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University Degree: Donne
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Discuss the significance of the term metaphysical poetry in relation to three of the poems you have studied this term. You should also look up the word metaphysical in the OED and use some of the information given in your ess
The speaker explains that, in order not to profane their love, like virtuous men who die mildly and without complaint, they should leave without 'sigh-tempest' or 'tear-floods'3. The speaker elaborates by stating that when the earth moves it causes 'harms and fears', but when the spheres experience 'trepidation'4, despite the larger impact, it is innocent. The speaker distinguishes between two kinds of love: namely, that of 'dull sublunary lovers'5, which cannot endure separation, and the love of the speaker and his beloved.
- Word count: 3535
The critics alarm is tribute to the images efficacy. Do you find Donnes more alarming images successful?
through an image of gruesome physicality, "mark in this/ How little that which thou deniest me is; [...] in this flea our two bloods mingled be." (Fl, 2-4) The flea as an unromantic, insignificant image of "Our marriage bed" (Fl, 13), emphasises, in contrast, the romance, value and necessity of sex; and "Let not that self-murder added be,/ And sacrilege, three sins in killing three." (Fl, 17-8) likens the mistress' abstention to blasphemy, through connotations of religious piety and the trinity.
- Word count: 2169
The title of the poem defines the conceit within the piece, and it is immediate within the first stanza that his carefully constructed argument will take place in form of contrast and comparison between the inanimate object of the flea, and the much more contentious subject of virginity and premarital sex. Metaphysical poets were at the time influenced by the renaissance movement and questions about religious morals - one of which being abstinence until marriage, and this subject was popularly argued during the renaissance period.
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Sometimes, the poems have a "carpe-diem" theme. Metaphysical poetry was seen as "shocking" at this time, it addressed issues that were previously unmentionable, or it looked at issues in a more controversial way. In this essay I am going to compare the three poems; 'The Sunne Rising' and 'The Flea' by John Donne, and 'To his coy mistress' by Andrew Marvell and investigate how they are similar. First I am going to look at the themes of the three poems. There is a main theme running through all of the poems, love.
- Word count: 1558
When discussing the client, the feminine form will be used: the male form will be used for the counsellor. Gestalt therapy has a number of theoretical ideas about human development, and these theories underpin counselling practice. Firstly, humans are considered as whole, rather than made up of discrete parts. This means, "Man is ... a body, emotions, thoughts, sensations, and perceptions, all of which function interrelatedly" (sic), (Passons 1975 p14). Individuals have personal responsibility for determining their own behaviour (The Gestalt Therapy Page 2001) and need to achieve awareness of all aspects of their being in order to live effectively.
- Word count: 2290
Discuss Poet Mathew Arnold as a poet of Melancholy? As a representative poet?Introduction:- Victorian age was an age of industrial revolution. The first railway train was introduced
An Elegiac poet:- The distinctive quality of Arnold's poetry is feeling of regret, sorrow, despair, resignation. Arnold defined poetry as a criticism of life. In plain language this means that poetry is the vehicle for the poet's view of the world, his outlook on life. His philosophy, his moral teaching that poet sees like a god and suffers like man. At least, thirteen of Arnold's poems are classed as "Elegiac" in the collected edition. Most of his poems have the spirit of personal sufferings. Sufferings of Victorian age:- Arnold saw that peace was difficult to find in the hurly burly of the Victorians age.
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Flattery is used commonly within Donne's poetry; he is rarely a reject of his lovers and uses flattery to seduce them. "In such white robes heaven's angels used to be receiv'd by men: thou angel bring'st with thee". Another example of Donne's adulation through comparison to the heavens and placing his mistress above anything mortal. Within the poem we see how Donne transforms his love and admiration for the woman into something sordid and lust driven. Additionally, from the start he shows a high level of respect and is honourable about the female form, yet as his seduction progresses he increasing lowers the tone.
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'poetry, the word at its most eloquent, is one medium which could concentrate our attention on our worst experiences without leaving us with the feeling, as other media can, that life in this century has had its affirmative spirit burnt out'
Both poems chosen for this essay, Initial Illumination and A Cold Coming are anti-Gulf war, and were originally published in The Guardian in March 1991. A Cold Coming uses very short rhyming couplets A/A in structure and containing only eight syllables per line and in doing so creates a very strong poem. This initially, although looking sparse on the page, has strong multiple layers. In blending the horrific, with the everyday, and the political with the personal, Harrison manages to convey to the reader far more, than a simple, yet precise newspaper article or Television news report could, the language
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The poems we will be examining according to these aims are 'First Love', 'The Flea' and 'Porphyria's Lover. We will be trying to establish a link between these three poems that connects the poet's or the women in some way. The first poem I will examine is 'First Love'. In this poem Clare strives to illustrate the over-whelming power and strength of the love he is feeling for the woman. We can see this when he says 'I was ne'er struck before that hour'.
