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Is it true that early Greek Philosophers discovered nature?

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Introduction

Is it true that early Greek Philosophers discovered nature? Greek philosophers where the first people in the West to discover and explore nature in a rationalised way. They made educated guesses about the creation of the world and also the creation of the universe. Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western Culture, and this explains why. Some of the ancient Philosophers have successfully predicted findings of twentieth century science. The concept of atoms, for example, was first formulated by Leucippus and Democritus, this was around 400 BC. Since then, Greek thought and values have been tremendously influential throughout centuries and has lasted to the present day which we live in. This essay will argue that the Greek philosophers indeed discovered nature. It will claim firstly, about how Thales could predict the times of eclipse, he also argues that the origin of all matter is water. Secondly it will show Anaxamander who lived after Thales and what his beliefs where relating to the four elements (air, water, earth, and wind). Then It will discuss Anaxamenses who talks of the four elements that Anaxamander had discussed. ...read more.

Middle

Anaximenses 494 BC. He fundamental substance, he said, is air. The soul is air, fire is rarefied air, when condensed air becomes first, water, then when further condensed earth, then stone. Consequently all differences between different substances are quantitative, depending entirely upon the amount or degree of condensation. This may sound strange to us now, but we always have to remember that the early Greeks lived in an environment where indigenous beliefs and superstitions prevailed in the spiritual world. Empedocles 490 - 430 BC was the first philosopher that stated that there are four primordial elements the elements being fire, water, air, and earth. He wrote "On nature" and "Purifications", and it was obvious in these books that he was remarkably ahead of his time. He made several note worthy statements such as, that the moon would shine by reflected light and that solar eclipses are caused by the inter position of the moon. He also stated that light takes time to travel but so little time that we cannot observe it. He also discovered that if a cup of water is whirled round at the end of a string , the water does not flow out. ...read more.

Conclusion

In spite of this the concept of mind as the force and the idea that t drives things was highly original and had a significant impact on later philosophers. To conclude I feel strongly about the fact that, in my view, nature was discovered through Western Philosophers thoughts and discussions. They made it more obvious to others that nature was in our atmosphere and that there was perhaps living things and life, such as growth, in the world that we live in. It is very much evident from these philosophers which I have just discussed that their way of thinking was profoundly different and intelligent compared to others in their time. It seems to me that these philosophers where ahead of their time indeed, and that they questioned things that others would not have even passed any remarks on. The likes of these philosophers mentioned previously has definitely made a major impact on the way they lived, and the way we live today. If there was hardly any thinking about nature, then science would have never been born If we didn't take note of what these philosophers said back then we would perhaps live in a world were things were not questioned but just taken for granted. ...read more.

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