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Micro Water Management -The Concept, Methods of Intervention And Experience at NBTDP.

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A Report on Micro Water Management - The Concept, Methods of Intervention And Experience at NBTDP by Professor S. B. Roy, Chairman IBRAD, Calcutta Introduction The last half of the 20th century was characterised by unprecedented changes and irreversible trends in natural, technological, social, economic and political factors that have affected human life in radical ways. This when combined with population explosion, urbanisation, industrialisation and economic development exerted high pressure and demand on natural resources, most notably on water resources. We need to have an efficient and effective management of our water resource as its demand has increased with the rise in the population growth and the rise in pollution. Firstly comes the policy support and legislation of the country, the attitude and capacity of the state, the local bodies and the local self government to operationalise the rational use of water. Different stakeholders are involved in the different aspects of the water management like that of irrigation, domestic and industrial supply, flood control and so on. Secondly, the interrelationship between the land and water should be viewed as SYSTEM and water as part of the planning process. Thirdly, research and development programmes need to be undertaken on a range of activities like that of water conservation, water quality management, pollution control, water recovery, reuse and recycling and above all the social institutions which influences and CONDITIONS human perception and behaviour both at the community level and Bureaucratic level. There is a definite pattern of flow and usages of water. This pattern has a definite configuration of relationships. It also has physical structure and some set of activities which forms system. Whether water will be considered as a resource and can be used on sustainable basis depends on the pattern of existence water bodies and usages of water by the human society. There are different types of water sources which are parts of the water system. ...read more.


For example, farmers of Babupara told that their drinking water is contaminated. The facilitator listened to their problem. Facilitator then recognised and appreciated their problem. He then asked the farmers whether the problem could be solved? What are the options available to solve the problem? Framers said that the wells have to be cleared, mud has to be removed and the cracks are to be repaired. Then they were asked whether they themselves can take some steps to solve the problem for their own well being or they will depend on the outsiders to solve the problem? How much money and time they need to solve the problem? What would be the consequences (measuring consequences by the farmers themselves) if they take initiative to solve the problem and if they sit idle? Farmers said they would take action to solve the problem. A plan of action was made stating who will do what, when they will start the work, how they will perform, where they will start etc. Accordingly the farmers of Babupara cleaned their wells. They used the RLI pumpset to take out the water from the wells. They cleared the muds from the wells, repaired the cracks, gave bleaching powder in the wells. They have completed cleaning all the wells within the commands area of the mini RLI. They are also keeping monthly records to monitor whether their water borne diseases are reducing in number or not. This is one example to show how through sensitisation people can be activated to take action for problem solving. Ways out to solve the problems Sensitisation is bring about participatory management of this water bodies. To elicit any active participation responsible behaviour of community it is essential that they (a) understand the extent of the problem and how they daily suffering directly from it. (b) Themselves think of way to solve these problems. To achieve (a) ...read more.


They have also decided that clothes would not be washed near the wells. Jute retting would also not be done in an area near to any of the wells. Khattimari 1. Water level of the river decreasing every year. 2. Impure drinking water. 3. Occurrence of stomach diseases every year. Study Completed Putimari Fuleswari 1. Iron in the tube well water. 2. River course shifting. 3. Insufficient irrigation due to shortage of suction pipes. 4. Threat of theft. Pump house fencing and purchasing of suction pipe for the second machine. After repeated petitions and requests to the concerned departments bore no fruit, the cultivators withdrew some money from their account and bought the required length of suction pipes. They also fenced the pumphouse with corrugated tin sheets to protect it from theft. Kismat Dasgram Study Completed Future activities, recommended for institutionalization of Micro Water Management * District level workshop. Block level workshop and formation of working groups. Identification of the G.Ps and selection of sites by the working groups. * Introduction with the villagers. Conducting PRA. Common goal setting for water management. Implementation of small actions in the field. * Facilitating villagers to develop new rules, regulations, control mechanism for water management. Developing and implementing plan of action for micro water management. * Developing mechanism to monitor the process and measure the change. District level and block level review meeting of the working groups. Integration with other sectors looking into the progress of work. * Implementation work continues. Exploring opportunities for marketing network and economic returns. Measuring health status. * Review meeting at block and district level. Technical training to the villagers. Developing participatory indicators to measure the impact of micro water management on new social institutions, ecology and economy. * State level feedback workshop. Developing network among the villagers for sustainable micro water management. * Review meeting at the block level. Developing institutional linkages. * Exchange visits to have spread effect. * Documentation of the process. Feedback workshops at G.P. block and district level. * State level policy workshop. Standardization of training material for replication. 1 ...read more.

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