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University Degree: James Joyce
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Reading had been a favourite pleasure for Joyce since early years and even though his economic disadvantage, he still managed to attend the Jesuit schools Conglowes Wood College, Belvedere College and University College, Dublin. His greatest influences were Dante, Hauptmann, Yeats and Ibsen, to whom he in 1901 even sent a complimentary letter. In 1902, only 20 years old, Joyce escaped the "close- and narrow-mindness of Irish Catholism" and went to Paris, where he spent a year out of his life writing poetry while still living in severe poverty.
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“I struggle to keep writing as much as possible in male hands as much as possible as I distrust the feminine in literature.” (T.S. Eliot). Discuss with examples.
While Joyce is concerned with the male anxieties regarding identity and paternity, ("He proves by algebra that Hamlet's grandson is Shakespeare's grandfather and that he himself is the ghost of his own father"2), he rejects the Freudian obsession with the artist and masculinity by simultaneously examining the feminine psyche. Joyce weaves these two strands in amongst the other elements of Ulysses in an attempt to form a representation of humankind as a whole.
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Now, it's not just the ratio of male to female stories being the main difference, there is also a difference in how Joyce represents the genders in the love-based paralysis. This secondary difference brings to light what Marilyn French discusses in her book Shakespeare's Division of Experience, ?[t]he basic distinction in human social order since the beginning of recorded history has been gender" (11). Paralysis, in all of the stories, presents a great difference in how the love-based paralysis in a woman is presented from how it is presented in a man.
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