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University Degree: James Joyce

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  1. Opening Worlds (Stories from different cultures)

    But his plan backfires when he upsets local villagers and clashes with their ancient beliefs. The villager's are said to have started a tribal warfare after Michael Obi closed a an ancient path leading through the school, which is said to be the path of which the souls travel and after failing to let both modern and new methods combine. Michael and the local village priest discuss their methods in which Michael hits out at the priest saying '...the whole purpose of the school is to eradicate just such beliefs as that. Dead mean do not require footpaths' which leads into the Tribal warfare, proving the main point that old and new cannot live side by side.

    • Word count: 1030
  2. Bernard MacLaverty - More Than Just The Disease

    This portrays an image of an inhibiting environment much more typical of Victorian attitudes and standards. Importantly, the house does not belong to Michael's family but is used to represent an image of the family. The garden which is 'steep and terraced " is also described as being equally well tended to. The house-owner, Mrs Wan, stays in a caravan at the bottom of the garden when the house is rented out. This setting is described in stark contrast to the main home. It is untidy and unkempt. This lady lives in an apparently slovenly and unrestrictive environment which seems to present an image of open-mindedness.

    • Word count: 1421
  3. "Araby" by Joyce

    In the beginning the narrator is portrayed to be a young boy with outgoing, sporadic ideas and actions. The young boy in the beginning is someone who overvalues things. He appears to have various interests that last for a short time span, but puts full effort into every different interest that appeals to him at that certain time. He takes little events and turns them into situations which take over his life. "Every morning I lay on the floor in the front parlor watching her door. The blind was pulled down within an inch of the sash so that I could not be seen.

    • Word count: 1200
  4. The emotional emptiness in "Araby" by James Joyce, "The Chrysanthemums" by John Steinbeck which uses antagonism, mood and atmosphere in "The Fall of the House of Usher" by Edgar Allen Poe

    I was thankful that I could see so little." The death of the priest, dark-rainy evening, no sound in the house, are all imagery to describe an atmospheric state of internal emptiness of the boy. The last sentence, where the boy was thankful to see so little, shows that it would have made his emotions worse when he had seen more of the room. The boy's emotional circumstances do not only last in the beginning of the story, but it is an incessant sentiment until the end when he arrives at the almost-closed bazaar.

    • Word count: 1955
  5. Dubliners offers a comprehensive picture of what Dublin was like over a century ago. In this work, Joyce presents an especially accurate depiction of women in relation to their employment,

    By accepting meager payments, they set themselves up for exploitation by their employers. Daly says that, "women's work was generally classified as unskilled or semi-skilled, even though many of the tasks which they carried out in linen mills or with the sewing machine required considerable expertise" (Daly, 195). At this time, more and more women began to work in factories, but Florence Walzl says the more prominent occupations for women were "(1) operators of businesses that make women's and children's clothes and of shops that sell them; (2)

    • Word count: 1390
  6. To Be or Not to Be.

    Once one takes a closer look, they begin to question the reality of the situation Connie finds herself in. The beginning of the story describes a common Saturday for Connie and her friends. All of what occurred that night appeared normal. The following day, once her family had left the house for a barbeque, Connie goes outside and sits in the sun closing her eyes to relax. As soon as she reopens her eyes, Oates proceeds with the story, but with a new twist: ...and when she opened her eyes she hardly knew where she was, the backyard ran off into weeds and a fence line of trees and behind it the sky was perfectly blue and still.

    • Word count: 1296
  7. Comparison Essay "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" & "Paul's Case".

    This is stated to the reader by Cather on page 548, "The firm of Denny & Carson announced that the boy's father had refunded the full amount of the theft," and on page 546 after Paul has taken the bank notes, "here he was, the thing done; and this time there would be no awakening, no (parental) figure at the top of the stairs." These quotes show the differences in the morals that Paul's father had instilled upon him and the evident lack of morals that Paul's father failed to instill in him.

    • Word count: 1952
  8. What do we learn about Paul D's character in the first two chapters of 'Beloved'.

    Toni Morrison uses several literary techniques, with particular reference to stream-of-consciousness narration. As a result of this, the narrative is not always logically or chronologically ordered, for a present moment may trigger unrelated thoughts or past memories such as the story of Sixo. From delaying full narrative explanations Morrison accomplishes several things. First, the delay builds suspense in the reader. More importantly, the technique plunges the reader into a world where everything in not known, where explanations do not come easily, and where the significance of present realities lies in a past that has been long since buried.

