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University Degree: Literary Criticism

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  1. Mrs. Dalloway. In the book Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf, the role of the upper-class woman entails certain behaviours and activities that are of utmost necessity, and is the reason for Clarissas reserved behaviour, the choice to marry Richard Dallow

    Interestingly enough, Clarissa resents this position at one point. There is the question of propriety evident when Peter Walsh interrupts Clarissa's process of getting ready, and Clarissa hurries to keep Peter from seeing her dress, "like a virgin protecting chastity." In Clarissa's opinion, seeing her mend this dress would prove to Peter what he respects least - her eagerness to conform and thrive in high class society, as if all that worries her is how perfect her dress will look. Nonetheless, since this is what Clarissa has chosen, it is indeed expected of her to be mending dresses and to be preparing for glamorous parties.

    • Word count: 1052
  2. Puddnhead Wilson as Fabulation

    Can it appropriately be read in the tradition of Madame Bovary, A Modern Instance, The Portrait of a Lady, and Sister Carrie? Or is the question of realism irrelevant, and should the book be read in an altogether different tradition? Not unexpectedly, my answer is that it should be read in another tradition. The appropriate one, it seems to me, is the great story-telling tradition that stretches from Cervantes, Fielding, Smollett and Sterne to such writers of our own day as Heller, Vonnegut, and Hawkes.

    • Word count: 5033
  3. Victor Frankenstein the Villain

    Throughout the poem the meter alternates between iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter. Her use of the punctuations are structured and organized at first, but as the speaker is losing her sanity the punctuations turn chaotic, more frequent commas and dashes. Dickinson lived in isolation, surrounded by her poetry and letters. Her lifestyle plays out in her poetry. She uses physical things and sounds she hears as metaphors to describe speakers' emotional distress. Using repetition "treading - treading", "beating - beating", Dickinson influences readers' ear with steady progression of sounds heard by the speaker like mourners footsteps.

    • Word count: 1202
  4. Speaker Analysis

    Towards the beginning of the passage he uses one such instance when talking about the truth saying, "The truth may cause consternation; the truth will be attacked" (Obama 127). The point of this repeated sentence structure is to reinforce within the reader that there exists a correlation between doing what is hard and telling the truth, that the easy road involves avoiding and circling around the facts. Later on he uses parallelism, particularly mimicking word order to bolster the dichotomy of style and substance in modern politics.

    • Word count: 999
  5. A Women's Temptation

    The theme of temptation in the form of women appears throughout the poem. After much agony at sea, Odysseus finds himself on the doorsteps of Circe. Circe is a temptress who proves that conquering sometimes just involves a show of force. To us she looks like a beautiful witch, but it is important to remember that she is not. She is, according to Homer, a goddess. In the Odyssey (book X) the encounter between her and Odysseus's men is described: "She gave them all comfortable seats...but she put dangerous drugs in the mess, to make them wholly forget their native land.

    • Word count: 999
  6. The Savage Woman

    But Kurtz breaks off at this point or, as is more likely, Marlow censors his remarks. When we do hear of her, it is through the Russian: "She got in one day and kicked up a row about those miserable rags I picked up in the storeroom to mend my clothes with. At least it must have been that, for she talked like a fury to Kurtz for an hour pointing at me now and then...Luckily for me, I fancy Kurtz felt too ill that day to care, or there would have been mischief." (137) While the Russian's words affirm the savage woman's influence over Kurtz, the turn his anecdote takes, the moment it represents, negates any sense of influence.

    • Word count: 1266
  7. Southern Gothic. A Rose for Emily, is a story in which a woman, Emily, is discovered by the townspeople to have a rotting corpse of her lover, Homer Barron, in her bedroom, and OConnors A Good Man is Hard to Find, portrays a southern fa

    Before Emily's death, the townspeople thought that Emily's lover had left her, but really he was in the upstairs bedroom slowly decomposing after Emily had poisoned him. Faulkner ends the story by showing the reader how gruesome Emily's actions were when he writes, " Then we noticed that in the second pillow was the indentation of a head. One of us lifted something from it, and leaning forward, that faint and invisible dust dry and acrid in the nostrils, we saw a long strand of iron-gay hair" (215).

    • Word count: 2053
  8. Free essay

    The Development of the Character David Lurie in John Maxwell Coetzees Novel Disgrace.

    One does not know whether one should sympathize with him or not. He is difficult to understand and one can interpret him in many ways. At the beginning of the novel one learns that he is a man who has been divorced twice, and who has found pleasure in women his whole life. On chapter two, in the book, he states: "Because a woman's beauty does not belong to her alone. It is part of the bounty she brings into the world. She has a duty to share it" When he begins an affair with his student Melanie, half his age, the pleasure he finds sharing her beauty, soon comes to lead to his personal downfall, his disgrace.

