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University Degree: Literary Criticism

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  1. American Literature: Mark Twain and Realism

    ?Realism lasted from the Civil War until the turn of the century when Mark Twain wrote fiction devoted to accurate representation of American lives? (Campbell). The Civil War was the major impact on the beginning of Realism and the end of Romanticism. After the Civil War, ?an increase in literacy rates, the growth of industrialization and urbanization, and a rise in the middle class provided a fertile environment for readers? (Campbell). These actions helped define Realism to what it is seen as today. The best way to depict Realism is by analyzing the authors? ability to narrate their respective novels.

    • Word count: 2500
  2. FEMINISM IN THE YELLOW WALLPAPER BY CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN (1892)

    Jane is a representative of women?s who only placed in the house, where she should only carry her prescribed duty as a mother and wife. On the other hand, men are easily access to the outside world and hold higher position either in politics, neither economics nor social. Similar in The Yellow Wallpaper, John represents the patriarchal society and also according to Gilman?s ?practical in the extreme?. He has an intense of horror superstition, no patience in faith and he scoff openly of any things not to be felt and seen and put down figure?( lines 6)

    • Word count: 1253
  3. Essay on Japanese literature. In his famous Kana Preface to the Kokinshu, Ki no Tsurayuki, one of the editors of the anthology, introduces the aesthetic value and core functions of Japanese poetry.

    Nonetheless, the poeticization of death in two anthologies contrasts in poetic deliverance as well as in narrative structure, as the Manyoshu poet focuses on the poetic deliverance of the protagonist?s emotions, while the Kokishu poem respectively focuses on the transience and emptiness of life. The poeticization of death in Manyoshu is characterized by the protagonist?s emotional confession of continued longing and inability to let go the departed. Upon his wife?s death, the master poet Kakinomoto no Hitomaro composes the following poem, ?crying tears of blood in his grief.? After recollecting his nostalgic romance with his wife in the openning lines,

    • Word count: 933
  4. What and when was the Harlem Renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance was more than just a literary movement: it included racial consciousness, "the back to Africa" movement led by Marcus Garvey, racial integration

    Racial unrest stemming from lynchings in the South and race riots in 25 cities in 1919. Remarkable coincidences and luck provided a sizable chunk of real estate in the heart of Manhattan. The Black migration, from south to north, changed their image from rural to urban, from peasant to sophisticate. From 1890-1910, Negroes in the South increased by nearly 2 million, while in the North, by about 325,000. From 1910 to 1930, Negroes in the North increased by 1.4 million, while the Southern increase was about 600,000 (Jackson and Rubin 39-40). Harlem became a crossroads where Blacks interacted with and expanded their contacts internationally.

    • Word count: 8898
  5. Angela Carters collection of stories, The Bloody Chamber, was published in 1979 and provides a dynamic response to one of the crucial problems of radical feminism.

    -Carter's use of the word "bore" compares the heroine's journey to her married life to a rebirth. The comparison emphasizes how the heroine is not just getting married, but being transformed from a girl, "away from girlhood" into a woman. The heroine's arousal on the train, heightened by sexual verbs such as "pounding," "thrusting" and "burning" comes not so much from her attraction to the Marquis but from her curiosity at the "unguessable" act of sex that she anticipates. Even though the Marquis evaluates her as though she is "horseflesh," his condescension excites her because it makes her realize her own "potential for corruption," for sexuality and desire.

    • Word count: 3844
  6. Gulliver's Travels -plot outline and analysis of the film "Gullivers Travels" from 2010, starring Jack Black.

    ?It is universally read, from the cabinet council to the nursery" (John Gay, 1726). Gulliver?s Travels was a reaction against the Age of Reason, and as Professor Daniel Ritchie of Bethel College of Minnesota formulated it very well, Swift?s satire ?was directed against rationalism and the contemporary optimism concerning human perfectibility, which omitted any consideration of human sinfulness.? It criticized society, including the regime, the courts and the cloth, and that is the reason why, in fear of being prosecuted , he published it under the pseudonym, Lemuel Gulliver. When we compare the book with the movie, we can see that the movie has its own identity.

    • Word count: 1444
  7. Response Essay: William Faulkners A Rose for Emily

    It also gives a hint as to the important requirement for stealth in this situation: the town?s Board of Aldermen had no desire to offend Miss Emily, so rather than telling her that her property was the source of an unpleasant odor, they took it upon themselves to remove the smell. Only an individual present throughout this expedition would have been able to provide the degree of detail this event was presented with. Another example of the detailed nature of this story is the almost omniscient level of knowledge surrounding Miss Emily?s status with regards to paying taxes.