    • Word count: 1244
  9. Herman Melville's short story "Bartleby the Scrivener" introduces many interesting characters with many different personalities to us.

    Aside from being upset at Bartleby, the narrator's sincerity towards Bartleby is also questionable. Every time the narrator tries to assist Bartleby, he seems to do it only to gratify himself. After the narrator informs Bartleby that the office must be vacated, he says to himself, "As I walked home in a pensive mood, my vanity got the better of my pity"(132). On his way home that night, the narrator congratulates himself on his handling of the situation. The narrator is glad to have gotten rid of Bartleby, but only it seems, because he gave Bartleby money.

    • Word count: 1010
  10. Symbolization of Dublin Life.

    (9) The boys plan a "day's miching" to escape their dull lives and strict teachers. They go on an "adventure" across the Liffey and watch the ships as they dock and the sailors on the ships. Other characters use different means of escaping their mundane lives. In "Counterparts," Farrington is bored with his job as a clerk: "His body ached to do something, to rush out and revel in violence." (58) He is not satisfied with his job and his home-life and despises his boss; he feels the need to do something to vent his frustration. His way to solve this is drinking, and he finally has to pawn his watch-chain to finance his escape-route.

    • Word count: 1953
  11. Comparison and Contrast of the Main Characters in "A & P" and "Araby"

    As Sammy grows-up in a quiet, suburban town in New England during the early 1960's, he takes on a bleak outlook of life as he becomes bored while serving his community as a cashier at the local A & P store. He does little to revolutionize his life during his adolescence, and finds himself searching for an outlet from his monotonous environment when he is nineteen. Sammy is presented with the opportunity of change when three girls stroll into his work one day unknowingly bringing him freedom.

    • Word count: 1598
  12. Commentary - Corkscrew, by Dashiell Hammett

    In this particular story the reader is draw even closer to the character through empathy. There are a few short bland statements which makes the character sound as if he speaks in a distant, bleak tone, there are also several references to isolation and loneliness, 'I was the only passenger', '..without conversation', 'No person was in sight'. Further more one gets the impression that he is out of control of this situation and unable to stop what is going to happen. I feel the phrase '...carried me..' conveys this and also '.. we pushed up a long slope, topped a sharp ridge and slid down into corkscrew'.

    • Word count: 1323
  13. Akutagawa vs. Tolstoy: The Similarities and the Differences

    The grove on the other hand, is symbolic of the bias and uncertainty that places the truth and the investigation, just as the grove inhibits the physical ability to see and maneuver through the grove. These references to symbolism help convey the overall theme of "In a Grove"- being that the truth is hindered by the bias inevitably present in every individual. Tolstoy as well uses symbolism to portray a theme of the story to the reader. Tolstoy's use of symbolism can be seen in the final scene of "How Much Land Does a Man Need" when Pahom is mapping of his land, "This [land] is so fine, it would be a pity to lose it.

    • Word count: 1376
  14. "Paul Crabbe changes from a selfish youth to a sensitive man" Discuss this statement with reference to the relationships that help to change Paul, especially his significant relationship with Keller.

    He was startled as most of the right finger was missing. Instead of ignoring his hands, Paul kept glancing at them, showing discourtesy, which made Keller feel awkward. Paul then went on and asked can you play Liszt without it? This showed that Paul was disrespectful towards Keller. Instead of ending his discourtesy, he decided to propel Keller further, making it seem that he was an expert when it came to music. As the novel and their relationship progressed, Paul became interested in Keller's past life. He was caught stickybeaked looking at Keller's photo's, whilst Keller was out.

    • Word count: 1157
  15. With reference to any two short stories that you have studied in the course, compare and contrast any two characters.

    Both Nicholas and Paul are young boys aged between 8 and 10 years old. Children who are in this age group are usually curious and inquisitive. Nicholas for example, is always curious about how the lumber room is because the room is always sealed from the youth and he can never enter the room under his aunt's supervision. He is also inquisitive when he asks his aunt why he is not allowed to go into the gooseberry garden. Like Nicholas, Paul is also curious and inquisitive. This happens when he keeps asking his mother about luck.