    • Word count: 700
  9. A Comparison Between the Short Stories A Family Supper and The Kite with Regard to the Issue of Identity and Migration.

    The conflict between generations in a changing Japan is the primary theme of the story. His father is a very traditional man and finds it difficult to understand these changes. In the story he states to his son: "Obviously you don't see. You don't see how it is for some parents. Not only must they lose their children, they must lose them to things they don't understand" The conflict between generations, between a father and a son, can be seen in "The Kite" as well, when the Puerto Rican protagonist, Rick Sanchez, cannot recall a memory of a kite his father made him when he was small.

    • Word count: 700
  10. Childrens literature - it is clear that some material from nonsense books such as Alice In Wonderland and Lears Book Of Nonsense is merely that, nonsense, and to pull meaning from it would kill it as some theorists suggests. However, there is arguably

    This opinion is indeed favoured by many critics who regard nonsense writing as an excellent way to excite children, away from the didactic and moral stories expressed in most books for children at the time. Examples of such nonsense is featured in Carroll's Alice In Wonderland and Lear's Book of Nonsense and Nonsense Songs. Both books use the familiar theme of food and people used and featured in imaginative situations. Food is perhaps the primary desire of young children to whom sex is inaccessible; therefore using food in this way would grab their attention.

    • Word count: 3074
  11. A Structuralist Analysis of Nathaniel Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown.

    His business is evil by his own admission. He does not state what it is specifically, but it becomes apparent to the reader that it involves attending some sort of a witches Sabbath in the forest. This is a skewed action in view of the picture of Brown, drawn earlier in the story. The picture being a strong Christian man who loves his wife and who intends to lead an exemplary life after this one night. The most rising action begins when Brown leaves the village, enters the dark and gloomy forest.

    • Word count: 1353
  12. The Yellow Wallpaper A feminist break though and interpretation of the symbolism

    The yellow wallpaper is symbolic in the sense that it represents constraints women are held to, like the home and family. In the case of Charlotte Gilman, women were constricted to the set parameters that were determined by men. Women were expected to accept these boundaries and remain in place. In todays society most of these constraints are shared by both parties and women have every opportunity a man has. Than women were cast as emotional servants whose lives were dedicated to the welfare of home and family in the perseverance of social stability (Crewe 10).

    • Word count: 1736
  13. How I Met My Husband by Alice Munro

    When the children find out, she is careful to "bind them to secrecy." She is also able of keeping secrets from them as well. After Edie has met Chris and he refers to a time she accepted a cigarette from him, she "made a face to hush him, because you never could tell when the children would be sneaking around the porch, or Mrs. Peebles herself listening in the house." Chris and Edie's relationship is based on secrecy. There is suspense when he first meets her and she has Mrs. Peebles dress on.

    • Word count: 931
  14. Oroonoko and characterisation

    Using the place of Suriname, Behn sets her story in a place of reality, with a context and history of its own while also delving into the realm of romance. However, there is a third genre that has inspired Behn in regards to the structure of her text, and that is drama. Therefore as Figlerowicz notes in her article 'it proves both viable and fruitful to read Oroonoko as a highly creative, consistent attempt at recreating, the medium of prose fiction with the dramatic effects generated by the interactions between

    • Word count: 598
  15. Compare and contrast any two versions of a fairytale of your choice - the Brothers Grimm and Lin Lan versions of the story commonly known as Cinderella.

    It is in this era of television, video and indeed the cinema the modern story of Cinderella has evolved. There have been over 50 film adaptations made since the first, 'M�li�s', was made in 1899. (Zipes, 2000, ???) The fact that there have been "hundreds if not thousands of literary, dramatic, musical, poetic and cinematic versions" of this rags to riches story shows its endearing appeal throughout the centuries. (Zipes, J, 2000, ??) This appeal has even crossed over to adults' as we can see from films such as 'Pretty Woman' in which the lead character has Cinderella-like qualities.

    • Word count: 2287
  16. The Great Gatsby

    Tom did not have to work to establish the aristocratic position he has in Fitzgerald's society and essentially he was given all the luxuries he could ask for. As a rich man in the 1920's Tom believes that he can have whatever he desires and this includes both Myrtle Wilson and Daisy Buchanan. Tom seems to have it all however he is not satisfied with his life and is greedy for more, hence the reason why he takes George Wilson's wife, Myrtle, as his mistress.

    • Word count: 1470
  17. What is Literature?

    This implies that literature diverges from the everyday words of the everyday man. This is what the Formalists believed. They thought literary work was that which was deciphered by the use of devices; devices such as 'sound, imagery, rhythm, syntax, metre, rhyme, narrative techniques,' and so on (Eagleton 3). The Formalists, essentially, distorted and changed the way language was used in order to create, what they perceived as, literature. Eagleton then further explains how the perversion, if you will, of everyday language enacted by the Formalists, defines literature in their eyes. By the last paragraph on page seven and throughout much of the rest of the article, Eagleton refocuses on the reader.

