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University Degree: Jonathan Swift

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  1. Satirical Pre 19th century Poetry

    Another literary device that was employed was the use of macaronic verse. Macaronic verse is language consisting of a mixture of words containing of two or more languages. Macaronic doggerel is used frequently throughout the poem, this is shown in line 58, '"que pensez-voz, Parrot? What meneth this besynes?"' This is effective use of satire to comment on John Skelton's period because he wrote Speke Parott to mock Thomas Cardinal Wolsey and Wolsey spoke a number of languages, therefore the parrot is declaring that despite understanding the myriad languages, Wolsey was unwise and ridiculous.

    • Word count: 2245
  2. How does Swift satirise human behaviour within Book IV of Gulliver's Travels?

    However Swift uses the Houyhnhnms, also, to express underlying human flaws by hinting at faults in the Houyhnhnms themselves. The Houyhnhnms are portrayed mainly as a perfect race to establish the extremities of human behaviour and that of their society. Swift makes no hesitation in convincing the reader of the Houyhnhnms worth, "The word Houyhnhnm, in their tongue, signifies a horse; and in it's etymology, the perfection of nature."2 Swift not only suggests the ideal race but names them this too, he has stated perfection which enables him to compare them to humans from the beginning of the book rather than build a character of perfection, therefore allowing him to concentrate on the satirical elements.

    • Word count: 2282
  3. This paper explains that Gulliver's voyage to the land of the

    But things change when Gulliver is convicted of treason for putting out a fire in the royal palace with his urine and is condemned to be shot in the eyes with poisoned arrows. The emperor eventually pardons him and he goes to Blefuscu, where he is able to repair a boat he finds and set sail for England. After staying in England with his wife and family for two months, Gulliver undertakes his next sea voyage, which takes him to a land of giants called Brobdingnag.

    • Word count: 2462
  4. Irish Emigration.

    The transformation that did however occur can be seen as the transformation of traditional Irish attitudes towards it. According to Tim Pat Coogan, the pattern of Irish emigration began in the sixteenth Century. 4 The invasion of Ireland under Elizabeth I, and the attempt to spread the Anglican Reformation, may be said to have started Catholic Irish emigration.5 Wars in Ireland, during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries saw waves of emigration from Ireland to Catholic Spain, Portugal and France. In addition, Cromwell transported several thousands from Ireland to Virginia and the West Indies. Despite this, it wasn't until the early eighteenth century that emigration became common practice.

    • Word count: 2123
  5. Cannibalism – the Last Taboo

    The hunt for the missing plane was given up and the story revolves round how the survivors managed to exist for 71 days until their rescue. The victims used their Catholic faith to help them through this but an obvious conflict arose when their only chance of survival was to eat the flesh of their dead companions. Read deals with this situation realistically and sensitively, sometimes lifting the situation with brief flashes of ironic humour. He was awarded the Thomas More Medal for distinguished contribution to Catholic literature for this novel.

    • Word count: 2337

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss The Similarities And Differences In Themes And Ideas As Shown In 'Stone Cold' And 'A Modest Proposal'.

    "This carried on until Vince locked him out of the house. Link went over to stay at his sister's for the night, and when returning home next morning Vince slapped him a few times on the head for worrying his mother. In my opinion this wasn't a good 'enough' reason for link to make himself homeless. Swindells could have it made it much harsher for Link which would have been made it more effect and real. Swindells also tries to write as a modern 16 year old when portraying Link. He makes lots of"

  • 'The two basic modes of satire are good-humoured teasing and savage attack.' Discuss The Rape of the Lock and A Modest Proposal in the light of this statement.

    "In conclusion, The Rape of the Lock and A Modest Proposal are prime examples of the two main types of satire. Pope's piece exhibits the good-humoured Horatian style, through which he can make his point without alienating or offending anyone. Swift's piece, on the other hand, highlights the shocking and harsh value of a savage attack. Both pieces are effective in their own ways, largely due to the fact that they had distinctly different goals. For example, the Juvenalian style would not have effectively settled the dispute Pope was attempting to resolve in his poem, as it would have only served to cause offence and probably made the situation worse. Similarly, the Horatian style would no have been suitable in an assault on the government's ethics, as something on such a large scale would have to stand out, which a mere teasing would not achieve. The style of satire is significantly dependant on the target audience and what the writer/poet is setting out to achieve, as the very nature of satire is extremely liable to cause damage through its ridiculing and mocking features. 1,404 words Mark Cavanagh WKoTiT? Essay - Spring Term 2004 Page 1 of 5"

  • Discuss satire in Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels - Part IV.

    "Certainly, though Knowles spends only a relatively small part of his treatise directly analyzing this section of the novel, he does an excellent job. He explores the various degrees and devices of satire employed by Swift. In some of his concluding pages Knowles focuses on some of the ironies of Houyhnhnm superiority. The Houyhnhnms have great difficulty in deciding whether or not to banish Gulliver. What is his status in their rigid social structure? They are not capable of seeing beyond their own two-dimensional country. Perhaps the most telling incident, a "symbol of Houyhnhnm limitation," is when Gulliver spots a tiny island in the distance through his small telescope, but the sorrel Houyhnhnm who has befriended him sees only a "cloud". He "had no Conception of a Country beside his own" (Knowles 140). Knowles' conclusion, of course, is that Houyhnhnm "myopia" was, in some ways, even worse than mankind's."

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