to articulate his feelings spontaneously. Martin Luther King used a combination of ethos and pathos in this speech, whereby his own character was able to emanate through his use of language, and at the same time he could impress upon the emotions of his audience.
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Would you agree that the sounds, spelling, grammar and vocabulary of present-day English and Old English, as portrayed in the Caedmon extract (English: history, diversity and change, pp. 111-112), are closely related?
For this academic dissertation, the Caedmon story taken from Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People is used as a source of comparison. The four factors being analysed and discussed cover sounds, spelling, grammar and vocabulary. SOUNDS 4. Before proceeding further, let me highlight some of the Old English words taken from the Caedmon extract and compare them with present-day English. Old English Present-Day English halig holy hus house ut out aras arose swa so 5. In terms of pronunciation, the words from both categories differ in sounds but to a certain degree one can sense that there is a certain connection.
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However Canterbury reminds the audience that this was not always the case, "The breath no sooner left his father's body, But that wildness, mortified in him, Seemed to die too;"5 confirming that the King left his frivolous youth behind him, discarding his old friends and showing that, on a personal level, he can be hard hearted, Henry is a religious man and he seeks the support of the Church before waging war against France. "May I with right and conscience make this claim?"6 he asks Canterbury and Ely. However, this request could just be a means of 'covering his back'.
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Henry V and The Rover reveal not only the strategies of power but also anxieties informing them. Discuss this statement in an essay.
He urges the Archbishop to speak with "your conscience washed / As pure as sin with baptism." (I.2.31-32) Here we see that the king is not just concerned with just matters of the state but with the conscience of the entire state as well. Despite the long explanation from the Archbishop, the king repeats his question "May I with right and conscience make this claim?" (I.2.96) The Archbishop realising the king's need to have a clear conscience in declaring war, relieves him of his responsibility as he proclaims "The sin upon my head, dread sovereign!"
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They are also elaborate rhetorical devices, acting performances deliberately designed for particular effects. The main theme presents in the extract is the justification for Henry's invasion of France. King Henry V, begins with deception. Worried that forthcoming legislation will take much of the power and wealth from the Church of England, The Archbishop of Canterbury connives to manipulate King Henry V into a war with France since this will mean he will have to drop the proposed legislative reforms. The church generously even agreeing to help fund this campaign.
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During this project our focus was on the inclusion and exclusion of people on the basis of a criminal record.
Upon their release, society does not help much to include these individuals. They lack the choices in life that one is usually entitled to, especially when it comes to the world of work, where they will find many doors closed. As all other individuals, they should be given the opportunity to enjoy all of the important possibilities of life; as they too are entitled to a good Quality of Life. As a result of the above mentioned factors, an ex-prisoner may lead an uncomfortable lifestyle; exclusion being the greatest price they have to pay.
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"In relation to other factors, how far was Henry's desire for divorce the main cause of the Reformation in England in the 1530's?"
It was this, which would later have implications when the divorce became an issue. The marriage with Catherine was seen as being fairly secure and most of the population liked and respected her as a Queen, however, she had not granted Henry the thing he craved for most, a son and heir to his throne. By 1525 it had reached such a point where many believed Catherine was past childbearing age and consequently Henry needed a divorce so he could find a younger wife, who would be able to satisfy his desire for a son.
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It is certain that Anne wielded a considerable amount of influence over Henry before and partially through their marriage. She was able to manipulate and coerce him into obeying many of her desires. She played on his emotions and capitalized on his fear that she would leave him. On more than one occasion, she was able to take advantage of Henry's emotions and fears. During a time in which the divorce proceedings were looking particularly slim, Anne threatened to withdraw from such an untenable situation. Henry then burst into tears and exclaimed, "Do not speak of leaving me!"3 Anne knew the strength of Henry's love for her, and was able to use it to her advantage.
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Act 2 Scene 2 (Southampton) is the scene that I think Shakespeare has really shown Henry as a King. As usual, Shakespeare uses the chorus to excite the audience and to give a feeling and idea of what is going to happen next, so that the audience is going to really want to see the rest of the act. The chorus is always an excuse for Shakespeare to tell us through a non-actor what he thinks of the characters and what he wants the audience to feel.
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(t/e), 6 assert that he0 likes Mary (t/e)/t t, 4 he0 like Mary t/(t/e) t/e, 5 like Mary (t/e)/(t/(t/e)) t/(t/e) Every man can be analysed further: every man t/(t/e), 6 every man (t/(t/e))/(t//e) t//e (b) Translate the sentence in (a) into an expression of intensional logic, and show that the translation algorithm for mapping categories of English into types of intensional logic has been adhered to.
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My reformation, glittering o'er my fault, Shall show more goodly and attract more eyes Than that which hath no foil to set it off. I'll so offend, to make offence a skill, Redeeming time when men think least I will." (I, ii, l.213-222) Harry's plan is, and supposedly always has been, to do what he can to make the people of England think that he is a miscreant, so that they will be so taken aback by the contrast his reformation to a princely figure brings.