    • Word count: 1230
  18. Nineteenth-century Russian critic Vissarion Belinsky famously called Eugene Onegin an encyclopaedia of Russian life. Do you agree with Belinskys assessment? Why or why not?

    The work was described by Vissarion Belinsky as an 'encyclopaedia of Russian life', suggesting he believed Eugene Onegin was a realistic portrayal of all aspects of life in 19th Century Russia. In the 19th Century, the cultural divide between the city and rural parts of Russia was a huge one, with social hierarchies being even more obvious outside of the large cities. When a new person or family arrived at an estate, the local community would become highly interested in them, clamouring to find out the latest trends of the cities and searching for their children's future spouses.

    • Word count: 828
  19. Novel Analysis: The Yellow Wallpaper

    Such thought implies her internalization of the social norms that fighting against male authority is equivalent to committing a crime which will lead to suicide and self-destruction. This ironically coincides with her losing mind in the end, which enhances the oppression on women. Moreover, the wallpaper "is torn off in spots and it sticketh closer than a brother" with "perseverance as well as hatred" (p.34). This alludes to the slight chance of escaping from the oppression consisted by men's reinforcement on their power and strong denial of gender equality.

    • Word count: 2109
  20. Carefully read the poem Simon Lee by William Wordsworth (Romantic Writings: An Anthology pp.60-63). Write an essay of not more than 1,500 words in which you analyse the poem and comment on the poetic form and language used (for example, rhyme, rhythm meta

    In other words, we will analyse the way various elements of poetic form and language combine to create meaning and effects. Simon Lee is about an old huntsman who, while was once strong and active, now strives to fight his declined health and strength. The poem recounts an actual encounter of the poet with this old man. It seems to be a hybrid of lyric and narrative (a lyrical ballad). Lyric in that we have a first-person expression of emotion and concentration upon the actions and feelings of an individual at a particular moment, while narrative, since there is a narrator and another character, whom the former encounters and, later, describes.

    • Word count: 1644
  21. Free essay

    Character development in the novel depends on non-realist as well as realist techniques and conventions. Discuss this claim in an essay of not more than 1,500 words, referring to one of the following novels: Great Expecations, Fathers and Sons, F

    This will allow us to examine the way he is developing and through what techniques, always in comparison with other figures in the novel, such as Anna Sergeevna. In analyzing the realist strategies of the novel, we need to take into account the narrative method employed, which in this case is third person narration, although used in a slightly different way than usual. On the first page ('We will acquaint the reader with him while he sits there'), as well as on p.5 ('We see him in May 1859')

    • Word count: 1660
  22. In what ways and to what end have contemporary women writers appropriated and reworked the conventions of the gothic romance genre?

    Heathcliff is a villain and is haunted by the past. This genre has been taken up by contemporary women writers of today, they use many features of the genre but put a spin on the traditional conventions. The texts may begin as a gothic romance yet end as something entirely different; also the settings are rarely castles, more likely they are dark, forbidding buildings. The characters are all there but where in the traditional the emphasis is on the power of men and heterosexual relations, in the contemporary texts women's rights are discussed more freely and the relations are often lesbian relations.

    • Word count: 2235
  23. Discuss the way that children's literature works variations on the theme of 'the missing parents

    So grieved is Lord Craven that he constantly travels in a hope to avoid the painful memories that haunt him. Mary discovers her Aunts garden that was locked forever by her Uncle; after hearing wails in the night she finds her cousin Colin, also neglected by his father. Colin believes that he is unwanted as Lord Craven will not get close to him for fear that like his wife, Colin will die too. The story ends with Mary having tended the garden, rejuvenating the plants and flowers, and also Mistlethwaite itself.

    • Word count: 1947
  24. Freakonomics

    Therefore, in order to acknowledge uncertainty, Levitt mentions eight other expert suggested crime-drop explanations as based on the frequency of mention in the LexisNexis database. He statistically analyzes each of these alternative solutions to exhibit that the relationship between these 8 solutions and the problem is just a correlation. The use of relevant information in the chapter is demonstrated by the use of story telling of Romania. Levitt mentions it as an important one since he puts it this way, "Romanian abortion story is a reverse image of the American crime story".

    • Word count: 1465
  25. Construction of Gender in the City

    The metropolis was an area where traditional gender roles were undoubtedly contested and reformed. Identity with relation to gender was a changing sphere for men and women as new opportunities and discourses arose within the city. I intend to demonstrate through my extracts how male and females were presented in fin de siecle literature, and how far, if at all, the city itself was a cause for change in this mode of identification. Taken from W.T.Stead's "The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon", a statement of an ex-brothel owner within the heart of London highlights an aspect of the city with relation to females at the time.

    • Word count: 1749

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