• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This essay attempts to examine and analyze the autobiographical links in Kafka's fiction Metamorphosis and The Judgment, with particular focus on the techniques employed by the author to execute this feat.

Extracts from this document...


Dr. Ill: Basically, you talented sick mind... you used writing as "self torture to bring about personal healing." You grew to expect and appreciate your father's abuse didn't you? Without it, there was less inspiration - so much less need for catharsis ... you sick, sick man. Kafka: Nooo... You are vrong! Eet vas hisss vault... my Vatherr!!! This extract came from a humorous interview-presentation and refers to the Austrian writer Franz Kafka. However, the fact that this man's traumatic life is depicted in and impacts upon his work so strongly is no laughing matter. This essay attempts to examine and analyze the autobiographical links in Kafka's fiction Metamorphosis and The Judgment, with particular focus on the techniques employed by the author to execute this feat. Upon reading Metamorphosis, the first thing the reader notices is the dismal imagery used by Kafka; the dull, gloomy and humid environment serving to foreshadow the decay and deterioration of Gregor's life. Additionally the newspaper Gregor's father uses, creates the imagery of a man chasing an insect. This is ironic because it is the constant work on the part of Gregor that supports the buying of that said newspaper, and it is this work that transforms Gregor into vermin. ...read more.


The division within Kafka's world, is a division of the mind itself - Gregor's condition thus possibly being a physical manifestation of the grotesque realization of hopelessness inside. Kafka seems to have possessed quite an existentialist and nihilistic view. It appears, that evil for Kafka - and by extension, Gregor, found in this hopelessness, is attributable in some way to human consciousness; it is a kind of mistake or failure within the evolutionary process of the mind. The mind seems to be lacking the desire to further evolve, thus accepting as final, as real, its knowledge of the world.1 Faced with this, it is no wonder Gregor fell into a state of hopelessness and despair, thus leading to his decline. Evidently, Kafka was quite a philosopher, and his views surface in his works. His literary efforts in fact, were oft described as psychoanalytic writing - in short, Kafka used writing as a form of catharsis; 'self torture to bring about personal healing'. It is held that Kafka reached the conclusion ahead of Freud that the "origin of neurosis lies in a son's relationship to his father." Kafka wrote a 'letter' to his dad - a small masterpiece of psychoanalytic writing which he never delivered. ...read more.


His nihilistic and existentialistic stance lends strongly to his works, suggesting that the value judgments which we hold dear are nothing more than our own perspective on reality. None are absolute, implying that in the end - none are really to be taken seriously. However, although the reality of the situations Kafka creates for his characters is questionable, the intense moral seriousness with which he writes is not. The situations may be a 'laughing matter' but the way Kafka tells it (utilizing techniques such as clear imagery, symbolism, metaphor and allusion, just to name a few), is certainly serious and perhaps even terrifying. These techniques portray transformation and decline at the hands of a harsh experience with both Kafka's and his characters' fathers, family and society at a whole - serving to drive them to the state where they lose their humanity (Gregor's transformation into an insect, and Georg's suicide). Kafka is definitely clear in his writing, with his attempts to cleanse himself of his pain, like Georg achieved by jumping into the river. Though he doesn't commit suicide, Kafka too is condemned to emotional 'death' by his father, and his 'jump' is his writing. With this in mind, Kafka definitely can be seen as 'fictionalizing' his own experience. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Charlotte Bronte section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Charlotte Bronte essays

  1. Enacting of modern themes and literary devices in To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf.

    Woolf's struggle to liberate herself from this patriarchal ideal of womanhood is reproduce within the novel by Lily Briscoe: while she deeply loves and venerates Mrs Ramsay and basks in her maternal care, she wholly rejects her values, not only by refusing to cooperate in her match-making plans, but also in several smaller ways.

  2. How is happiness conveyed in Jane Austen's Emma and Charlotte Bronte's Villette?

    after her visit to the church. She has been ill for a long while and her soul leaves her body 'hoping to leave for rest (Villette p.160). The reunion of the two is a particularly painful image, 'a sort of racking struggle', 'with pain, with reluctance' (Villette p.161).

  1. How does Charlotte Bronte build up tension? Using chapter 23 to illustrate.

    Rochester tells Jane that he feels as though they are connected by a "cord of communion." Jane sobs-"for I could repress what I endured no longer," she tells us, "I was obliged to yield." Jane confesses her love for Rochester, and to her surprise, he proposes marriage.

  2. Moral Conscience vs. Church Doctrine

    He refers to "the sufferings of the primitive Christians; to the torments of the martyrs; to the exhortations of our blessed Lord himself, calling upon his disciples to take up their cross and follow him...to his divine consolations, 'if ye suffer hunger or thirst for my sake, happy are ye.'"

  1. Essay on the key theme of alienation in the first two parts of the ...

    Is seems that she is reflected on her mother, who after this event changed "suddenly, not gradually", leaving both of them isolated from the rest of the world. However, they do not act as a protecting group, but rather this separates them even more, consolidating Annette's rejection of Antoinette "as

  2. Jane Eyre- Analysis.

    Jane's devotion to Helen is moving, and Helen lives out her Christian beliefs to her dying day. Jane continues to question Helen's unshakable faith�she wonders, though does not speak aloud, if heaven truly does exist. Helen completes her representation as a Christ figure for Jane, dying so Jane can learn

  1. The function of landscape or the environment in Jane Eyre.

    There were happy times for Jane there though, for example, Rochester's proposal in the orchard. This itself is an Edenic setting, but we know what happened in the Garden of Eden - original sin - and the overtone is ominous as the storm breaks.

  2. In Sons and Lovers how does Lawrence challenge conventional attitudes towards social and sexual ...

    she knows that Clara may still have feelings for her husband, Baxter Dawes. However, this inability to approve of her sons' choices is a recurrent theme throughout the novel, as she similarly did not trust William's fianc�e, Louisa Lily Denys Western.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work