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University Degree: Literary Criticism

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  1. IN Faulkner's As I lay Dying What Would You Say To The Characters?

    Self-interest is what drives all the characters in the novel, but you top them all. Considering the only true thing that matters to you is Anse, I want you to see some examples of your insanity and how you can change it now that you have no other option. Addie requested before she died to be buried in Jefferson although you act sincere in wanting to fulfill your promise to her, all along you were being driven by another motive for getting to Jefferson.

    • Word count: 927
  2. Gulliver's Travels. Write a satirical critique on European Politics of Book 1 in Gullivers Travels.

    Echoing this is John Boyle's view, "In this last part of his imaginary travels...the representation which he has given us of human nature, must terrify, and even debase the mind of the reader who views it...we are disgusted, not entertained; we are shocked, not instructed, by the fable." Whatever the reasons may be, Gulliver's Travels may be regarded to be a representative of eighteenth century Europe in general and its politics in particular. This essay intends to firstly examine briefly the structure and narrative of the novel.

    • Word count: 2604
  3. The journey in Conrads Heart of Darkness enables him to frame his narrative. Explain.

    There is mindless blasting of hills to build a railway line where there is no obstruction, the imported drainage pipes are dumped causing them to break and hence rendering them useless and the inhuman treatment meted out to the natives where they are tied down like animals with iron collars and ropes which presents a very wicked picture of colonization. This madness is further established by the fact that the object of procurement, ivory, is of no intrinsic value to the colonizers; it is just the fetish that leads them to unleash the eternal "gloom" on natives.

    • Word count: 1035
  4. The purpose of the writers incorporating the technique of using sexual desire as a vehicle, instead of just stating the wider themes as they are, is to get the readers to infer the themes of control in One Flew over the Cuckoos nest, power in Engleby,

    She maintains this element of control through her constant emasculation of the men, carried out behind what could be argued is a sexless facade, or an attempted one at that. This is shown through the quote "A mistake was made somehow in manufacturing, putting those big, womanly breasts on what would of otherwise been a perfect work (1.118)" Nurse Ratched de-womanises herself in order to appear less sexually desirable to the men, as she knows that her power in the ward would be undermined if they saw her as a sexual object.

    • Word count: 2801
  5. To what extent can different aspects of Marxist literary theory be applied to Tony Harrisons poem, The Red Lights of Plenty?

    Thus it could be argued that the horn of plenty is a symbol of capitalism. Equally, it could be argued that "PLENTY" represents the worker, as the term is inextricably linked to Marxist ideas of production. Marx described capitalism, "with its predominance of quantity over quality", as converting "social products" into "market commodities"1. In personifying "PLENTY" (through use of capital letters) individualism is lost in the formation of the collective. The workers become dehumanised; reified by capitalism and alienated from themselves. The exploitation of the working classes is explored further through the way in which the poem is structured to portray the plenty (the workers)

    • Word count: 1820
  6. The Significance of Discourse in Jane Austens Emma

    Furthermore, the discourse in the novel, wrought with miscommunication, underscore the role of women at this time, and reveal the social status of Austen's characters. Every character, with the exception of Robert Martin, has a voice in the novel. A character's use or misuse of that voice establishes the degree of social merit for which that character qualifies. Also, the root cause behind the misuse of language is an important determining factor. An infraction of language rules based on ignorance is a lesser violation than an offense based on profit and self-indulgence.

    • Word count: 1715
  7. Uncle Toms Cabin: A Novel of Christian Ideals

    Stowe's novel still remains one of the most controversial novels ever written; then for its righteous portrayal of slaves, and now for its language and simplification of characters. Regardless of the many criticisms, however, all would agree that Stowe's sentimental and moving fictional account of slavery employs the force of Christianity and morality to appose the cruel and inhumane acts of slavery. Stowe shows her readers how life could improve for a person if they simply embrace Christianity. Stowe wrote for a predominantly religious audience, and being Protestant herself, she took great care to properly illustrate how the moral code of Christianity greatly opposes the system of slavery.

    • Word count: 1569
  8. Hard Times: A Characterization of Englands Industrial Revolution

    Wealthy factory owners began to capitalize on cheap labor, and the working class suffered due to nonexistent labor laws, long days, and little compensation. Dickens' Coketown, as presented in his novel, Hard Times, paints a picture of this progressive and uneasy time in England's history, using characters which represent each of the different social classes. Through character interaction and dialogue, Dickens presents his reader with a critical view of the blurred social status of the aristocrats, the greed, amorality, and flawed philosophy of the wealthy middle class, the daily suffrage of the working class, and the economically crippled life of the impoverished.