    • Word count: 1069
  16. I choose to compare and contrast Nicholas and Paul's characteristics.

    Nicholas and Paul are curious boys. Saki reveals Nicholas's characteristic when Nicholas is very eager to know what is in the lumber room "...Often and often Nicholas had pictured to himself what the lumber-room might be like, that region that was so carefully sealed from youthful eyes and concerning which no questions were ever answered...". Lawrence describes Paul as a curious son when he searches for the meaning of luck in his conversation with his mother, Hester. "..."Is luck money, mother?"

    • Word count: 1414
  17. Snowy dead people - Andrew Walleck.

    named Michael Furey. She then falls into a fitful sleep and Gabriel stays awake to attempt to contemplate. In his own words, Gabriel admits to himself that "He had never felt like that himself towards any woman," and that "he knew such a feeling must be love," (page 152.) This outright acknowledgement of his inability to match what he feels for Greta with what the deceased Michael Furey felt for his wife relates to a larger idea of Gabriel's sterility to outside emotion and lack of devices to cope with any level of interaction beyond the superficial. The elements play a very important role in this story as symbolic of the inner workings of the characters they are involved with.

    • Word count: 1284
  18. The Sins of Adults - In D. H. Lawrence's "The Rocking-Horse Winner" is a young boy, Paul, dies after using his gift to forecast the outcome of horse races.

    If you're lucky you have money. That's why it's better to be born lucky than rich. If you're rich, you may lose your money. But if you're lucky, you will always get more money" (891). This luck that refers to is not the luck that allows a person to live longer, she means luck in a monetary sense. In-turn Paul takes this information and finds a way to be lucky in a monetary sense, horse races. Later on more pressure is put on Paul when he gives five thousand pounds to his mother through the family lawyer and his mother is not happy.

    • Word count: 1078
  19. Short story - I have encountered many stories in my life so far.

    I found the story to be very unsettling and somewhat disturbing. First of all, the language and phrasing of the story brought a dark, depressing feeling over me. The first word of the story is 'dead.' This immediately gave me a negative feeling, and I knew that this was not going to be a cheerful, positive story. Throughout the whole story, the phrase, "dead, just like that," was repeated over and over again, repeating the depressing feeling over and over again, and the tone in which the it was said, was very heartless and cold.

    • Word count: 1322
  20. In my essay, I will be writing mainly about Keawe and Paul as they are the main characters in the stories; 'The Bottle Imp' and 'The Rocking Horse Winner'.

    He tests the bottle's powers and then shows it to his friend Lopaka. He then makes a wish for a house just like his uncle and cousin's and gets the house at the loss of his uncle and cousin's lives. After making the Imp appear before him, he then sells the bottle to his friend Lopaka. Keawe then meets a girl named Kokua and she accepts his offer of marriage. Keawe marries Kokua yet he is unhappy due to the fact that he is now in possession of the bottle yet again.

    • Word count: 1774
  21. Led by the Heart

    James Joyce in "Araby" uses situational irony and symbolic imagery in such a way that the ironical situation is complemented by the imagery and thus it becomes an embodiment of the principle theme of the short story. The very title "Araby," starts to fulfill the imagery of romance and one-half of the irony is that it pervades the short story. To the late nineteenth-century European mind, the Arabic lands of North Africa and the Middle East symbolized exotic delights, luxurious sensuality, decadence and escapism.

    • Word count: 1458

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • I choose to compare and contrast Nicholas and Paul's characteristics.

    "As a conclusion, both major characters are analyzed by their thought and point of view, authors' descriptions and the actions that they did in the stories. Both of them bring up the event to life and how their characteristics capture the readers' attention to understand the messages and themes in the stories."

  • With reference to any two short stories that you have studied in the course, compare and contrast any two characters.

    "After comparing and contrasting the characters, Nicholas and Paul, I realised that Nicholas is a stiff character while Paul is a round character. Nicholas' characteristic does not change from the beginning of the story till the end. He is still a naughty young boy, from telling his aunt about the frog in his basin of bread-and-milk and till the time when he rebels against his aunt. Otherwise Paul, his characteristics changes from being na�ve and innocent to mentally and emotionally challenged where at the end of the story he dies because of tensed and brain fever. In my opinion, these two characters succeed in bringing up the two short stories. D. H. Lawrence and H. Munro Saki thrived in expressing their thought trough these two characters."

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