What is Irony? - situational, verbal, and dramatic forms

Extracts from this essay...


What is Irony What is irony? It is hard to discuss irony without first discussing the 3 types of irony, and these are situational, verbal, and dramatic irony. Each is similar yet different from the others in that all has something that is unexpected happen, but each will carry these unexpected happenings out in a different manner. Verbal irony creates something unexpected through the use of speech. Situational irony uses action or a situation to create the same effect. Dramatic irony has the audience or reader know the unexpected, yet the character itself has no clue of what will happen. Irony presents itself everywhere in life. The ones that are the least unexpected are the ones that makes us laugh, cry, or smile the most.


What about a sitcom or a comedic movie that uses speech but also uses other aspects to produce an ironic effect? These use verbal irony, but also in combination with another type of irony. Actions or situations that create an ironic effect are called situational ironies. By having a character carry out an action that is not usual for that character creates an ironic moment. Many characters may participate and create a situation that is not expected to them or to the viewer. Cartoon strips provide examples of situational ironies because usually the cartoon characters will attempt to perform something but ends up not being able to do what it wants.


Tragedies usually have dramatic ironies in them such as Romeo and Juliet or the story of Anne Frank. When reading the diary of Anne Frank the reader already knows the outcome of Anne Frank's life. This knowledge creates emotional attachments to the story and produces sadness and sorrow. Ironies come in different forms and each brings out different emotions in different ways. Although the examples of ironies given were of comedy and tragedy there are also other emotions that ironies generate. Life has many examples irony and because irony is grouped into three generalized types, there is room possible for a variety of different kinds of verbal, situational or dramatic irony. So take some time and examine the many ironies that surrounds life and maybe life will be a little bit more interesting for you.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Romeo and Juliet essays

  1. Contrast the first occasion when Romeo and Juliet are together, at the Ball, Act ...

    The powerful setting is sad and mournful for the tragic events that have taken place. The watchmen then send for the Montague's, Capulet's and the Prince of Verona. The whole company then view the terrible brisance of their hatred; as the Friar blames the feuding families for the deaths that


    Modern audiences mainly clap at the interval and conclusion. In opposition, the Elizabethan audience might well applaud, but they booed and hissed as well if they felt like it and hurled things at the actors when they disapproved of them. At the same time Food and drink were served as yet another distraction.

  1. A Comparative Study of the Theme of Love in Romeo and Juliet and the ...

    They are plagued with thoughts of suicide. As Jay L. Halio comments "The idea of death pervades their thoughts almost constantly" (69). In Act iii, scene iii, Romeo brandishes a knife in Friar's cell and threatens to kill himself after he has been banished from Verona and his lover Juliet.

  2. Compare how Zeffirelli and Luhrman direct the ending of Romeo and Juliet.

    to relate to the events of the events of the film with a better understanding. Almost the only aspect of the play that Luhrman does not modernise or change to some degree is Shakespeare's language, as if to keep the genius and soul of Shakespeare's writing ability alive in the film.

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.