    • Word count: 1175
  8. "To His Coy Mistress". Raychel Reiffs article about this poem simply explains what Marvell is saying in simpler terms

    A dictionary is very supportive for this poem to understand the histories of words. A poem written so long ago contains language that has entirely changed in use and meaning over the past few hundred years. Raychel Reiff?s article about this poem simply explains what Marvell is saying in simpler terms. Reiff first begins to comment on Marvell?s excellent use of first and second-person pronouns to ?manipulate the tone and to help win over his coy mistress.? Throughout the first section of the poem, Reiff explains

    • Word count: 430
  9. Christian Symbolism in Coleridges Rime of the Ancient Mariner

    events such as the albatross and its death, the character of Life-in-Death, the blessing of the water snakes, the rain washing over the Mariner, and the Mariner himself. In order to properly understand the Christian symbolism throughout ?The Rime of the Ancient Mariner? an understanding of whom Samuel Taylor Coleridge was is needed. Coleridge was born to an Anglican clergyman with twelve previous children. For the first nine years Samuel Coleridge grew up in Ottery St. Mary, a small Devonshire village in England.

    • Word count: 2102
  10. "W;t" - a commentary on the medical profession

    She pulls no punches. She is the anti-thesis of poetic. She is also sick with Stage IV ovarian cancer. Her sickness reveals the part of her she has oppressed: Her humanity. Upon learning of her illness, her doctor, Dr. Kelekian, Chief of Medical Oncology asks if she is strong. She doesn?t hesitate when answering and agrees to an intense regime of cancer treatment. ?Vivian: ?All right. Significant contribution to knowledge. Eight cycles of chemotherapy. Give me the full dose, the full dose every time? (16). The author uses this plot comment on the medical profession. The common belief is that doctors want to help people.

    • Word count: 1472
  11. The Dangers of Science - "Brave New World" as a warning.

    One such literary work that demonstrates this point is that of Aldous Huxley entitled ?Brave New World?. The novel is full of morally controversial sciences including cloning, predestined beings, and a drug (Soma) controlled populous. Cloning: in his novel, all beings are genetically engineered, using a scientific process that predestines each being based on certain genes, oxygen levels, exposure to x-rays, acid baths and many other factors. These predestined beings are ranked using greek letters; each letter referring to a certain level intellect, beauty, and job positions. For example, Alphas were in the highest caste bracket possessing the highest intellect, physical beauty, and top tier careers.

    • Word count: 2213
  12. Is the meaning of a literary text created by the author, the reader or the text itsel?

    An example of that could be Daniel Defoe?s ?Robinson Crusoe? where we can see some similarities between Crusoe?s life and Defoe?s. What Defoe wrote on his book is connected to his life, his family and his friends. All the similarities between their lives can be seen throughout the whole story. One example of this would be this extract at the beginning of the story: ?My father, a wise and grave man, gave me serious and excellent counsel against what he foresaw was my design,? (Defoe, 2008: 1)

    • Word count: 1518
  13. Specters of Totalitarianism: Representations of Power and Control in Twentieth Century Dystopian Fiction (English Dissertation)

    It is argued that they do this by manipulating truth and memory. Chapter 2 will look at the ways in which surveillance and terror are represented in George Orwell?s Nineteen Eighty Four and Margaret Atwood?s The Handmaid?s Tale. I have argued that whilst surveillance is represented in the form of observation, terror is depicted through the use of concentration camps, torture, public humiliations and interrogations. Chapter 3, again using Orwell?s novel alongside Aldous Huxley?s Brave New World, will look at the ways in which indoctrination and propaganda is used.

    • Word count: 10539
  14. Lecture X: Symbolism in Dreams. Through a psychoanalytic framework, analyse any one of Freud's Introductory Lectures.

    Had these distortions not been present in the dream, there would be no ?interference?, which would render it easier to ?understand? (line 2), according to whatever is at stake in narration?s conception of understanding. Not only does this set up the distortions of the dream as an obstacle to this ?understanding?, but it presupposes that a dream is something that can be understood. The use of the past tense, ?we have found? suggests that this process of understanding has on at least one occasion been understood - or at least a failed understanding has allowed the ?we? to isolate the distortions in dreams as an ?interference?.

    • Word count: 4274
  15. A number of authors present scenarios that are very unlikely to occur in real life, such as Charles Willefords Hoke Mosely novel, Miami Blues and Thomas Harris The Silence of the Lambs

    Miami Blues presents its readers with both criminal and detective being fairly unrealistic. The book starts off on its rampage of improbable happenings with Freddy killing an airport-dwelling Krishna, Martin. By simply bending his middle finger back, Freddy manages to end this man?s life within five minutes, supposedly due to shock. While undoubtedly painful and possibly life-threatening if untreated, breaking the Krishna?s finger should not have caused death by the means in which the book describes. Willeford appears to contradict himself in this matter since he writes that Martin died within five or six minutes, but then has Doc Evans say, ?Shock usually takes fifteen or twenty minutes.

    • Word count: 2851
  16. The Great Gatsby and The American Dream

    What he finds is a group of individuals who have all the power, money, popularity and in some cases love, that a person would want. Do these people represent the ?American Dream? that Nick is in search of? Tom Buchanan?s ?American Dream? is to be wealthy and in control. He has achieved both of these, therefore in his opinion; he has achieved the ?American Dream?. Tom?s wealth is no secret, he makes sure that everyone is aware of how well off he is.

    • Word count: 1125
  17. In the novel Trickster Travels by Natalie Zemon Davis, protagonist Al-Hasan Ibn Al-Wazzan undergoes a series of conflicts within the Christian-European culture that clash with his African-Islamic upbringing.

