• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Show how Ngugi uses his narrative to contrast the inner emotional qualities in his characters- (chapter 7 pages 99-107)

Extracts from this document...


Show how Ngugi uses his narrative to contrast the inner emotional qualities in his characters- (chapter 7 pages 99-107) After a long hard struggle, In 1963 Kenya was finally on the verge of grasping their long awaited independence from the British. The novel, 'A Grain of Wheat', takes the reader back to the period between the fighting and the so-called 'new world'. It is a true manifestation of emotional individuality of both the colonized and colonizer alike, where they reflect on what has been gained by their triumph, but more importantly what has been lost in their fight for sovereignty. It is a poignant novel of love, betrayal and sacrifice, which in them selves are strong emotional qualities, and are only emphasized by the narrative. In this extract it becomes clear that Ngugi allows the reader to decide what the characters are feeling by contrasting different events and characters, sometimes even by distinguishing between past and present actions. Therefore it is suggested that through the contrasting narrative Ngugi wants the reader to make certain judgments upon his characters. The first contrast that comes into light is the revelation of Kihika's departure to fight in the forest and join the other freedom fighters. ...read more.


This aim is consequently revealed by the fact that it was 'her love and tenderness that saved him'. By presenting the narrative in this order, Ngugi makes us the readers to compare and contrast the different emotional qualities and make our own judgment upon the characters and where the characters are put into an emotional dilemma, should they give up the one they love for the greater and wider cause? Before this extract we see the relationship between Mumbi and Gikonyo filled with tension as he speaks through his teeth and would rather go over figures than talk to his wife. This is strongly contrasted with the couple that is presented to the reader in this extract; where there is evidence to suggest that they depend on each other. Again this is another example of the devastating consequences of the fight for freedom, where love disappears and betrayal sets in. When Gikonyo is walking into the detention camp he has very high spirits believing that 'it will all be over soon' and that they will be able to sing the 'new song and the birth of freedom' However the shift in the narrative describes a entirely different man who is leaving the detention camp. ...read more.


This lively and energetic story brings the spirits of the detainees up, however it can be argued that this is mere entertainment since Gatu only acts in this way as he has an audience. This is contrasted by the fact that when he is alone 'his face grows weary'. His story of self-sacrifice suggests that Gatu is talking from the heart since there is no humor and he 'spoke in a voice clear, colorless and not raised'. We are again brought back to the question of sacrifice, according to Gatu Gikonyo must not focus on his own pain or loss but must focus on the cause and remain united. Throughout the extract we see that there are breaks in relationships as a cause of the fight for independence, where betrayal and sacrifice seem to be the two primal factors in the character's thoughts the contrast between the past and the present reflects the different emotional qualities of Ngugi's characters. However the author does not directly demonstrate this through the narrative but allows the reader to make our own conclusion and to deduce our own opinions on the events. I believe that Ngugi is asking the reader to ask themselves one question, was the fight for freedom worth all the pain and the suffering? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Milton section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Milton essays

  1. 'Paradise Lost' - "Our Flesh is An Eve Within Us"[1]- The Presentation of Eve ...

    The words are filled with poignancy and foreshadowings of the tragedy to come for the knowing reader, and such a line from Milton is surely expected to reflect the ironic seriousness of Adam's unknowing promise. Therefore, this clearly should cast doubt into the reader's mind as to whether it was

  2. The Dualistic Genesis of Paradise Lost

    immutable internal necessity to do good, independent of all outside influence, can be consistent with absolute freedom of action" (1982:37). Danielson makes attempt to define God's omnipotence as that; "It must not be taken to mean power without any limits of any sort whatsoever," citing distinctively "The limitation imposed by the principle of noncontradiction .

  1. 'On the Road' by Jack Kerouac.

    Eventually he gets a ride two brothers who are picking up everyone they see on the road.

  2. In order to be able to discover the relevance Milton and Paradise Lost still ...

    time in granting women a dignity and responsibility rarely conceded in the seventeenth century. (p.15). Milton during this era wrote pamphlets promoting divorce. According to Aers and Hodge (1979)

  1. “Ideology represents the imaginary relationship of individuals to their real conditions of existence” (Althusser). ...

    In this sense, the greatest achievement of Munro is to engage and entertain her readers, without satisfying them with stereotypical and unremarkable romances and mysteries. Lucy Hughes-Hallett writes about Open Secrets - "In story after story there is an intricate layered richness as one narrative is braided into another, not

  2. Is Milton's Satan rightly regarded as a tragic hero?

    So being the only one strong and fearless enough to embark on this 'dreadful voyage', Satan crosses Hell and reaches its gates. Milton dramatises the moment when he encounters Death, and stands 'unterrified' before the 'grisly terror'. He does so with his elaborate description of detail such as; 'So frowned

  1. John Milton's "Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce" argued that the most valid reason for ...

    To make it even easier the courts will not "consider the period of separation interrupted if the spouses resume living together for a period or periods totaling not more than 90 days, as long as the primary purpose is to reconcile."

  2. How does Milton use generic systems in Paradise Lost?

    Lewalski understands genre in the Miltonic landscape therefore as a product of literary custom and common interest in subject matter, with emphasis on stylistic constructions. She differentiates between 'genre' or 'kind' and 'mode', examples of which she lists as 'pastoral, satiric, comedic, heroic, elegiac, and tragic', and which she identifies by 'attitude, tonality and motifs ...

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work