University Degree: Mary Shelley
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"Gothic...reflects humanity's quest to aspire to great things, but also to hide in shadowy spaces. It represents perpetual human ambition, and the constant threat of human failure"
However this desperate need induces a fear of failure and an incapability to take responsibility for his actions. For example, in chapter 8, Frankenstein watches as an innocent girl is sent to her death. He feared the truth and the reaction of those around him, choosing instead to hide from those who care about him most: 'I believed in her innocence; I knew it. Could the daemon who had (I did not for one minute doubt) murdered my brother also in his hellish sport have betrayed the innocent to death...' (Frankenstein 81) Frankenstein dispatches these traits on to his monster.
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During all of the crucial scenes in this novel, the recurring theme of a storm is present. For example, the night that the creature first awakened was stormy and rainy. When Frankenstein heard of his brother's death, he traveled back home to Geneva. As he was walking through the night, the storm steadily grew more intense by the minute. "While I watched the storm, so beautiful yet terrific...This noble war in the sky elevated my spirits; I clasped my hands and exclaimed aloud, 'William, dear angel! This is thy funeral, this thy dirge,'" (Norton Anthology, 946). The storm complimented Frankenstein's mood; and though the storm was fierce and terrible, he could do nothing but be in awe of its power.
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Stoker's retaliation against the feminist ideal of the "new woman" is portrayed in the two main women in the novel. His intent was to certainly interest and provoke feminist readers by this portrayal. Stoker allows women to take charge as we can see when looking at the character of Mina in relation to her intellect and decision making. At times however he allows them to seem pitiful creatures in need of male protection and care. Through the word "journal" in reference to Mina's writings, Stoker allows her to be equal with her male companions.
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It is necessary only to substitute kisses for intercourse and semen for blood to be left with a novel as sexually explicit as any of the time"  Bram Stokers Dracula has held a fascination for both the public
It must be noted that anti-Semitic feeling is as old as the Jews themselves and not a Nazi invention. The rise of the proto- Feminist added to Victorian tensions. Such women were regarded, on the whole, as yet another new (invading) species and represented a threat, a cultural shift away from the patriarchal order. Another threat to patriarchal order was the fear of homosexuality ("the love that dare not speak its name") following the highly publicized trial of Oscar Wilde in 1895 on charges of sodomy.
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This is shown when Jonathon is leaving from the hotel and an old lady begs him not to go, she says 'It is the eve of St George's Day. Do you not know that tonight, when the clock strikes midnight, all the evil things in the world will have full sway?' (Dracula: 13) 1. This symbolises that something awful will happen because the old lady is so scared that she gives Jonathon her crucifix and puts it around his neck.
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He only lets him out during the night because he doesn't want society to judge him, but neither can Hyde, society can. Also when Hyde is let out at night you know something scary is going to happen as all horror films occur during night time. Everybody has a Mr Hyde inside themselves. On page 7 "I was coming home from some place at the end of the world, about 3 o'clock". What was Mr Enfield doing at 3 a.m.
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The first example of this is in chapter one as Jonathan Harker is travelling to Castle Dracula, as he is given a crucifix from a local person, when they hear of his destination. Later in the book it discusses how you can defend yourself from Dracula and other vampires by the possession of a crucifix or practically any consecrated item from the Christian religion can be used to save you from the attack or presence of a vampire. Another example of a superstitious religious act is later in the book when Van Helsing uses a Host to prevent Dracula from entering his coffin.
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There was something about them that made me uneasy, some longing and at the same time deadly fear. I felt in my heart a wicked , burning desire that they would kiss me with thoses red lips." Johnathon is described as being "in an agony of delightful anticipation" as the three discuss who should feast on him first and later in the novel, Van helsing experiences the same kind of seduction by these vamires. Another scene of uninhibited sexuality is that of Dracula forcing Mina to drink the blood from his breast.
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In order to perform a textual analysis of chapter 5 "Incident of the Letter" within Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde several issues need to be considered.
(Stevenson, 2003, pg 26). Other examples include surgeon, doctor or MP, chemical apparatus, doctor's cabinet and acid. These are all typically used within the medical industry and follow the language rules, which are to be used when discussing issues within the medical discourse. There is also evidence of the medical body of knowledge within Dr Jekyll for he is seen to have the right utensils for practicing medicine. There are also references made of the institutions associated within the practice of medicine, which are there to protect them, which in this case is Utterson for he is Jekyll's lawyer.
