• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Poetry Defined by Romantics Though Lord Byron described William Wordsworth as "crazed beyond all hope"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Poetry Defined by Romantics Though Lord Byron described William Wordsworth as "crazed beyond all hope" and Samuel Taylor Coleridge as "a drunk," the two are exemplary and very important authors of the Romantic period in English literature (648). Together these authors composed a beautiful work of poems entitled Lyrical Ballads. Included in the 1802 work is a very important preface written by William Wordsworth. The preface explains the intention of authors Wordsworth and Coleridge, and more importantly, it includes Wordsworth's personal opinion of the definition and criteria of poetry and of what a poet should be. Although there was some disagreement about the proper diction of a good poem, Coleridge, the lesser represented author of the two in the work, agrees with most of Wordsworth's criteria. He voices his own personal opinions, however, in his Biographia Literia. In both Lyrical Ballads and Biographia Literia, the authors' opinions coincide in that the definition and criteria of a poem is to be a structured and carefully planned composition that stirs passionate natural emotions in the reader and that the poet is the force directly responsible for this. To accomplish this, a great poet must possess an intimate knowledge of nature and have close interaction with all aspects of it. ...read more.

Middle

This is a point that Coleridge opposes, however, believing that language differs with occupation (Taybi 94). To Wordsworth, the poet is a translator that communicates the passion felt by nature to the conscious mind of the reader. Passion as described by Wordsworth and Coleridge is derived most naturally from "situations from common life" (Preface 241). This subject of "common life" in poetry is of particular importance to Wordsworth. Although of much lesser importance to Coleridge, both authors considered this as a one of the criteria of a good poem. Wordsworth chose the subject of common life because it is what he finds to be in closest association with nature. He says "poetry is the image of man and nature" and a "homage paid to the native and naked dignity of man" (247). To Wordsworth, the most important type of common life was the "low and rustic life because the essential passions of the heart find a better soil in that condition," and the "manners of rural life germinate from those elementary feelings" (241). In other words, this type of man's feelings was more recognizable and more closely connected with the natural, or instinctive, feelings of man. ...read more.

Conclusion

The distinction between poetry and prose discussed by the authors is in agreement that a poem is something better than a work of prose. Coleridge sys this by completely separating the definitions of the two while Wordsworth blends the two terms together by saying "poems will be found to be strictly the language of prose, when prose is well written" (245). Coleridge and Wordsworth create a definition and criteria for a poem that becomes representative for the ideology of the Romantic era. They thought that a poem should be a careful composition resulting from the passionate feelings that are experienced through nature. They are in agreement on the criteria of a poem being that it must evoke the emotion of passion each time it is written and that it must be written about nature, whether of Earth or of the human experience. The two also believe it is the poet's responsibility to put these emotions into words by being knowledgeable about poetry and, most importantly, having a truly intimate interaction between nature and his own mind. The two poets did seem to disagree on the actual proper structure of a poem, however, they both agreed on a basic purpose and technique that brought about an entirely new kind of poem in the beginning of the nineteenth century. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Wordsworth section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Wordsworth essays

  1. An analysis of 'Nutting' by William Wordsworth

    each word is a blow to the 'sullied' tree which 'patiently gave up' causing guilt and 'a sense of pain' to the speaker.

  2. Nature in relation to William Wordsworth and John Clare's Poetry.

    time being just after he had returned from France where he felt the revolution was getting too violent for him to stay; despite his support for it. We can see that Wordsworth has a huge amount of respect for nature.

  1. What are the differences between the humour in Aristophanes' "The Frogs" and "The Wasps"?

    laugh by using gaudy language, as he is able to in "The Wasps" where he uses very grotesque imagery of "camel's rump and monstrous unwashed balls", means Aristophanes must rely on the content of the speeches to be amusing and for the humour to be relevant and appreciated by the

  2. The Pulse of Poetry.

    they turn away and "move to the other end of the field". The Bull Moose is helpless forgotten by the "cattle" his own kind, creating the image of not only Christ being ignored by his people but our selfish humanity in general, whether towards ourselves or nature caring only for ones personal fortune.

  1. Free essay

    Write a close analysis of Lines left upon a Seat in a Yew-tree which ...

    It is after this that Wordsworth refers to him as a "lost man!", he has been lost in isolation, to the beauty of nature and grows regretful and sadder "Til his eye streamed with tears" and eventually dies alone with "the seat as his only monument".

  2. romanticism in 'The Tyger' by William Blake, 'On This Day I Complete My Thirty-Sixth ...

    asking what the existence of evil and violence in the world inform us about the nature of God. The writer continues to question the appearance of God: 'What dread hand? & what dread feet?' God is someone who can create creature which contains both beauty and horror, at the same time.

  1. I will explore the romantic aspects in William Wordsworth's poems 'The Daffodils,' Percy Shelley's ...

    Ozymandias has referred to himself four times, which portrays his ego. In on of the lines he uses the word 'mighty' which must refer to other kings who 'despair' as there work wouldn't be as great as his. In the final three lines his pride is shown to be in rain: 'nothing beside remains.'

  2. NATURE, natural, and the group of words derived from them, or allied to them ...

    of the occurrence of many phenomena; and the progress of science mainly consists in ascertaining those conditions. When discovered they can be expressed in general propositions, which are called laws of the particular phenomenon, and also, more generally, Laws of Nature.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work