    His inability to accept the common European practice of the printing originates from the Arabic rejection of the printing press. Islamic tradition dictates all written work must be reproduced by hand in order to preserve the ?authenticity and accuracy of a text.? The printing press cannot be a reproducer of the holy text. It was only after his death that his works were published using the printing press. In a world consumed by religion, the greedy nature of mankind was present as always.

    • Word count: 1283
  18. The purpose of this essay is to examine the form and content of two horror stories: Louise Glck's "Gretel In Darkness" and Charlotte Mew's short story "A White Night".

    In consideration to form, the two aforementioned texts are regarded as being narrative because they provide ?representations of an event or series of events.? (Abbott 13). 'Narrative is [a] way of creating order out of chaos' (Abbott 102) and it is this logical succession of events that helps the reader to engross themselves in the story and aids them in deciphering meaning. A White Night and Gretel In Darkness both present the reader with narrative accounts given from the standpoints of fictional characters or 'agents' contained within the text.

    • Word count: 1372
  19. This paper will discuss the thematic concerns of African writers in The Cathedral by Kofi Awoonor,the, the songs of Lawino and Ocol by Okot PBetiks, Sizwe Bansi is dead by Athol Fugard and the beautiful ones are not yet born by Nii Ayikwee Armah.

    Therefore, the theme of the poems was observation. While Lawino stood for the preservation of her local traditional culture, Ocol was for westernization. The local traditional culture brought about togetherness and peace in the town. According to Lawino, ? ?When the two [ Ocol and his brother] were boys, [?], they were as close to each other as the eye and the nose, they were like twins, and they shared everything even a single white ant.? This was before colonization.

    • Word count: 2135
  20. From Hobbit to Hero- Frodo's Quest as an Examplary Monomyth

    In 1966, Joseph Campbell identified the elements of this heroic quest in his book "The Hero with a Thousand Faces". Campbell findings show, that it does not matter what culture or religion a myth belongs to, it is always the same essential story being told. This is still prevailing today. We find these elements in the Odyssee and the Matrix, in Beowulf and Harry Potter; it is the story of Dorothy and Luke Skywalker; of the Buddha and of the Christ: a story that humans tell over and over again, creating variation upon variation and yet never too far from the basic plot or set of characters.

    • Word count: 9341
  21. "Exiled or Burdened." This title directly indicates the biggest decision that Tsitsi Dangarembgas characters, especially the females, have to make in their lives.

    Jeremiah does not ask Tambu what she wants to do, even though she shows a desire to go to school by attempting to make the money herself, but instead Tambu is burdened by having the head man of the house telling her that what she wants is unimportant in life and that she must give in to her inevitable debt of slavery to the men in her life. Ma?Shingayi?s only advice to her daughter was for her ?to learn to carry [her] burdens with strength.? The choice to speak the colonial tongue, English, shows a sense of rebellion towards the unjust indigenous culture.

    • Word count: 626
  22. Perceptions of Death in Tuck Everlasting and Charlotte's Web

    If I had been very small at birth, would you have killed me? (White, 3)? Mr Arable was just doing what he would always do if a runt was born and most likely doing what all farmers do, yet, when his daughter actually points out what he is about to do, it makes him stop and think. It is true that it is not the piglet?s fault that it is small and by comparing the piglet with herself, Fern forces her father to spare the pig?s life, even though he acknowledges there is a big difference between a pig and a little girl.

    • Word count: 2397
  23. Comparitive Critical Essay: The Murder in the Rue Morgue and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

    The Dr. Jekyll side is that of a normal man with the ability to do evil within him but generally adheres to the rules of society. Mr. Hyde is everything that is evil and violent within Dr. Jekyll released from restraint of morals or conscience. He not only performs evil deeds but finds them pleasurable. Poe's duality is more subtle in Rue Morgue but it is still a major theme of his work. Dupin argues that ingenuity and imagination are required for someone to truly be a calculating individual and not merely analytic.

    • Word count: 1953
  24. COMPARISON BETWEEN THE NOVEL MRS DALLOWAY BY VIRGINIA WOOLF AND THE FILM THE HOURS

    In 1912 Virginia married Leonard Woolf, another member of the Bloomsbury Group, and he will be the stable presence she will need to control her moods during her whole life. Their marriage was a partnership, and some suggest they had no intercourse. In 1913 she attempted suicide again, because of a third strong breakdown. In 1917 she and her husband founded the Hogart Press, which published the best experimental works of the period and their own books; Leonard hoped that Virginia could bestow on the press the care she would have bestowed on children (after her third breakdown she had been advised she could not have become pregnant anymore).

    • Word count: 5230
  25. Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper". The Effects of Patriarchy on a Woman's Mental Health:

    John's decision to keep his wife in isolation as a treatment for her depression is the primary cause that contributes to the narrator's impending mental demise. The narrator tries voicing her opposition for a more esthetically pleasing room that ?opened on the piazza and had roses all over the window? but does not prevail (61). The room she is confined in, and the wallpaper specifically, becomes less of a decorative piece and more like an object of obsession to her.

    • Word count: 1211

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