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It illustrates a time of transition, and is a metaphor reflecting the indecisiveness of the scientist, Victor Frankenstein. It is also a reference to nature, which is, along with the long sentence structures of the passage, typical of the 19th Century Romantics. Shelley often uses this long structure to make our voice rise and fall on certain words, so we accent some of them. It makes us concentrate and pause on certain words of importance. The words "idle" and "pause", which are still a continuation of the long first sentence, slow down the sentence reflecting the actual notion of being in thoughtful pause.
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Although the women's characters in Frankenstein are more underlying they are vital to the structure of the story.
They make his account feel more personal and believable for the reader. Especially as the locations described in the novel are likely to be alien to them. The introduction of Mrs Saville, an English, middle class, married woman, would have made it easier for similar people to identify with the story and therefore bring the events closer to home for them. The letters also stress the importance of family. For example in Letter One, Walton is feeling low and lonely and says "...I bitterly feel the want of a friend. I have no one near me gentle...to approve or amend my plans."
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However, he became too ambitious and paid dearly for his creation's actions. The death of Frankenstein is the most obvious example of the destructive powers of the ambitious quest for knowledge. Victor Frankenstein was engaged in a vivacious pursuit for knowledge. He was well educated later in life, attending a big university at Ingolstadt where he dove into books, studied natural philosophy and chemistry under great professors, and learned all he could from each. But, in his tenacious pursuit of excellence, he creates his own destruction. Frankenstein would not be happy until he surged beyond accepted human limits and accessed the secret of life.
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In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and in The Book of Genesis, Victor Frankenstein and the Christian God both create intelligent beings that are seemingly dependent upon their masters mentally and emotionally.
The defiance that Adam and Eve committed against God angered Him greatly because of the trust that He had given them. Because of these acts, Adam and Eve, like the monster in Frankenstein, were rejected and punished by the One who created them. God's treatment of the ignorant couple was not filled with negligence, resentment, or fear. He created Adam and Eve with a calling and purpose, and though they were ignorant of the world around them, this ignorance was a gift of protection from the temptations of the material world.
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Dracula's abilities and limitations were often influenced by superstition. Dracula has the ability to command the behavior and thoughts of animals, his can shape-shift into the form of mist, a wolf or a bat. On the other hand he must obey certain laws of nature, why we do not know. During the time Dracula is in England he often travels in the shape of a bat, wolf, or mist so he can have the freedom of going unnoticed by the people. 1.
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The novel itself is written in a frame or embedded narrative style, with the letters between Walton and his sister as the outer frame. Frankenstein's account of events.
From the beginning the imagery of the setting is very gothic in that "It was a dreary night of November..." and the "...candle was nearly burnt out, when by the glimmer of the extinguished light..." Frankenstein "...saw the dull yellow eye of the creature open...". The words such as dreary and dull and the emphasis on darkness with the nearly burnt out candle, create a classic gothic setting. These images along with phrases such as "With an anxiety that almost amounted to agony..."
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"With reference to at least two novels published after 1870, examine ways in which they disclose anxieties about male and/or female sexuality at the end of the nineteenth century."
A great many people felt that something needed to be done to arrest this decline in standards and the decadents were one of their favoured targets. William Booth - who later went on to found the Salvation Army - described the state of the country in 1890 by comparison with the records of Dr Stanley's famed journey through the Congo. He described London as a near impenetrable jungle, filled with savages and forsaken by God. "Talk about Dante's hell, and all the horrors and cruelties of the torture chamber of the lost!
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In the novel, Dracula, Stocker brings to his characters the typical description of a human being as in real life. Often, the main character will keep his role of importance but a less important one at the beginning will obviously raise his role and will be more focused at. Characters will show qualities of rebelliousness and independence while at the beginning they were seen as regular as the others. Bram Stoker has a unique way of writing and thinking. In his reading of Dracula, he reflects what he thinks about society and the people who make part of it.