    • Word count: 1767
  9. Writers seem to find greatest expression when writing about the power of memories over the present. On the basis of your reading of Ishiguros The Remains of the Day and of your selection of Hardys poem

    Even the phrase's dissonance highlights the disjointedness between the physical world and the land of his memories. Hardy continued writing about Emma even after his second marriage to Florence Dugdale, further proof that he could never move forward, perhaps due to guilt about his new-found love and happiness after denying Emma these very same things. This idea is continued in the third stanza by the simile 'drawn rose-bright'3, with 'drawn' suggesting the permanence of what he faces - as if the memories were etched onto his mind's eye - and 'bright' highlighting how they shine out while everything else fades in comparison.

    • Word count: 3557
  10. Oscar Wildes The Nightingale and the Rose, similar to other Oscar Wildes short stories, is written in an aesthetic voice. Throughout the story, Oscar Wilde employs various stylistic devices for the expression of aesthetic concept. In order to show h

    For all the information you have put in the essay, you are required to indicate their sources each by means of brackets and then to match them in the references at the end of the essay. 1. Overview of Stylistics 1.1 Definitions of stylistics Stylistics refers to stylistic study specially. The aim of the stylistic study is to interpret the literary meaning and aesthetic effect of literature texts linguistically. There are many definitions on the stylistics. Leech and Short(1981:23)defined that "Compared with many other studies, literary stylistics is a new science, a linguistic approach towards literature works.

    • Word count: 5275
  11. Appreciation of The Unicorn in the Gardenand What is literature?

    And the main character Paul (symbolized himself) eventually got freedom from his mother's death and his lovers' left could be deemed as his hope to his life. Under authors' pen, the letters are come to life to tell out the authors' view and response on something. Jane Austin shows her worldview on marriage that it is not built on wealth, but on spiritual understanding of each other, in her greatest novel "Pride and Prejudice". Some assume that literature is simply anything that is written. Derived from the Latin littera, meaning "letter," the root meaning of literature refers primarily to the written works.

    • Word count: 4187
  12. The Analysis of the Dialogues in The Last Leaf Based on Cooperative Principle

    "Six," said Johnsy, in almost a whisper. "They're falling faster now. Three days ago there were almost a hundred. It made my head ache to count them. But now it's easy. There goes another one. There are only five left now." (2) "Five what, dear? Tell your Sudie." (3) "Leaves. On the ivy vine. When the last one falls I must go too. I've known that for three days. Didn't the doctor tell you?" (4) "Oh, I never heard of such nonsense!"

    • Word count: 1757
  13. Wollstonecraft critique on Rousseau

    In Rousseau's novel La nouvelle H�lo?se (1761) and his educational quasi-novel �mile (1762) Rousseau idealizes domestic woman and 'their place in society'. In Du contrat social (1762), he takes it one further and compares the family, based on domestic affection, as the model for the state. Showing how through education a man can overcome the corrupt environment and be the best citizen he can be. Writings on the place females in society at the time was a controversial topic and Rousseau does well to stay on the 'social norm' side.

    • Word count: 2245
  14. Comparing Themes of The Doll Queen and Metamorphosis

    He eventually rejects her for his books, symbolizing a more rational way of life. When he visits the house, he pretends to be other people in order to hide his real emotional intentions. Even the mother's rosary beads and 'doll queen' shrine, representing religion, disgust him. Whereas the theme in 'The Doll Queen' is alienation from the emotional, the theme in 'Metamorphosis' is alienation from the physical. Once Gregor's body has been transformed into an insect, his entire family rejects him. His father locks Gregor in his room after seeing his transformation and throws apples at him, wounding him.

    • Word count: 671
  15. Compare and contrast the manner in which the work of any two theorists involves revisions to conventional models of (i) literary authorship

    Barthes argues that giving a text an author is 'to impose a limit on that text, to furnish it with a final signified, to close the writing.'1 Foucault agrees saying that 'the author remains at the contours of the texts- separating one from the other, defining their form and characterizing their mode of existence.' 2 Both critics are saying here that an author is used as a means of literary structuralism. The name of the author, they argue, has been assigned as much weight as the genre the text is classified in.

    • Word count: 2983
  16. Romanticism Literature Review

    This supports Wordsworth's ideals that appreciating nature can raise mankind to a height of sublime in a way that society cannot. The poem is written in structured blank verse, and comprises of paragraphs rather than stanzas and it is here we see the development of the conversation poem thought to be invented by Coleridge and Wordsworth. The imagery and language remain consistent through Wordsworth's poetry when considering the sublime, adhering to rules he set out in the 1802 preface to the Lyrical Ballads.

