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To what extent may the subjective nature of perception be regarded as an advantage for artists but an obstacle for scientists?

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Introduction

Bryan Vaz 0220 076 D Prescribed Title 7 To what extent may the subjective nature of perception be regarded as an advantage for artists but an obstacle for scientists? Perception on the Subjectivity of Perception Everything that moves on Earth uses perception as the primary means of gaining knowledge. Humans are no different. Through the partially subjective nature of perception, we are subject to illusions, errors of perception, errors in judgment, emotions and personal and cultural bias. Science's goal is to rise above this flaw and to achieve understanding from a universally valid and unbiased point. However, artists do not consider this a flaw because it allows them to take a personal point of view and therefore be original. In addition, artists strive to evoke emotions through their work, which can only be incorporated if the artist knows how perception can trigger emotions. Therefore, artists value the subjective nature of perception as a means to create an effective work of art, while scientists need to confer with others in order to overcome that subjectivity and give an objective account of reality. For a scientist, or social scientist, perception and reason are the foremost methods of gaining knowledge in their respective fields. ...read more.

Middle

(Crease 155) Millikan's determination of the validity of a run, in his defense, was a combination of reason and subjective perception, less so reason. Holton, a science historian, remarked that, "Millikan was evidentially saying he knew a good run when he saw one, and he was not going to overlook that knowledge even if it was not obvious how to quantify and share it on the record." (Holton 53) For Millikan, the subjective nature of perception was not an obstacle, but instead a tool which enabled him to selectively identify relevant values from those 'erroneous' values. While Millikan's determination of the charge of an electron, to this day, is still regarded as an important achievement in science, it does not dismiss his conduct in his work. In addition, even though he thought he had kept only the good data and not the bad data, his value for the electron charge is still lower than current day values by .6%. (Worcester) However, his uncertainty, which he declared was the reason for selectiveness, was short of the current day value by 322%. Personal bias or judgment is useful for detecting probable errors, like for Millikan, however, to justify the judgment or biased, some objective evidence needs to be found in order for the judgment to have any meaning. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because through his own personal bias of what type of irony is amusing and appropriate was he able to select what part of the overall observation was comical. All in all, the subjective nature of perception has its uses in most areas of knowledge, however it can also be an obstacle when an objective view is required. Scientists generally need to remain objective, however judgments need to be made whether the information gathered is worthy of publishing or requires further scrutiny. This still entails objectively identifying possible sources of error and testing them to ensure that they do not adversely affect the results of the experiment. Artist normally employ their judgments and other subjective aspects of perception to choose the form that their art will take. This meant that they need not depict reality directly, but use their personal bias to dictate the form of reality being depicted. Realism dictated the objective portrayal of reality, however subjectivity and not objectivity was still required to evaluate the worthiness of a subject, much like in the sciences. Overall subjectivity has it's advantages in all areas of knowledge, but because of this aspect, artisans and scientists will also depend on other ways of knowledge to help them teach their respective fields. ...read more.

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