• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Should Great Expectations End?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Popescu Cristina Prof. Dr. Adina Ciugureanu Seminar: Nicoleta Stanca British Literature 2nd year January 16, 2007 How Should Great Expectations End? Many of the events from Dickens's early life are mirrored in "Great Expectations", which, apart from David Copperfield, is his most autobiographical novel. Pip, the novel's protagonist, lives in the marsh country, works at a job he hates, considers himself too good for his surroundings, and experiences material success in London at a very early age, exactly as Dickens himself did. During this metamorphosis, Pip neglects his friendships with Biddy and Joe. Pip ultimately matures when he takes care of Magwitch after the accident at the river. He discovers the importance and the goodness of what Magwitch had done for him. The relationship between Magwitch and Pip grows due to the Pip's maturity. The relationship between Pip and Joe also develops once Pip realizes how valuable friendship is. The ending of "Great Expectations" is more controversial than it may seem at first. ...read more.

Middle

The romantic ending reinforce the idea that Victorianism had a great influence uppon the writers. The melodrama, in which in the end the victim is rescued, is used in "Great Expectations", one of the narative strategies, typical to the Victorian Age. Professor Laurence Tribe and Michael Dorf have written that Bulwyer-Lytton convinced Dickens to change the ending of "Great Expectations." According to them, Dickens originally planned to have Pip's love for Estrella remain unrequited. On Bulwer-Lytton's advice, "Dickens changed the ending, uniting the hero and his love". Some critics have felt that the original ending of Great Expectations is more true to the tone of the novel, that the process of Pip's redemption as a character is exactly the process that would make his continued love for Estella impossible. Others have felt that the original ending is too harsh, that their common past has destined Pip and Estella for one another, and that the main story of the novel is the story of their mutual development toward the conditions in which their love can be realized. ...read more.

Conclusion

as I could, and I have no doubt the story will be more acceptable through the alteration" and "Upon the whole I think it is for the better." The second ending has generally been published from Dickens's time to our own, so that it is the one which most readers know. Its good to have a novel with two endings because you can choose the one you prefer. I think that it depends on the reader's personality, if he/she is pesimistic or optimistic. Biblography Ciugureanu, Adina Victorian Selves (A Study in the Literature of th Victorian Age) pp.44-45, 47 Constanta: Ovidius University Press. Galea, Ileana Victorianism & Literature pp. 65-67, 71, 78-79 Cluj-Napoca: Dacia, 1996. Meckier, Jerome Charles Dickens's 'Great Expectations': a defense of the second ending. Roland, Carter The Penguin Guide to English Literature: Britain and Ireland pp. 145-149 London: Penguin Schad, John Dickens Refiurated. Bodies, Desires and Other Histories, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996. http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/dickens/ge/ripple17.html http://www.bellmore-merrick.k12.ny.us/greatex.html 1 Jerome Meckier, "Charles Dickens 's 'Great Expectations': a defense of the second ending". ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Other Authors section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Other Authors essays

  1. In Crime and Punishment, both Sonya and Dunya are the embodiments of Christian virtue, ...

    With the support of Dunya, Pulcheria writes of her hope that the match will serve Raskolnikov, explaining, "So, dear Rodya, he may be quite useful to you, even in everything, and Dunya and I have already decided that from this very day you could definitely begin your future career and

  2. Utilitarianism Analysing the validity of its criticism in Dickens' "Hard Times".

    Bentham founded a group of intellectual philosophers called the 'Philosophical Radicals', or simply the 'Benthamites', which had some of the leading thinkers of the age as members. But Bentham's philosophy came under heavy assault by his opponents when he (infamously)

  1. Is 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' a book for children or adults?

    our adult world, including all the social rules which which would seem silly to one. Wonderland is a very strange place for Alice, this can be seen as a metaphor for Victorian society being a confusing and bewildering experience for children growing up.

  2. Du Bois theory of propaganda and African American media portrayal is supported by events ...

    The newspapers and reporters use Bigger as a form of entertainment and portray him as a violent ape-like creature.

  1. Sorting, Longing, Seeing and Saving: An Analysis of Magical Devices in Harry Potter ...

    he is taught by then-professor Lupin an especially powerful spell, Expecto Patronum. The Dementors are the prison guards at Azkaban and are hunting Sirius Black. They are horrible creatures, who embody depression, as they feed off of human?s happy feelings and memories, forcing them to relive their worst experiences.

  2. Comparing Julian Barnes A History of the World in 10 Chapters to Elisabeth ...

    The answer would be a shy confession ? or smug boast ? of theft. Old Redface had his blanket pilfered again by Little Grey Wolf. Well, did you ever?

  1. Assess the extent to which Great Expectations is a realist novel

    His use of the filler ?oh? and the extended ?r? sound along with the contraction ?you?d? show how is re-creating the true to life way in which people speak. Additionally he tries to re-create dialect in his work, for example Joe says to Pip ?you and me is always friends?[4]

  2. Two different Jamesian heroines: Daisy Miller and Catherine Sloper

    yelling at her with "growing vehemence, pouring out the bitterness and in the clairvoyance of her passion". This scene is significant because it is the first in which the reader gets a real insight into the inner turmoil and anger that Catherine is suffering through her conflict with Morris.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work