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Nevertheless, Henry's Reformation was not merely an act of State. It went beyond issues of jurisdiction and administration. The royal supremacy gave the king not only the power but the duty before God to advance true religion within his realm. This was a duty Henry took seriously, and official interest soon turned to the question of popular religion. Henry VIII never wavered in his determination to secure and enforce uniformity within his domains. Richard Rex suggested that as long as Henry remained committed to Rome and Catholicism, the impact of these doctrines was limited.
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This at once compresses the idea of a king as a feudal lord but one who supposedly loves his subjects. Yet this is not enough to illustrate the position of authority the monarch would have enjoyed. Mowbray comes somewhat nearer the truth when, in an attempt to flatter the king, he refers to the place Richard should duly occupy in heaven; Until the heavens, envying earth¹s good hap,/Add an immortal title to your crown.¹ (1.1.23-4). It was certainly the contemporary belief of Richard and many of his followers that the monarch was God¹s representative to the people: this is his relationship with his subjects.
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To what extent was Englandin a state of political, socio-economic and religious crisis at the succession of Edward VI in Feb. 1547?
The prospect of Edward VII being a minority king posed a serious threat to the stability of the government. Before he died in 1547, Henry attempted to prevent a power struggle by setting up a Privy Council of his most trusted advisors. There members were to have equal powers and were to govern until Edward reached 18 years of age. This meant there would be a balanced council between the Conservatives and the Radical factions, but by Henry's death the Radical faction had taken control. This can be blamed on Henry as he expelled Gardiner and had Norfolk arrested, therefore weakening the conservative faction.
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What was the effect of the Norman and Angevin kings' possession of Normandy on the government of England?
It has long a matter of dispute amongst historians as to how integrated England and Normandy became once they were united under a common ruler. Professor Le Patourel argues that Norman and English landholders saw themselves as a single society.1 CW Hollister goes further by remarking that William and Henry rule as though Normandy were, "the southern part of trans-channel kingdom." 2 However, Golding describes Le Patourel's idea of a Norman Empire as too simplistic, arguing that the states were simply governed by a common ruler without any kind of collective administrative structure.3 Furthermore, he persuasively argues that England and
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Pope Gregory VII and Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV began the rivalry and conflict of personalities in 1075.
Although investiture meant the ecclesiastical ceremony itself, the duties also included with the election and installation process. The dispute over investiture was one of the greatest struggles between Church and state in the Middle Ages. The problem rose from the dual position of the bishops and abbots. Thus from early times both King and Pope were concerned with clerical election and installation. The papacy felt they had overall control as they are a 'creation of God', whereas the Empire was a man made creation and did not deserve the same level of respect.
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With close reference to Henry V, Act 1, scene ii, ll.260-298, in an essay of approximately 1500 words, discuss - Henry's use of rhetorical devices- The way themes important to the play as a whole are present in this scene.
Henry's reply to the Dauphin's tennis ball insult (Act 1.2, 260-298, (4) contains all of these themes and dramatic qualities. In this speech alone it is evident that the king to desires to promote himself in a way Shakespeare and his contemporary audience sees fit for a perfect king. Shakespeare wanted to bridge the gap between actor and audience. The Kings' eloquent reply to the Dauphins' undiplomatic joke is in blank verse - this is Shakespeare's' usual form but he also used prose, mainly for characters of a lower social position.
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Aeschylus' Agamemnon does not show men in a good light. To what extent do you agree with this statement?
The first we know about him is that he murdered his daughter, just so he could go to war and bring back his brother's wife who had run away with another man. From this our first impression of the man are unpleasant, Aeschylus has managed to already condemn us against Agamemnon before we even meet him. When he does come on stage he does not improve himself. He shows no compassion to his wife displaying no emotion as husband, especially one who had been away for ten years.
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I called him back and told him that he must have me mistaken with another female because I had no idea what he was talking about. I was wondering why and for whom he was getting cleaned up for. The tone of voice that I used was very stern. I spoke with a lot of anger in my voice. I recall yelling and almost crying trying to ask him to explain himself. He could tell from my rhetoric how upset I was.
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Hal only has to answer to his father at this time, not the public. David, on the other hand, is concerned with the effect Amnon's actions will have upon the public if he proclaims them. David must face the results of his son's deeds publicly as he is king and will be judged politically in the public arena. Hal is described as a degenerate friend of Falstaff and he appears more at home in the tavern. His father, King Henry, deplores his behavior.
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The Queen did not miss this subtle hint. Just as the play begins to refer to the king the lines are omitted. Northumberland 'To keep him safely til his day of trial. -154- Bolingbroke Fetch hither Richard, that in common view he may surrender. Shall we proceed without suspicion... Richard Alack, why am I sent for to a king before I have shook off the regal thoughts wherewith I reigned?... God save the King! Will no man say Amen?... Bollingbroke Are you contended to resign the crown?
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