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Psychology is defined as a scientific study of human mind and behaviour processes. Discuss.

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Introduction

1.1) Psychology is defined as a scientific study of human mind and behaviour processes. Just as all definitions have limitation, the definition of psychology has limitations too. For example, some psychologists would interpret 'behaviour' to mean both overt responses and conscious experience, while others would be more restrictive. Similarly, some psychologists include behaviour of other species, while some are concerned only with human behaviour. Despite such variations in the focus of interests, the methods used in psychology are scientific. That is, the methods are primarily based on a tradition which originated with the natural sciences of physics, chemistry and biology. That is why I would like to propose that a more useful way of thinking about the discipline of psychology, is to see it as part of the sum total of what people do because, like other scientific disciplines psychology is a human activity. It is scientific in that it is based on the methods of systematic observation and analysis which are part of all science. One of the things that make psychology unique as a science is that the investigator (which is the psychologist) and the subject matter (the client) are essentially the same. Psychology also provides the tools to identify and modify human thought, feelings and behaviour, affecting how people interpret and interact with the world around them. The task of understanding behaviour can be related to perception. ...read more.

Middle

or nurture (empiricism) which accounts for human abilities. They are either inborn or learnt. Most present -day psychologists and biologist would reject such an extreme either or approach to such a complex issue, mainly on the grounds that the two theories are attempts to answer the wrong question :to ask 'is it nature or nurture?'', Is to ask an oversimplified question which will inevitably produce an oversimplified answer. It has always been thought that nurture played a significant part in the development of human beings. Dr Bruce D Perry wrote a book titled Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential says and I quote ''When the child has diverse experiences , loss , threat neglect and injury there can be disruptions of neurodevelopment that will result in neutral organization that can lead to compromised functioning through out life.'' Jean-Jacques Rousseau propounded the view that man is born pure or, more accurately, does not do ill because of "the peacefulness of their passions, and their ignorance of vice" but is then corrupted by society or nurture. Rousseau's fanciful notion of the man untainted by the corruptions of society was put to the test when Victor a wild child was finally captured in 1800. Unfortunately, this surly, uncooperative self-centered individual was not what had been expected The famous French philosopher Rousseau wanted a natural development of the child. In fact, he wanted the child to be protected from the influences of society so that he can grow up as Nature intended him to be. ...read more.

Conclusion

A child must learn to walk erect, to talk, to eat with a knife and fork, to catch a ball, to ride a bicycle, to swim, et cetera. The mastery of these skills does not fall from the sky. A child must also learn to sustain his attention, to listen when spoken to, to follow through on instructions, to control his behaviour and to sit still and remain in his seat when the situation so requires. These abilities, which play a determining role in school success, also do not happen automatically. The same applies to qualities such as friendliness, thankfulness, honesty, truthfulness, unselfishness and respect for authority. All these skills and qualities and many more must be learned for the child to eventually lead a happy and successful adult life. That is why feral children are an excellent source of evidence in this nature and nurture debate, because they cannot walk, talk or even socialise. They cannot show any emotions nor have empathy. This is due to them growing in isolation and not having humans to interact with so that they can learn the basic skills of life. This also proves that its not only nature that play a big role in child development but the environment you grow up in makes an impact to child development or the upbringing of a person because that is where you learn to be what you will become. So in conclusion I will say that neither nature nor nurture is plays a bigger role than the other in growth learing and development, they are both equally important for development. ...read more.

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