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Show how Freud impacted on writing of the 20th century with reference to one novel

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Introduction

ASPECTS OF THE HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE III: 1800 TO THE PRESENT DAY. STUDENT ID: 0400077 Show how Freud impacted on writing of the 20th century with reference to one novel. William Golding wrote of his novel "Lord of the Flies" that the theme was an attempt to explore how the defects society are based largely on human nature rather than the structure of civilization. Golding used "Lord of the Flies" to allegorically explain that the architecture of a society depends on the morality of the individual rather than a social or political construction, regardless of its inherent merit or esteem. Golding very carefully and cleverly used children as characters portraying the human race. Traditionally, children are seen as immature and dismissible; they are commonly seen as almost less than human because of their underdeveloped physique and mental capacity. While traditionalists may see it as a poor example, Golding counters that children are fundamentally more representative of human nature. Rather than being oversaturated with societal norms and tendencies like adults, children are original in their desires and thought processes. ...read more.

Middle

Ralph unknowingly allows Jack's desire for blood and power to grow; as Jack establishes his dominance in hunting and killing, his power becomes appealing to many of the boys. Perhaps intellectually they knew that a democratic system of self-governance was the best, but they gave in to their immediate desires and took the meat when it was offered to them. And in one fatal swoop, Jack crushes civilisation by reducing the children to animals, driven blindly by desire. It is in these blind frenzies that desire overpowers them; when Simon bursts from the underbrush with a message from the beast, the circle of boys, surround and kill him. One gets this desire of bloodthirstiness in one's Id. The children act according to their true inner nature but ironically, they do not realise what they have done. When the children kill Simon, it is mostly subconsciously. Freud suggests that man is a phobic animal. The children do not act because they are born good or bad. ...read more.

Conclusion

He represented the human characteristic of envy as well as savagery .His thirst for blood drove him to slaughter the pregnant sow; his desire to kill overpowered his common sense--killing the sow meant killing future generations. Isolated on an island, the boys sought to imitate civilization by creating a democracy with a representative say for all. But as time passed and society drew further and further away, they began to overcome their societal norms and desire began to cloud their conscious. Their desire for meat and strength and power overcame their sensibility and they became a reckless machine, indiscriminate and destructive in their actions, and civilisation was in ruins. Bibliography: Golding, William. The Lord of the Flies. New York: Putnam's, 1954. Spangler, Donald R. "Simon." Lord of the Flies: Casebook Edition 1983 Baker, James R. William Golding New York St.Martin's Press, 1965. Karl, Krederic R. "The Metaphysical Novels of William Golding" Contemporary Literary Criticism Detroit: Gale Research, 1973: 119-120 Sheed, Wilfrid "William Golding: The Pyramid" Contemporary Literary Criticism Detroit: Gale Research, 1973: 121-121 Freud, Sigmund, Brill, A. A., ed. (1938). The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud, New York Freud, S. (1906). Preface to Freud's shorter writings, 1893-1906. The Third Reich at War. ...read more.

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