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Amy puts the plates on the table and walks to the door. AMY (Shouting) Shelly Amy sits down to her dinner. The clock is now at 12:35pm. Amy places her knife and fork on the table, looking puzzled she gets up from her chair. 3. INT. BEDROOM. DAY The room is spacious, with plenty of clutter around. There are posters of male pop stars on the wall. On the desk are a set of oil paints and a half done painting that is almost dry.
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This would have added to the reader's sense of amazement during each fantastical event. These different geographical locations also facilitate the Gothic genre of a story within a story (the monster's tale, within Frankenstein's tale, which is within Walton's tale), as we are taken on a journey through their narratives. Shelley uses a variety of locations within these geographical areas, from courtrooms (a place of suffering in both Frankenstein and Great Expectations) and laboratories to desolate icy terrains and various homes (grand and ramshackle).
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death of her newborns on several occasions.1 Her journal of March 19, 1815 recorded, "Dream that my little baby came back to life again."2 Also, Mary Wollstonecraft died giving birth to Mary herself. These issues contribute to Frankenstein as a birth myth, and one that was lodged in Shelley's imagination because she herself was a mother.3 Shelley was set apart from the generality of writers of her own time because of her early and unpleasant experience of becoming a mother, and her unique technique of hideously intermixing death and birth in the novel.4 Frankenstein is a representation of Shelley's feelings and experiences of pregnancy, and parenthood, and can be referred to as a birth myth.
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Frankenstein by Mary Shelly - So before we have even read her tale, we know that she initially intended to write it as some form of ghost story. Did Shelley achieve her goal?
In her preface to Frankenstein, Shelley tells the reader that 'in the evenings we crowded around a blazing wood fire, and, occasionally amused ourselves with some German stories of ghosts...' She goes on to describe how 'these tales excited us in a playful desire of imitation. [Percy Shelley, Lord Byron]...and myself agreed to write each a story, founded on some supernatural occurrence' (Norton Anthology, p. 908). So before we have even read her tale, we know that she initially intended to write it as some form of ghost story.
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New scientific discovery swept across 18th century civilization, and the need for knowledge had overcome society. To the less educated, Gothic literature, (with its strong themes of science,) was seen as a way to further understand and involve themselves within these interesting developments, while the experienced scientist would be curious of the science mentioned in Gothicism. Another major theme that Gothicism claimed was religion. The society of mid 1800 looked upon God as an omnipotent figure; he was powerful, judgmental and supreme. However, many opposing and previously untouched views on God were infused in the theme of Gothic literature.
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What image of Cephallonia and its inhabitants do you gain from chapters three and seven of "Captain Corelli's Mandolin"? Discuss with particular reference to humour.
Much of the comedy created is with reference to the individual status of the characters described. This humour is continued with Pelagia's response to hearing Velisarios is 'in the square' when she drops her duties and with that reduces her prestige as 'she put up the broom with which she had been sweeping the yard and hurried out to join the gaggle of the inquisitive and impressionable that had gathered near the well'. Although it is humorous to read how easily entertained and distracted Pelagia can be, this incident also indicates how closely the inhabitants of Cephallonia are with each other, as de Bernieres always describes the community as a whole, 'crowd'.
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The novel "Frankenstein" can be seen to have been inspired by events and experiences in Mary Shelley's own life. Discuss!
Why not assume a subconscious guilt to have followed Mary Shelley all her life? She could think that her half-sister might not have committed suicide if their mother has been alive. The next tragedy - finding Henrietta (P.B. Shelley's wife) drowned - could also be associated. Psychologically it is not an exception for a wife abandoned by her husband to kill herself. A nearly direct reminder of a possible self-accusation by the writer is the first person form of the Frankenstein narrative: "I called myself the murderer of William, of Justine, and of Clerval" (P.
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Mary Shelley's Frankenstein: Some of the Medical, Ethical and Legal Issues Presented by the Novel Today.
In 2004 we are in a new 'Age of Enlightenment' where rapid advances in medical science challenge conventional assumptions about birth (extra uterine fertilisation treatment and 'designer babies'), life (therapeutic cloning and organ transplantation) and death (cryonics). But Frankenstein reminds us that without legal restraint, science may go too far and cause more harm than good. 'Building' People: Breaking Down the Human Body "Who shall conceive the horrors of my secret toil, as I dabbled among the unhallowed damps of the grave, or tortured the living animal to animate the lifeless clay?"
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