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University Degree: Other Poets
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However, the Twilight's structure is more complicated than that. Indeed, the first quatrain is easily distinguished by its rhyming, which is completely different from the other lines. It may even be suggested, that the actions in this quatrain happen some time before the events of all other lines and in another place. It is the hour, when from the boughs The nightingale's high note is heard, It is the hour, when lovers' vows Seem sweet with every whispered word. The introductory quatrain is positioned like a riddle, asking the reader to name the hour which the poet speaks about.
- Word count: 1451
The English Romantics and the Theme of Nature. C.M. Bowra applies the term Romanticism to a phase of English poetry which began in 1768 with Blakes Songs of Innocence and ended with the death of Keats and Shelley:
In contrast to the classical tendencies of the period, the word had something pejorative and unpleasant in connotation. Federick Schlagal gave the first definition of the Romantic poetry in 1798: "Romantic poetry is a progressive, universal poetry. This tendency is and must be to combine inventive genius with criticism, the poetry of the art with the poetry of nature, to make poetry living and social, and life and society poetical, to turn wit into poetry". Generally, it was delimited between the year 1978, in which William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge published their Lyrical Ballads, and the year 1832 when William Scott died.
- Word count: 17582
Elizabeth Barrett Browning Aurora Leigh An exploration of the alterity of the artist woman in Book 2 and 3, focussing upon the symbolic judgments voiced by Romney and Lady Waldemar, with reference to Auroras impertinence and asex
As this speech shows, Romney believes all women should remain within the traditional roles assigned to them by patriarchy. The expectation for women is that they resemble in behaviour, the Virgin Mary or other saints, who endure great hardship but without complaint. Victorian society believed that a woman's sole focus in life should be on the needs of her children and her husband and only then can she be viewed as the "perfect wife". Romney Leigh sees nothing in Aurora which resembles any of these attributes for as he says, "We get no Christ from you." (II.224) As a writer, Aurora fails to conform to the ideal woman, wife and mother as it has been constructed by patriarchy, rather she embodies an otherness which is in complete contrast to this ideal.
- Word count: 1242
Any notion that a woman felt sexual desire was frowned upon. It was a taboo and women who failed to abide by the rules of Victorian society could find themselves labelled as insane. The role of the second woman in the sonnet is that of young virginal spinster: "And one there who soft and smooth as snow/ Bloomed like a tinted hyacinth at a show." The musical quality of the sibilance in these lines conveys an image of sweetness and purity. Indeed, this woman's innocence, beauty, delicacy and purity is expressed through the organic and natural image of the "hyacinth."
- Word count: 775
The details of this sea voyage are described by Dante in Canto XXVI of the Inferno: Ulysses finds himself restless in Ithaca and driven by "the longing I had to gain experience of the world." Dante's Ulysses is a tragic figure who dies while sailing too far in an insatiable thirst for knowledge. Tennyson combines these two accounts by having Ulysses make his speech shortly after returning to Ithaca and resuming his administrative responsibilities, and shortly before embarking on his final voyage.iii Chaisson assumes that Tennyson's speaker is the Ulysses of Dante's Inferno, which condemns him to hell for overreaching pride, rather than the main character of the Homeric epic.
- Word count: 1806
Discuss the relationship between the city and the country as presented in Swift's `Description of a City Shower' and Pope's `Windsor Forest'
In `Description of a City Shower', Swift presents the subtle changes and preparations which might occur in the city when the threat of rain is imminent. In the first line Swift makes it clear that these little signs are obvious only to the 'careful observer' - one who is aware of the environment and in sync with their surroundings. For example, at the beginning of the poem Swift mentions the `pensive cat', suggesting that there can exist an affinity with nature even in the midst of the city.
- Word count: 2554
them 'musing fancy'7, suggesting that the poet is in fact nothing but a dreamer, lending nothing but nonsense to nature, placing her own position in a somewhat doubtful place. Indeed, Coleridge also undermines the position and role of poet, claiming that the poet 'had better far have stretched his limbs'8 than write. Coleridge's version of the nightingale is a clear representation of the dreaming and fancy of poets: he speaks of a 'castle huge'9 and decidedly romantic language: 'moonlight bushes/ Whose dewy leaflets are but half disclosed.'10 Smith, on the other hand, uses the language of sensibility, as was common in women poets of the time.
- Word count: 1561
We can tell that the poet is writing about the past tense on the second line of the first paragraph, "Did, till we loved? were we not wean'd till then?" The reader gets the suggestion that, as he is talking about the past, he use to live on the countryside, "But suck'd on country pleasures." This first paragraph has used many rhetorical questions. It comes across to the reader that he is reflecting back on the past. All of the questioning sounds like he is 'lost' or confused about something.
- Word count: 2359
The poem shows by the inevitable loss of Khans paradise that the unity of nature can be broken by walls of any strength. The reader can imagine the paradise being built within the pleasure dome by the language used by Coleridge to describe the beauty of the place; 'Where Alph, the sacred river ran Through caverns, measureless to man Down to a sunless sea.' The sacred river, 'Alph' refers to Alpha, the beginning, first of all things and 'the 'sunless sea' to which it runs, a kind of omega' (Seamus Perry, 1998)
- Word count: 3168
There are many topics associated with the pastoral poem, including love and seduction, shown in Christopher Marlowe's "The Passionate Shepherd To His Love" and death and mourning. The elegy is an important group of the pastoral theme, and conventional features include the expression of grief, the praise of the dead, and the effects of death upon nature. Thomas Gray's poem "Elegy Written In A Country Churchyard" portrays the pastoral ideal by using several different images. To begin with, the title itself suggests someone mourning for someone else, and remembering their life and work in a lonely, solitary churchyard.
- Word count: 1080
The second generation, Lord Byron, Percy Shelley and John Keats. As there would be in many different eras and periods, there are certain characteristics of Romantic Poetry, although not all of them would be found in a single poets work. Nature was dramatic and seen by most poets as inspiring. There was often a use of feeling; Wordsworth felt that poetry was "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feeling". Other characteristics included the supernatural and a concern with the unexplainable. Coleridge's "The Ancient Mariner" is a good example of this.
- Word count: 1302
in her life and are reflected in many of her poems. Therefore, I may certainly state that her poetry is closely related to her biographical background and I believe that the story of any poet's life enormously influences what he will produce afterwards. As an illustration, I decided to analyze Dickinson's poetry in one of the most critical periods of her life. Regardless of her hypersensitivity, social withdraw, and peculiar quietness, the well known critic Harlold Bloom says that Emily Dickinson is the archetype of ?the major western woman poet? with ?the best mind of all our poets?.
- Word count: 1402