- Word count: 719
Piercy's Barbie Doll tells the short life story of a specific girl. How does this poem help to illustrate or dramatize some of the ideas we find in A Work of Artifice?
Barbie Doll exemplifies some of the concepts that we see in A Work of Artifice because like the girl in Barbie Doll the bonsai tree in A Work of Artifice is always trying to achieve the perfect look or shape. The gardener is always tending to the bonsai tree each day to make sure that it is pruned properly and that it is only 9 inches tall. The girl in Barbie Doll tried to achieve her perfect look by "cutting off her nose and her legs" and offering them up.
- Word count: 897
At the outermost sphere beyond the planets, God was to be found in the empireum or heaven. The devil was found in the centre of the earth and above him in hierarchical order was society with the king at the top who supposedly embodied the qualities of his subjects. This was how the notion of the divine right of kings arose as the king was 'nearest to God'. It was thought that the empireum could be reached through the mind when a state of extasis was reached. This ecstasy was supposedly achievable in many different ways. Pythagoras believed that he could reach extasis by the consideration of numbers but in Donne's time, people thought that the state was attainable by the contemplation of the metaphysical; especially when it came to love.
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All four poems possess this quality. In Jien's poem 327 (Carter, p. 171), the moon sets before a lone traveler has had enough of the moon's company and beauty manifested in its reflection in the mountain spring water he was drinking, as his cupped hands suggest. As honkadori from Ki no Tsurayaki's poem 171 (Carter, p.105) on "Parting, composed upon bidding farewell to someone with whom he had talked near a spring on a mountain road", it reaffirms the instinctive human desire for any type of company, human or not-Monk Saigyo even makes a companion of solitude: "If not for solitude,/how dismal my life would be!"
- Word count: 1618
In What Respects is Twicknam Garden a Metaphysical Poem? How Does Donne Use Imagery Related to Nature? Comment on Donne's Different Attitudes to Love in One or Two Other Poems.
Such a complex idea expressed in few lines is typical of metaphysical poetry. Metaphysical poetry is also characterised by a line of argument being pursued throughout the poem. This is exemplified in "Twicknam Garden" as Donne maintains that love is painful throughout the poem. In the opening lines, he describes the painful effects of love "Blasted with sighs, and surrounded with tears". The lines in the middle of the poem "let me some senseless piece of this place be" express that love is so painful for Donne that he would rather be an emotionless object than feel his pain.
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Another aspect of Donne's early life which undoubtedly affected his work was the death of his father when he was just four years old. Donne's mother remarried almost immediately but despite Donne's infancy at the time he recalled his father's 'love and care' throughout his life yet rarely mentions his mother in any of his writing. This is perhaps significant and undoubtedly the loss of a favoured parent coupled with society's rejection of him must certainly have added to his sense of isolation.
- Word count: 2819
A primary example of this technique is achieved in "A Valediction: Forbidden Mourning" in which two lovers are physically separated from each other for an unknown period of time. The male forbids his female lover to mourn his departure, citing, "No tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move, /'Twere profanation of our joys/To tell the laity our love"(Donne 120, lines 6-8). By invoking the spiritual side of love, he is able to coax his lover into not causing a scene when they say goodbye to one another.
- Word count: 2665
"It would be going too far to say that the Metaphysicals are like a constellation, the appearance of their being a group depending upon point of view rather than real connections between them, but the connections between them are certainly tenuous".1 Another problem about defining this literary category is that it runs into other groupings in the seventeenth century, namely the House of Ben, which were influenced by Edmund Spenser, and the Cavalier poets, who were influenced by Johnson. For example Clement Paman's Good Friday is a beautiful and personal poem that combines Spenserian water - fantasy with conceits in the manner of Donne.