    • Word count: 1867
  17. Free essay

    Comparing Works of Thomas Mann and George Eliot.

    p 93). The relationship of music and words became very important, and writers began to realise that they could use the same methods in their work and both write about music and also include music within their writings to emphasise character and comment on what happens to those characters throughout the narrative. Wagner very much believed that music and words should be linked, that the melody and the text should be married together and interlinked so that the meaning of the drama is fully expressed.

    • Word count: 2144
  18. Close reading of Lady with the Dog

    Upon recognizing the behaviors of Dmitri Gurov from 'The Lady with the Dog' (Passage 3, 15) it appears that this character lives his life trying to escape the depression he feels from being emasculated by his wife, has affairs to regain the control he so deeply craves, and degrades women to reaffirm his own worth and manhood. These three attributes become key signifiers of his character and personality. They become even more prominent when he begins to fall in love with Anna against his own will. Dmitri Gurov's flawed and shadowed perspective of the world is the product of his bitter relationship with his wife.

    • Word count: 1200
  19. Sonny's Blues

    As a reader, I felt connected to this story because it is relatable, realistic, and inspirational. I connected to and understood these imperfect characters and situations, who although fictional, lived and felt in a world that is real. Personally, I find that when characters experience events and moments that play out authentically, I am able to connect with them. Recognizing raw and honest elements in the characters I read about allow me to share in their grief, as well as celebrate in their accomplishments. When the journey of the characters results in something positive, I am usually at peace and enlightened about the path they have taken because the happy ending feels human and attainable.

    • Word count: 1279
  20. Mrs. Dalloway. Clarissa Dalloway and Peter Walsh are defined by their memories. Virginia Woolf creates their characters through the memories they share, and fabricates their very identities from these mutual experiences.

    "One must seek out the people who completed them; even the places," (171), and it was with Sally and Peter at Bourton that Clarissa took shape, forming the seed of the woman she becomes by her fifties. It was at Bourton that Clarissa first tasted love and it left its mark on her in the form of memories. Clarissa's memories of Peter aren't of moonlight walks or love letters; rather they are the more personal observations, personality traits that were impressed upon her memory "his eyes, his pocket-knife, his smile, his grumpiness" (1).

    • Word count: 1268
  21. Mrs. Dalloway & The Hours

    Dalloway in The Hours, and finally to the source of it all-the mind of Virginia Woolf. "Many people, including Michael Cunningham, didn't think the novel could be turned into a movie" (Ansen 21). The process of writing a screen play to ultimately accomplish the essence of a novel such as The Hours can be quite a challenge. A novel, as a piece of literature, contains inner thoughts and feelings that are felt by the characters of the novel. A work of literature also may consist of an array of emotional tones and characteristics that can only be portrayed in a piece of literature.

    • Word count: 1804
  22. The Fall of the House of Usher

    However, by the conclusion of both tales Gardner's remake of "The Fall of the House of Usher" is still a considerably lighter version of Poe's gothic story. Both stories correlate within their morbid tones as the narrators of the two tales discuss the stormy environment, which plagues the beginning of the stories. Poe characterizes the storm as "abroad in all its wrath...with huge masses of agitated vapour" (Poe 160). Then he goes onto describe an "unnatural light of a faintly luminous and distinctly visible gaseous exhalation which hugh about and enshrouded the mansion" (Poe 160).

    • Word count: 1114
  23. Absurdist Theatre Waiting for Godot

    There is no conceivable plot in the sense of traditional theatre. What is even more interesting is that the second act is a repeat or reprise of the first act so it is a play in which nothing happens twice over. Waiting and doing "nothing", turn nothing into something by passing the time, in a premise which offers no hope. Estragon demonstrates this, "Nothing to be done" with Vladimir replying, " I'm beginning to come round to that opinion". Although initially this refers to Estragon's boots, it also is used later in respect to Vladimir's hat.

    • Word count: 1481
  24. Turn of the Screw

    Due to the Gothic genre's popularity in the late nineteenth century, James's choice of style for his novella could be viewed as a deliberate fa�ade for an examination into the depths of the human psyche. I would argue that The Turn of the Screw makes more sense when read alongside works such as William James's Principles of Psychology (1890) and works by Sigmund Freud such as an Introduction to Psychoanalysis (1917). It is essential to first examine at one of James's contempories to establish a typical Victorian Ghost Story.

    • Word count: 1671
  25. Jane Eyre

    Ingram believes that woman's role is to look beautiful and attractive enough to appeal a man with wealth and look. Because Jane senses how woman like Ingram is looked upon others, she struggles to alter this image. Jane rejects to marry Rochester when he proposes by stating, "'Think of his misery; think of his danger; ...Who in the world cares for you? Or who will be injured by what you do?'"(Bronte 342) She implies that she does not want to marry a man due to his absence of wealth.

    • Word count: 996

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