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Tokyo ben and Kansai ben - Japanese has many local dialects.

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Introduction

ID number 4580175 ERS section 3 Assignment 5: Compare/contrast Due date: 2 December 2002 Tokyo ben and Kansai ben Japanese has many local dialects. The two dialects with the largest number of speakers are the eastern and western dialects. The eastern dialect is called "Tokyo ben" which is equivalent to standard Japanese and the western dialect is called "Kansai ben" which is spoken in western Japan such as Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe. There are four main differences between Tokyo ben and Kansai ben affecting vocabulary, spelling, pronunciation and grammar. The first difference is vocabulary. Different dialects use different words for the same things. ...read more.

Middle

in Tokyo ben become "yo"(very well) in Kansai ben(Shibatani, 2002). "Omoshiroi" (interesting) is spelled in Tokyo ben while Kansai ben spells "omoroi"(interesting) ( Shibatani,2002). The most obvious difference between two dialects is pronunciation. Tokyo ben has such features as "z", "chi" and "ku" are pronounced like "j" and "gu" in Kasai ben. For example, "0" (zero) is changed into "dero" or "jero"( Long,2002). "1"(ichi) is pronounced as " iji" (Long,2002). "6"(roku) is pronounced "rogu" in Kasai ben(Long,2002).Moreover, the first syllable is more emphasized in Tokyo ben while the second syllable is more carefully pronounced in Kasai ben. For example, "tabako" is pronounced like "tabako" in Kansai ben (Shibatani,2002).It is the same as in the case of the name of a person. ...read more.

Conclusion

become "nan dekka"(what's it?) in Kansai ben(Shibatani,2002). Furthermore, the particle "da", which is thought to function as the verb "to be" or " to do", is replaced by particle "ya" in Kansai ben. For example, "uso da"(you're kidding) in Tokyo ben is replaced by "uso ya" and " So dattara"(if it's true) is changed into " So yattara"(if it's true) in Kansai ben(Palter,2002). Reference List DC Palter. (2002).Some differences between Kansai ben and standard Japanese [ Web Site]. Retrieved01/12/02,2002, from the World Wide Web: http://www.coara.or.jp/ht/KANSAI/study2.html Shibutani, M. (2002). Japanese language[Web Site]. Retrieved 01/12/02,2002, from the World Wide Web: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=Japan Daniel, L. (2002). The Japanese dialects [Web site]. Retrieved 01/12/02,2002, from the World Wide Web: http://www.threeweb.ad.jp/logos/japanese.html Rie- Higuchi. (2002). How to be like a native Kansai-jin? [Web Site]. Retrieved 01/12/02,2002, From the World Wide Web: http://www.rpa.net/joeroa/hogen.htm ...read more.

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