- Word count: 3106
Donne takes metaphors from all kind of spheres of life, especially from crafts and sciences, and makes frequent use of the "conceit": a surprising, ingenious , far-fetched turn of ideas. Often a whole poem is an extended "conceit" and frequently a poem ends ends with a final "conceit" in the last two lines. Donne developed his technique writing love poetry, and later adapted it to the writing of religious poetry. Comparing Donne to Herbert: The poetry of George Herbert shows that to a large extent he folowed the lead inititated by John Donne.
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This is very admirable to read since the narrators love is so devoted and deep it makes all other love seem insignificant by comparison. Donne writes with images of sleep, and the way in which one's eyes can be closed to what the world has to offer. This suggests that their absence of sight in the darkness, denies them from the light which holds the knowledge about the ways of love, greater than what the world has to offer. I criticize Donne's imagery by being crude yet witty, when imagery of the proverbial breast of a mother is used to describe the adolescence of love, in lines 2-3 "were we not weaned till then?
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Explore the various arguments used by John Donne to achieve his aim. In what ways does the language and style of the poem make the arguments persuasive and effective?
This implies that when the blood mixes it is the same result as if they had had sex nevertheless as their bloods would have united. This is a very weak argument on behalf of Donne as the blood does not actually pass from one person to another during sexual intercourse; it is only bodily fluids. We can see that in "The Sunne Rising" that Donne suggests ideas that are unrealistic.
- Word count: 506
All of the three poems are about Donne's relationship with others, both lovers and God. They all contain complicated metaphors reflecting the complex nature of these relationships. Love, for Donne does not exist isolated from other emotions and activities, as it does in the work of some other poets, but alongside and mingled with them. Consequently, in his poetry love appears under many guises from the assurance of 'The Sun Rising' to the sense of discovery in 'The Good-morrow'. 'The Sun Rising' celebrates the pleasures of a satisfied love in extravagant terms.
- Word count: 1400
With reference to two or three of Donne's Holy Sonnets, consider the similarities between his religious poetry and his romantic / love poetry.
"Thou hast made me, and shall thy work decay?" (Holy Sonnet 1 line 1) Lines such as these grab the reader's attention, immediately drawing them to the strong sense of personal feeling felt by the narrator, highlighted by such an abrupt opening. Throughout both holy sonnets and the narrator's love poetry, strong personal feeling is apparent. The use of 'I' and 'me' is especially worthy of note as it personalizes the poetry adding a sense of egoism. This is apparent in both The Sun Rising and Sonnet 10; "I could eclipse and cloud them with a wink," (The Sun Rising line 13)
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John Donne's Poetry is Emotionally Intense, Full of Passionate Feelings and Opinionated Attitudes - Discuss.
The poems all show his passionate feelings, opinionated attitudes and intense emotions towards various different people and objects, mainly the woman, who is central to each poem. In this essay I will discuss John Donne's emotions and feelings present throughout his poems. His writing expresses a wide variety of expressions and feelings, opinions, emotions and attitudes. In all of the poems Donne describes intensely, to the best of his ability, the experience of love. I will start by analyzing John Donne's emotions in "The Sunne Rising".
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"Compare and contrast any two love poems you have read, discussing their themes, their use of language and their appeal to an audience".
we will all the pleasures prove" He, the narrator tries to persuade his mistress by being very forthright and by being very bold, telling her what he is going to give her. However, in Donne's poem, which is parody of Marlowe's, Donne has the same two opening lines but the last two of the first stanza are very different. "...Of golden sands, and crystal brooks With silken lines, and silver hooks." The difference here is that Donne says that we will go to the countryside but instead of looking at valleys, mountains and hills which is what Marlowe says, he and his mistress will have a lot of fun.
- Word count: 987
Then in the third stanza L19 which rhymes with L24. The Message begins using a 4 x 4 metre pattern in L1 and 2, incorporating of a rising duple. L3 changes to a falling triple then a rising triple in L4, L5, L6 and L7. Finally, L8 changes to co-inside with L3 as a falling triple. In Lines 4 and L5, the speaker has seemingly squeezed a four syllable line into a triple metre and repeated this in L12 and L13 in the second stanza and then L20 and L21 in the third stanza.
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Personification of the flowers is another technique used, parallel to this one of aggressive imagery, to further highlight the fact that we have murdered these flowers that were once alive, as we are ~ the 'dark mouth' of a lily, once full of 'breath', has now been suffocated by its own 'wax shawl curl(ing) around its throat' and 'packed' in 'buckets'. The use of enjambment at the start of the poem reinforces the flow of the plants breathing, again granting them a human-like quality and reminding us that they too, were living beings.
- Word count: 744